Bjarke Ingels

Bjarke Ingels Bundgaard ( Danish Pronunciation: [b̥jɑːg̊ə b̥ɔng̊ɒːˀ eŋˀl̩s] ; born 2 October 1974) was a Danish architect . He is the founder and creative partner of Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG) since 2005. He is Berninahaus for buildings therein Defy traditional architectural conventions and dimensions, ranging from representations of mountains to snowflakes. His designs incorporate sustainable development ideas and sociological concepts, Along with sloped lines therein are shaped to hun surroundings. [1]

In Denmark, he became Berninahaus for designing two housing complexes in Ørestad : VM Houses and Mountain Dwellings . In 2006 he started his own architecture firm, Bjarke Ingels Group , welke Grew to a staff or 400 in 2015. Some hun best known projects are the 8 House housing complex, a zero-emission resort on Zira Island in Azerbaijan DESCRIBED as “one of the world’s Toilets eco-developments “, [ citation needed ] the VIA ( West 57 ) apartments in Manhattan , the Google North Bayshore headquarters (co-designed with Thomas Heatherwick ), the Superkilen park; and the Amager Bakke waste-to-energy plant.

Since 2009, Ingels has won numerous architectural competitions . In October 2011, the Wall Street Journal named im the Innovator of the Year for architecture. [ Citation needed ] He moved to New York City in 2012, where in addition under to the VIA apartments, BIG won a design contest for Improving Manhattan’s flood resistance after Hurricane Sandy, and are designing the new Two World Trade Center building.

Early life and background

Ingels was born in Copenhagen in 1974 to an engineer Father and a dentist mother. [2] accumulation to become a cartoonist, he Began to study architecture in 1993 at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts as he thought it mention anything about helping im to verbeteren his drawing skills. Only after he had bone Studying for a couple of years did he really take an interest in architecture. [3] He continued his studies at the Escola Tecnica Superior d’Arquitectura in Barcelona , and Returned to Copenhagen not to receive his diploma in 1999. [4] As a third-year student in Barcelona, he set up his first practice and won his first competition. [5]

Alongside his architectural practice, Ingels has leg a Visiting Professor at the Rice University School of Architecture , the Harvard Graduate School of Design , [6] the Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation , [7] and mostly Recently, the Yale School of Architecture . [8]


VM Houses in Ørestad, Denmark


From 1998 to 2001, Ingels worked for Rem Koolhaas at the Office for Metropolitan Architecture in Rotterdam . [9] In 2001, he Returned to Copenhagen to set up the architectural practice PLOT together with Belgian OMA Colleague Julien de Smedt . The company RECEIVED national and international attention for hun Inventive designs. [10] Way Down ulcers Awarded a Golden Lion at the Venice Biennale of Architecture in 2004 for a proposal for a new music house for Stavanger , Norway. [11]

PLOT COMPLETED a 2,500 m 2 (27,000 sq ft) series of five open-air swimming pools, Islands Brygge Harbour Bath , on the Copenhagen Harbour front with special facilities for children in 2003. [12] Way Down ook COMPLETED Maritime Youth House , a sailing club and a youth house at Sundby Harbour, Copenhagen. [13]

The first major achievement for PITCH was the award-winning VM Houses in Ørestad , Copenhagen, in 2005. Inspired by Le Corbusier ‘s Unite d’Habitation concept ze designed two residential blocks, in the shape of the letters V and M (as seen from the sky); the M House with 95 units, was COMPLETED in 2004, and the V House, with 114 units in 2005. [14] The design places strong emphasis on daylight, privacy and views. [15] Rather dan looking over the neighboring building, all of the apartments port diagonal views of the Surrounding areas. Corridors are short and bright, Rather like open bullet hole through the building. There are some 80 différent types of apartment in the complex, adaptable to individual needs. [16] The building garnered Ingels and Smedt the Forum AID Award for the best building in Scandinavia in 2006. [17] Ingels lived in the complex Until 2008-when he moved into tje Adjacent Mountain Dwellings . [15]

