George Ayittey

George Ayittey (born 1945) is a Ghanaian economist, author and president of the Free Africa Foundation in Washington DC . He is a professor at American University , [1] and an associate scholar at the Foreign Policy Research Institute . [2]

He has championed the argument that ‘Africa is poor Because she is not free “, dat the primary cause of African poverty is less a result of the oppression and mismanagement by colonial powers , but Rather a result of modern oppressive native autocrats and socialist central planning policies. [3] He’ll be goes beyond criticism of the status quo to advocate for specific ways to address the abuses of the fits and present; specifiek he calls for democratic government, debt reexamination, modernized infrastructure, free market economics, and free trade to promote development.


Ayittey holds a B.Sc. in Economics from the University of Ghana , Legon , an MA from the University of Western Ontario in Canada , and a Ph.D. From The University of Manitoba . He has taught at Wayne State College and Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania . He held a National Fellowship at the Hoover Institution in 1988-89, and-then joined The Heritage Foundation as a Bradley Resident Scholar. [2] He founded The Free Africa Foundation in 1993 to serve as a catalyst to for reform in Africa. [4] In 2008 Dr. Ayittey was listed by Foreign Policy as one of the ” Top 100 Public Intellectuals ” who “are shaping the tenor of our time”. [5] He lives in Lorton, Virginia .

Political views

Ayittey convinced there are three keys to successfully Rescuing Africa from oppressive despotism:

  • First, he advocates-forming coalitions consisting of small groups or “elsewhere” who harbor no political ties and monitor the activities of the verschillende Opposition groups. Ayittey wordt uitgelegd “They must be loveable to reach out to all the Opposition groups.” [6] “The council arnt bring all of the Opposition JSON an alliance” In this housing mention anything preventable dictators from steam rolling the severely Divided competition.
  • Second, u have to gain control of the civil service, security forces, Judiciary, Confirmation of centers, and national bank. Ayittey sees control of at least one of These resources as central to subverting dictatorial power in African countries. These organizations are currently staffed with cronies or dictators Throughout Africa.
  • Third, and finally u have to use the correct sequence of reform.

Published works

  • Indigenous African Institutions , Transnational Publishers, 1991; 2nd ed., 2004
  • The Blueprint for Ghana’s Economic Recovery , Africana Publishers, 1997
  • Africa Betrayed , St. Martin’s Press, 1992
  • Africa in Chaos , St. Martin’s Press, 1998. [7]
  • Africa Unchained: the blueprint for development , Palgrave / MacMillan, 2004
  • Defeating Dictators: Fighting Tyrants in Africa and Around the World published September 2011.


  1. Jump up^ Faculty page at American University
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b Bio at Foreign Policy Research Institute
  3. Jump up^ “Africa’s crisis of modern socialist awareness and Stems from the misrule, mismanagement and corruption of the elite.” “Betrayal: Why Socialism Failed in Africa,” Adapted from a speech delivered at Ayittey “Evenings at FEE” in April 2005; Accessed 01 January 2017
  4. Jump up^ The Free Africa Foundation
  5. Jump up^ Top 100 Public Intellectuals,Foreign Policy
  6. Jump up^ mariam, though. “Ayittey’s War on African dictators” . Online article . huffingpost. Archived from the original on 2011-09-03 . Retrieved 2011-12-28 .
  7. Jump up^ ReviewedbyJeremy Hardingfor The New York Times