Sergey Brin

Sergey Mikhaylovich Brin ( Russian : Сергей Михайлович Брин ; born August 21, 1973) is a Soviet -born American computer scientist , internet entrepreneur, and Philanthropist. [ Citation needed ] Together with Larry Page , he co-founded Google . Brin is the president of Google’s parent company Alphabet Inc . In October 2016 (the most recently period for welke figures are available), Brin was the 12th Richest person in the world, with an Estimated net worth or US $ 39.2  billion . [6]

Brin immigrated to the United States with his family from the Soviet Union at the age of 6. He earned his bachelor’s degree at the University of Maryland , volgende in his Father’s and grandfather’s Footsteps at Studying mathematics , as well as computer science. After graduation, he moved to Stanford University to Acquire a PhD in computer science. There have to Page, with Whom he later became friends. Way Down Crammed hun dormitory room with Inexpensive computers and toegepast Brin’s data mining system to build a web search engine . The program became popular at Stanford and they ‘SUSPENDED hun PhD studies to start up Google a rented garage.

The Economist referred to Brin as an ” Enlightenment Man”, and as someone who convinced that ‘knowledge is always good, and Certainly always better than ignorance “, a philosophy dat is summed up by Google’s mission statement,” Organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful, “ [7] [8] and Unofficial, sometimes controversial slogan,” Do not be evil “. [9]

Early life and education

Brin was born in Moscow in the Soviet Union , to Russian Jewish parents, Yevgenia and Mikhail Brin, zowel graduates or Moscow State University (MSU). [10] [11]His Father was a mathematics professor at the University of Maryland , and his mother a researcher at NASA ‘s Goddard Space Flight Center . [1] [12] [13]

In May 1979, als Brin was five years old, his family fact represented compelled to emigrate out of the Soviet Union. [14] In an interview with Mark Malseed , co-author of The Google Story , [15] Sergey’s Father Explained how he was “forced to abandon his dream of Becoming an Astronomer as voordat have reached college.” He said ” Communist Party heads barred Jews from upper professional ranks by denying Them entry to universities, Jews ulcers excluded from the physics department, met, at the prestigious Moscow State University , Because Soviet leaders did not trust Them with nuclear rocket research.” Mikhail Brin Charmain Horn Please note changed his major to mathematics where he RECEIVED nearly the straight A’s. [12] In Another interview with Dominic Lawson or The Independent , Mikhail zegt: “No one mention anything consider me for graduate school Because I was Jewish.” He went on to tell how Lawson MSU required Jews to take hun entrance exams in different rooms from non-Jewish applicants, and how they ‘ulcers Marked on a harsher scale. [16]

The Brin family lived in a three-room apartment in central Moscow, welke ze ook shared with Sergey’s paternal grandmother. [12] Brin Told Malseed, “I’ve Berninahaus for a long time dat my Father was not loveable to Pursue have the career Wanted”, but Sergey only picked up the details years later after they ‘had settled in the United States. In 1977, after his Father Returned from a mathematics conference in Warsaw , Poland, Mikhail Brin announced dat it was time for the family to emigrate. “We can not save stay here ANY tomorrow,” he told his wife and mother. At the conference, he was loveable to “mingle freely with colleagues’ from the United States, France, England and Germany and when sending dat his intellectual brethren in the West ulcers not ‘monsters.'” He added, “I was the only one in the family who decided it was really important to leave. ” [12]

Sergey’s mother was less willing to leave hun home in Moscow, where they ‘had spent hun entire lives. Malseed writes, “For Genia, the decision ultimately cameramen down to Sergey. While re husband admits he was thinking as much about his own future as his sun’s, for re, ‘it was 80/20’ about Sergey.” Way Down formally toegepast for hun exit visa in September 1978, and as a result his Father was “Promptly fired”. For related reasons, his mother had to leave ook re job. For the next eight months, Without Any steady income, they ‘ulcers forced to take on temporary jobs as they’ waited, afraid hun request mention anything be denied as it was for many refuseniks . During this time his parents shared Verantwoordelijkheid for looking after im and his Father taught himself computer programming . In May 1979, they ‘ulcers granted hun official exit visas and ulcers allowed to leave the country. [12] At an interview in October 2000, Brin zegt, “I know the hard times dat my parents went through there and am very Thankful dat I was brought` to the States.” [17]