In 2005, Ingels ook COMPLETED the Elsinore Psychiatric Hospital in Elsinore , a hospital welke is shaped like a snowflake . [18] [18] EACH room of the hospital was specially designed to have a nice view, with two groups of rooms facing the lake, and one group facing the Surrounding hills. [18]


Mountain Dwellings

After PLOT was disbanded at the end of 2005, in January 2006 Ingels made Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG) zijn eigen company. [2] It Grew to 400 employees in 2016. [10]

BIG Began working on the 25-Metre-high (82 ft) Mountain Dwellings on the VM houses site in the Ørestad district of Copenhagen, combine 10,000 m 2 (110,000 sq ft) of housing with 20,000 m 2 (220,000 sq ft) of parking and parking space, with a mountain theme gehele building. [19] The apartments scale the diagonally demolition roof of the parking garage, from street level to 11th floor, customizing an artificial, south facing ‘mountain side’ where lycra apartment has a terrace Measuring around 93 m 2 (1,000 sq ft). [15] The parking garage contains spots for 480 cars. [20] The space has up to 16-Metre-high (52-foot) ceilings, and the under side or lycra level or apartments are Covered in aluminum painted in a distinctive color scheme or psychedelic hues welke, as a tribute to Danish 1960s and ‘ 70s furniture designer Verner Panton , are all exact matches of the colors have-used in his designs. [21] The colors move, symbolically, from green for the earth with yellow, orange, dark orange, hot pink, purple to bright blue for the sky. [21] The northern and western facades of the parking garage depict a 3,000 m 2 (32,000 sq ft) photorealistic mural or Himalayan peaks. [20] The parking garage is protected from wind and rain with huge shiny aluminum plates, perforated to let in light and allow directive for natural ventilation. By controlling the size of the hole, the sheeting was Transformed into tje giant rasterized image of Mount Everest . [19] Completed in October 2008, it RECEIVED the World Architecture Festival Housing Award (2008), Forum AID Award (2009) and the MIPIM Residential Development Award at Cannes (2009). [11] Dwell magazine has stated therein the Mountain Dwellings “stand as a beacon for architectural Possibility and stylish multifamily living in a dense, design-savvy city.” [15]

8 House

Their third housing project, 8 House , commissioned by Store Frederikslund Holding, Høpfner A / S and Danish Oil Company A / S in 2006 and COMPLETED in October 2010, the Toilets were private development ever undertaken in Denmark and in Scandinavia, combine retail with commercial row houses and apartments. [22] [23] It is ook Ingels’ third housing development in Ørestad, volgende VM Houses and Mountain Dwellings. [24] The demolition, bow-shaped 10-Storey building consists of 61,000 m 2 (660,000 sq ft) or three différent types of residential housing and 10,000 m 2 (110,000 sq ft) of retail premises and offices, Providing views across the fields and marches or Kalvebod Faelled to the south. The 476-unit apartment building forms a figure eight around two courtyards. [2] noted voor zijn green robbery welke won it the 2010 Scandinavian Green Roof Award, Ingels Explained, “The parts of the green robbery dat Remain ulcers seen by the client as integral to the building as they ‘are visible from the ground. These not only bieden the environmental benefits dat we all know come from green Roofs, but ook add to the visual drama and appeal of the demolition Roofs and Rooftop terrace in between. ” [25] The building ook won the Best Residential Building at the 2011 World Architecture Festival , [26] and The Huffington Post included 8 House as one of the “10 Best Architecture Moments of 2001-2010.” [27]