In the summer of 1990, a few weeks voordat his 17th birthday, his Father led a group of high school math students, zoals Sergey, on a two-week exchange program to the Soviet Union. His roommate on the trip was future Carnegie Mellon University computer science professor John Stamper. If Brin recalls, the trip awakened his childhood fear of authority and have Remembered that ‘his first impulse on Confronting Soviet oppression had bone to throw Pebbles at a police car. ” Malseed adds, “On the second day of the trip, while the group toured a sanitarium in the countryside near Moscow, Sergey took his Father aside, Looked im in the eye and zegt, Thank you for taking us all out of Russia.” ” [12]

Brin attended elementary school at Paint Branch Montessori School in Adelphi, Maryland , but have RECEIVED remit education at home; his Father, a professor in the department of mathematics at the University of Maryland , encouraged im to learn mathematics and his family helped im retain his Russian-language skills. He attended Eleanor Roosevelt High School in Greenbelt, Maryland . In September 1990 Brin enrolled in the University of Maryland , where he RECEIVED his Bachelor of Science from the Department of Computer Science in 1993 with receptacles in computer science and mathematics, welke is part of the University of Maryland College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences . [18]

Brin Began his graduate studies in computer science at Stanford University on a graduate fellowship from the National Science Foundation . In 1993, he interned at Wolfram Research , the developers of Mathematica . [18] As of 2008 he was on leave from his PhD studies at Stanford. [19]

Search engine development

During an orientation for new students at Stanford, have with Larry Page. Way Down seemed to disagree on musts subjects. But after spending time together, they ” became intellectual soul-mates and close friends “. Brin’s focus was on ontwikkelingslanden data mining systems while Page’s was in extending ‘the concept of inferring the belang or a research paper from zijn citations in other papers “. [8]Together, the pair authored a paper Titled “The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine”. [20]

To convert the backlink data gathered by BackRub’s web crawler JSON a measure or belang for a bepaald web page, Brin and Page developed the PageRank algorithm, and voortvloeien dat it Could be-used to build a search engine far superior to bestaande zones. [21] The new algorithm relied on a new child or technological therein Analyzed the relevance of the back links therein connected one Web page to Another. [22]

Page and Sergey Brin

Combining hun ideas, the pair Began Utilizing Page’s dormitory room as a machine laboratory, and spare parts Extracted from Inexpensive computers to create a device dat ze-used to connect the nascent search engine with Stanford’s campus broadband network. [21] After filling Page’s room with equipment, ze dan Converted Brin’s dorm room JSON an office and programming center, where they ‘tested hun new search engine designs on the Web. The rapid growth hun project caused Stanford’s computing infrastructure to experience problems. [23]

Page and Brin-used the former’s basic HTML programming skills to set up a simple search page for users, as they ‘did not have a web page developer to create anything Visually elaborate. Ze ook Began using ANY computer run They could find to assembling the Necessary computing power to handle searches on multiple users. If hun search engine Grew in popularity onder Stanford users, it required additional_image_link servers to process the queries. In August 1996, the initial version of Google, still on the Stanford University website, was made available to Internet users. [21]

In early 1997, the BackRub page DESCRIBED the states as follows:

The mathematical website interlinking dat het PageRank algorithm facilitates, illustrated by size-percentage correlation of the circles. The algorithm was named after Page himself.
Some Rough Statistics (from August 29th, 1996)
Total index-able HTML urls: 75.2306 Million
Total content loaded: 207,022 gigabytes
BackRub is written in Java and Python and runs on verschillende Sun Ultras and Intel Pentium processors running Linux . The primary database is Kept on a Sun Ultra Series II with 28GB or disk.Scott Hassan and Alan Steremberg port Provided a great deal of very talented implementation help.Sergey Brin has ook leg very involved and deserves many thanks.

– Larry Page [24]

BackRub Already exhibited the Rudimentary functions and; characteristics or a search engine, a query input was entered and it Provided a list of backlinks ranked by belang. Page recalled: “We voortvloeien dat we had a Querying tool. It showing you a good overall ranking of pages and ordering or follow-up pages.” [25] Page zegt dat in mid-1998 ze finally voortvloeien the remit potential hun project: “Pretty soon, we had 10,000 searches a day. And we figured, maybe this is really real.” [23]

Some Compared Page and Brin’s vision to the impact of Johannes Gutenberg , the inventor of modern printing :

In 1440, Johannes Gutenberg introduced Europe to the mechanical printing press, printing Bibles for mass consumption. The technology allowed for books and Manuscripts-oorspronkelijk replicated at hand to be printed at a much faster rate, THUS spreading knowledge and helping in to usher in the European Renaissance  … Google has done a similar job. [26]

The comparison was ook noted by the authors of The Google Story : “Not since Gutenberg  … has ANY new invention It Empowered personen, and Transformed access to information, as profoundly as Google.” [15] Also, not long after the two “cooked up hun new engine for web searches, they ‘Began thinking about information that was at the time beyond the Web,” zoals Digitizing books and Expansion health information. [23]

Other interests

Brin is working on other, more personal projects dat reach beyond Google. For example, he and Page are Trying to help the world’s solvency energy and climate problems at Google’s philanthropic arm, , welke invests in the alternative energy industry to find wider sources of renewable energy . The company acknowledges dat zijn founders because “to solvency really big problems using technology.” [27]

In October 2010, for example, they ‘invested in a major offshore wind power development to assist the East coast power grid, [28] welke will Eventually Become one of about a carton of offshore wind farms therein are Proposed for the region. [29] A week earlier they ‘introduced a car therein, with “artificial intelligence”, can drive Itself using video cameras and radar sensors. [27] In the future, drivers or cars with similar sensors mention anything harbor fewer accidents. These safer vehicles Could Charmain Horn Please note be built lighter and less fuel consumption requirement. [30] Way Down are Trying to get companies to create innovative solutions to toenemende the world’s energy supply. [31] He is an investor in Tesla Motors , [32] welke has developed the Tesla Roadster , a 244-mile (393 km) range battery electric vehicle as well as the Tesla Model S , a 265-mile (426 km) range battery electric vehicle .

In 2004, he and Page ulcers named “Persons of the Week” by ABC World News Tonight . In January 2005 he was nominated to be one of the World Economic Forum ‘s “Young Global Leaders”. In June 2008, Brin invested $ 4.5 million in Space Adventures , the Virginia -based space tourism company. His investment will serve as a deposit for a reservation on one of Space Adventures’ Proposed flights in 2011. Space Adventures, the only company dat Sends Tourists to space, has cents five or Them so far. [33]

Brin and Page Jointly own a customized Boeing 767-200 and a Dornier Alpha Jet , [34] and pay $ 1.3 million a year to house Them and two Gulfstream V jets owned by Google executives at Moffett Federal Airfield . The aircraft harbor had scientific equipment installed by NASA to allow directive experimental data to be Collected in flight. [35] [36]

In 2012, Brin has bone involved with the Project Glass program and has demoed eyeglass prototypes. Project Glass is a research and development program with Google to developement an augmented reality head-mounted display (HMD). [37] The intended purpose of Project Glass products mention anything be the hands-free Displaying or information Currently available to most smartphone users, [38]and allowing for interaction with the Internet via natural language voice commands. [39]

Brin was ook involved in the Google driverless car project. In September 2012, at the signing of the California Driverless Vehicle Bill, [40] Brin predicted dat binnen five years, robotic cars will be available to the general public. [41]

Brin is a supporter of lab-grown meat and kite-energy systems. [42] [43]

The Economist magazine describes Brin’s approach to life, like Page’s, as based on a vision summed up by Google’s motto, “or making all the world’s information” universally accessible and useful ‘ ‘.

Censorship or Google in China

For more details on this topic, see censorship in the People’s Republic of China .

Remembering his youth and his family’s reasons for leaving the Soviet Union, he “agonized over Google’s decision to appease the Communist government of China to allowing it to censor search engine results”, but he decided dat de Chinese mention anything still be better off dan without maintenance Google available. [8]

On January 12, 2010 Google Reported a large cyber attack on zijn computers and corporate infrastructure therein Began a month earlier, welke included acces two Gmail accounts and the theft of Google’s intellectual property. After the attack was Determined to port originated in China, the company stated dat it mention anything about no longer agree to censor zijn search engine in China and nov exit the country altogether. David Drummond , Google’s Senior Vice President of Corporate Development, Reported that ‘a primary goal of the attackers was acces the Gmail accounts of Chinese human rights Activists, but dat de attack ook targeted 20 other large companies in the finance, technology, media and chemical sectors. ” [44] [45] It was later Reported therein the attack had targeted’ll be “one of Google’s crown jewels, a password system dat controls access by millions of users worldwide.” [46]

In late March 2010, it officially Discontinued zijn China-based search engine while keeping zijn uncensored Hong Kong site in operation. Speaking for Google, Brin stated prolongation an interview, “One of the reasons I am at all, we are making this move in China is dat the China situation was really emboldening other countries to try and implement hun eigen firewalls.” [47] During Another interview with Der Spiegel , he added, “For us it has always leg a discussion about how we kan best fight for openness on the Internet. We believe dat this is the best thing dat we kan do for Preserving the principles of the openness and freedom of information on the Internet. ” [48]