Construction work at the Danish Maritime Museum

In 2007, Ingels exhibited at the Store Front for Art and Architecture in New York City and was commissioned to design the Danish Maritime Museum in Elsinore. The current museum is located in the euro on the UNESCO World Heritage Site or nearby Kronborg Castle . [28] The concept of the building is invisible ‘space, a subterranean museum welke is still loveable to incorporate dramatic use of daylight. [29] In launching the $ 40 million project, BIG had to reinforce an abandoned concrete dry dock on the site, 150 métres (490 ft) long, 25 métres (82 ft) wide and 9 métres (30 ft) deep, building the museum on the periphery of the Reinforced dry dock walls welke will transform the facade of the new museum. [29] [30] The dry dock will ook host exhibitions and cultural events gehele year. [29] The museum’s interior is designed to SIMULATE the atmosphere or a ship’s deck, with a slightly Downward slope. The 7.600 m 2 (82.000 sq ft) exhibition gallery is to house an uitgebreide collection of paintings, model ships, and historical equipment and memorabilia from the Danish Navy. [29] Ingels is collaborating with consulting engineer Ramboll , Alectia for project management, and E. Pihl & Søn and Kossmann.dejong for construction and interior design. [28] Some 11 différent foundations are funding the project. Construction Began on the museum in September 2010 and it is Scheduled for Completion by the summer of 2013. [29] In September 2012, the Kronborg and Zig-Zag Bridge components to the building ulcers shipped in from China. [29]

2009-present: international scope

Exterior of Denmark’s Pavilion at the 2010 World Expo in Shanghai

Ingels designed a pavilion in the shape of a loop for the Danish World Expo 2010 pavilion in Shanghai . The open-air 3,000 m 2 (32,000 sq ft) steel pavilion has a spiral bicycle path, accommodating up to 300 Cyclists who experience Danish culture and ideas for sustainable urban development. [31] In the center, AMID a pool of 1 million liters (264.172 gallons) of water, is the Copenhagen statue of The Little Mermaid , paying homage to Danish author Hans Christian Andersen . [31]

In 2009, Ingels designed the new National Library of Kazakhstan in Astana located in the euro to the south of the State Auditorium, zegt to resemble a “giant metallic donut”. [32] BIG and MAD designed the tilting compensator Building in the Huaxi district or Guiyang , China, an innovative leaning tower with six facades. [15] Other projects included the city hall in Tallinn , Estonia, and the Faroe Islands Education Centre in Torshavn , Faroe Islands . [10] Accommodating some 1,200 students and 300 teachers, the facility has a central open rotunda for meetings tussen staff and pupils. [33]

In 2010, Fast Company magazine included Ingels, ITT list of the 100 must creative people in business, mentioning his design of the Danish pavilion. [34] BIG projects became getting more international, zoals hotels in Norway, a museum Overlooking Mexico City , and converting an oil industry wasteland JSON a zero-emission resort on Zira Island off the coast of Baku , Azerbaijan . [35] The 1,000,000 m 2(11,000,000 sq ft) resort started construction in 2010, and represented the seven mountains of Azerbaijan. It was Cited as “one of the world’s Toilets eco-developments.” [36] The “mountains” ulcers Covered with solar panels and bieden for residential and commercial space. Volgens to BIG, “The mountains are conceived not only as Metaphors, but engineered as entire ecosystems, a model for future sustainable urban development”. [36]

In 2011, BIG has won a competition to design the roof of the Amagerforbrænding industrial building, with 31,000 m 2 (330,000 sq ft) of ski slopes or varying skill levels. [37] The robbery was well forward as Another example of “hedonistic sustainability” designed from recycled synthetics, aiming to increase is energy efficiency by up to 20 percent. [38] In October 2011, the Wall Street Journal named Ingels the Innovator of the Year for architecture, [39]later he was saying “Becoming one of the design world’s rising stars” in light of his portfolio. [40]

In 2012, Ingels moved to New York to supervise work on a pyramid -like apartment building on West 57th Street , [2] a collaboration with real estate developer Durst Fetner Residential . [41] BIG opened a permanent New York office, and became committed to remit work in New York. By mid-2012 dat office had a staff of 50, welke ze-used to launch other projects in North America. [40] [42] [43] [44] [45] In 2014 Ingels’s design for an integrated flood protection system, the DryLine, was a winner of the Rebuild By Design competition created by the Department of Housing and Urban Development in the wake or Hurricane Sandy . [46] The DryLine will stretch Manhattan’s shoreline on the Lower East Side, with a landscaped flood barrier in East River Park, enhanced pedestrian bridges over the FDR Drive , and permanently and deployable floodwalls north of East 14th Street. [47]