Senator Byron Dorgan stated that ‘Google’s decision is a strong step in favor of freedom of expression and information. ” And Congressman Bob Goodlatte zegt, “I applaud Google for zijn courageous step to stop censoring search results on Google has drawn a line in the sand and is shining a light on the very dark area or individual liberty restrictions in China.” [49] From the business perspective, many herkennen therein the move is LIKELY to affect Google’s profits. The New Republic adds that ‘Google Seems to port arrived at the assembly link that was obvious to Andrei Sakharov : the one tussen science and freedom, “referring to the move as” heroism “. [50]

Personal life

Sergey Brin in 2005 at the Web 2.0 Conference

In May 2007, Brin married biotech analyst and entrepreneur Anne Wojcicki in the Bahamas . [51] [52] Way Down had a sun together in December 2008 and a daughter in late 2011. [53] In August 2013, it was announced dat Brin and his then-wife ulcers living separately after Brin had Become romantically involved with Google Glass ‘s marketing director. [54] [55] [56] In June 2015, Brin and Wojcicki Finalized hun divorce. [57]

Brin’s mother, Eugenia, has bone diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease . In 2008, he decided to make a donation to the University of Maryland School of Medicine , where his mother is being behandeld. [58] Brin-used the services of 23andMe and when sending dat hoewel de Parkinson’s is algemeen not Hereditary , zowel he and his mother possess a mutation of the LRRK2 gene (G2019S) dat well the likelihood or im ontwikkelingslanden Parkinson’s in later years tussen 20% and 80 %. [8] When Asked Whether ignorance was not bliss in zoals matters, he stated dat his knowledge Means dat kan have now tasks maatregelen to ward off the disease. An editorial in The Economist magazine states that ‘Mr Brin regards his mutation of LRRK2 as a bug in his personal code, and THUS as no différent from the bugs in computer code therein Google’s engineers fix everytime day. By helping in himself, he kan Charmain Horn Please note help Vodafone as well. He considers himself lucky. … But Mr. Brin was making a much bigger point. Is not knowledge always good, and always Certainly better than ignorance? ” [8]

Brin and his ex-wife ook run The Brin Wojcicki Foundation. [59]

Awards and braces


In 2002, Brin Along with Larry Page, was named the MIT Technology Review TR100 , as one of the top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35. [60] In 2003, beide Brin and Page RECEIVED an honorary MBA from IE Business School “for embodying the entrepreneurial spirit and lending momentum to the creation of new businesses …”. [61] In 2004, they ‘RECEIVED the Marconi Foundation Prize, the “Highest Award in Engineering”, and ulcers elected Fellows of the Marconi Foundation at Columbia University . “In Announcing hun selection, John Jay Iselin, the Foundation’s president, congratulated the two is for hun invention It has therein Fundamentally changed the way information is retrieved today.”

In 2003, Brin and Page ulcers zowel Award Recipients and National finalists for the EY Entrepreneur of the Year Award [62]

In 2004, Brin RECEIVED the Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award with Larry Page at a ceremony in Chicago, Illinois. [63]


In November 2009, Forbes decided Brin and Page ulcers the fifth musts powerful people in the world. [64] Earlier, she dat co year, in February, Brin was inducted into tje National Academy of Engineering , welke is “onder the Highest professional distinctions accorded to an engineer … [and] receptacles Those who harbor made outstanding contributions to engineering research, practice … “. He was selected specifiek, “for leadership in development of rapid indexing and retrieval of relevant information from the World Wide Web.” [65] In hun “Profiles” or Fellows, the National Science Foundation included a number of earlier awards:

he was a featured speaker at the World Economic Forum and the Technology, Entertainment and Design Conference. … PC Magazine has praised Google in the Top 100 Web Sites and Search Engines (1998) and Awarded Google the Technical Excellence Award, for Innovation in Web Application Development in 1999. In 2000, Google earned a Webby Award , a People’s Voice Award for technical achievement, and in 2001 was Awarded Outstanding Search Service, Best Image Search Engine, Best Design, Most Webmaster Friendly Search Engine, and Best Search Feature at the Search Engine Watch Awards. [66]

Volgens to Forbes , he is the 12th Richest person in the world with a personal wealth of US $ 39.2 billion as of October 2016. [67] [ contradictory ]


Year title Role
2013 The Internship Himself (cameo)


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