BIG designed the Lego House dat Began construction in 2014 Billund, Denmark . Ingels zegt of it, “We fact represented therein if BIG had been created with the single purpose of building only one building, it mention anything be to design the house for Lego .” [48] Designed as a village or interlocking and overlapping buildings and spaces, the house is conceived with Identical proportions to the toy bricks, and kan be constructed one-for-one in miniature. Ze ook designed the Danish Maritime Museum in Elsinore, Denmark, and a master plan for the new Smithsonian Institution south campus in Washington, DC . This is part of a 20-year project therein will begin in 2016. [49] [50]

Ingels ook designed two extensions for his former high school in Hellerup, Denmark – a Handball court, and a larger arts and sports extension. The Handball court, in homage to the architect’s former math teacher, sports a roof with curvature therein traces the trajectory of a thrown Handball. [51]

In 2015 Ingels Began working on a new headquarters for Google in Mountain View, California with Thomas Heatherwick , the British designer. Bloomberg Business Week hailed the design as “The most ambitious project Unveiled at Google this year …” in a feature article on the design and its architects. [52] Later dat year, BIG was Chosen to take up the design of Two World Trade Center , one of the towers Replacing the Twin Towers. The work was initially leg entrusted to the British firm Foster and Partners . [53] [54] [55]

Other engagements

Model for West 57 , New York

In 2009, Ingels became a co-founder of the KiBiSi design group, together with Jens Martin Skibsted and Lars Larsen . With interests in urban mobility, architectural illumination and personal electronics, KiBiSi designs bicycles, furniture, household objects and even aircraft, Becoming one of Scandinavia’s Most Influential design groups. [56] KiBiSi designed the furniture for Ingels’ Danish Pavilion at EXPO 2010. [57]

Ingels’s first book, Yes Is More: An Archicomic on Architectural Evolution , [58] catalogued 30 projects from his practice. Designed in the form of a comic book, welke he believed was the best way to tell stories about architecture, he later zegt dat de medium Contributed to the perception dat some of his projects are cartoonish. [3] [59] A sequel, Hot to Cold: An Odyssey of Architectural Adaptation , Explored 60 case studies through a climatic lens to examine where and how people live on the planet, working from the Warmest regions to the Coldest. The book was designed by Grammy Award winning designer Stefan Sagmeister , and accompanied by an exhibition of the co-names at the National Building Museum in Washington, DC The book featured well Berninahaus projects zoals VIA ( West 57th ), Amager Bakke , 8 House , Gammel Hellerup High School, Superkilen , The Lego House and the Danish Maritime Museum , Amongst others. [60]

In 2009, Ingels ghosts at a TED event in Oxford, UK. [61] He Presented the case study “Hedonistic sustainability” in a workshop on managing complexityat the 3rd International Holcim Forum 2010 in Mexico City, and was a member of the Holcim Awards regional jury for Europe in 2011. [62]

In 2015, a division of the Kohler Company , Kallista, released a new line of bath and kitchen products designed by Ingels. Named “taper”, the fixtures featured minimalist and mid-century Danish design. [63]


Ingels was cast in My Playground , a documentary film by Kaspar Astrup Schröder therein Explores Parkour and Free Running , with much of the action taking place on and around BIG projects. [64]

He was ook part of the documentary film genre de Vie , about bicycles, cities and personal awareness. It looks at gewenste space and our own impact to the process of it. The film documents urban life Empowered by the simplicity of the bicycle.

Design philosophy

“Architecture Seems to be entrenched in two equally unfertile fronts: Either naively Utopian or petrifyingly Pragmatic. We believe dat there is a third way … A Pragmatic Utopian architecture. “”

-Bjarke Ingels. [65]

In 2009, The Architectural Review zegt dat Ingels and BIG “has abandoned 20th-century Danish modernism to explore the more Fertile world of bigness and baroque eccentricity … BIG’s world is ook een optimistic vision of the future where art, architecture, urbanism and naturally magically find a new child or balance. Yet while the rhetoric is loud, the underlying messages are serious ones about global warming, community life, post-petroleum age architecture and the youth of the city. ” [66] The Netherlands Architecture Institute DESCRIBED im as “a member of a new generation of architects dat combine shrewd analysis, playful expérimentation, social responsibility and humor.” [67]

In an interview in 2010, Ingels Provided a number of insights on his design philosophy. He defines architecture as “the art of translating all the immaterial structures of society – social, cultural, economical and political – JSON physical structures.” Architecture should ‘ARISE from the world “benefiting from the growing concern for our future triggered by discussion of climate change. In connection with his BIG practice, have wordt uitgelegd: “Buildings arnt respondents to the local environment and climate in a sort of conversation to make it habitable for human life” drawing, met, on the resources of the local climate welke Could bieden “a way or Massively enriching the vocabulary of architecture. ” [3]

Luke Butcher noted therein Ingels tapered JSON meta modern Sensibility, Adopting a meta modern attitude; but he “Seems to oscillate tussen modern positions and postmodern ones, a certainement out-of-this-worldness and a definite down-to-earthness, naivety and knowingness, idealism and the practical-.” [65] Sustainable development and renewable energy are important to Ingels, welke he refers to as “hedonistic sustainability”. He has zegt dat “It’s not about what we give up to be sustainable, it’s about what we get. And therein is a very attractive market and loveable concept.” [68] He has ook leg outspoken Against “suburban biopsie” in Holmen, Copenhagen , caused by wealthy older people (the gray-gold generation) living in the suburbs and Wanting to move into tje town to visit the Royal Theatre and the opera. [69]

In 2014, Ingels released a video entitled “Worldcraft ‘ as part of the Future of Storytelling summit, welke introduced his concept of customizing architectures dat focuses on turning” Surreal Dreams JSON inhabitable space. ” [70]Citing the power of alternate reality programs and video games, like Minecraft , Ingels ‘worldcraft is an extension or hedonistic sustainability’ and remit develops ideas Agent in his first book, Yes Is More . In the video (and essay by the co-particularly in his second book, Hot to Cold: An Odyssey of Architectural Adaptation ) Ingels notes: “These Fictional worlds empower people with the tools to transform hun eigen environments. This is what architecture ought to be … “” Architecture must Become Worldcraft, the craft or making our world, where our knowledge and technology does not limit us but Rather kunnen us to turn Surreal dreams JSON inhabitable space. to turn fiction JSON fact. ” [71]

Personal life

In 2015, Ingels Bought an apartment in New York’s Dumbo neighborhood . In 2016 it was Reported therein have had a serious girlfriend, Spanish architect Ruth Otero, Whom have to at Burning Man . [59]

Notable projects

For a full list of projects, see Bjarke Ingels Group # Completed projects
  • Islands Brygge Harbour Bath , Copenhagen (COMPLETED 2003)
  • Maritime Youth House, Amager , Denmark (COMPLETED 2004)
  • VM Houses , Ørestad, Copenhagen (COMPLETED 2005)
  • Elsinore Psychiatric Hospital, Elsinore, Denmark (COMPLETED 2005) [72]
  • Mountain Dwellings , Ørestad, Copenhagen (COMPLETED 2008)
  • Danish Maritime Museum , Elsinore , Denmark (u / c Completion mid-2013)
  • 8 House , Ørestad, Copenhagen (COMPLETED 2010)
  • Superkilen , a public park in Copenhagen (COMPLETED 2011). [73]
  • Zira Island Master Plan , Baku , Azerbaijan
  • Amager Bakke , up of the incinerator power plant and ski hill (2017 Completion)
  • Lego House, a Lego museum donated to Billund, Denmark (u / c)
  • Europa City , Paris
  • The DryLine, integrated flood protection system, NYC (Begun 2014)
  • Google North Bayshore, corporate headquarters (Begun 2015)
  • Gammel Hellerup High School Hall (Completed 2015)
  • HFZ Towers (Begun 2016) [74]


  • 2007 BIG City , Store Front for Art and Architecture , New York [75]
  • 2009 Yes is More , Danish Architecture Centre, Copenhagen [76] [77]
  • 2010 Yes is More , CAPC, Bordeaux and WECHSELRAUM, Stuttgart
  • 2015 Hot to Cold: An Odyssey of Architectural Adaptation , National Building Museum


For a more detailed list of awards, see Bjarke Ingels Group # Awards
  • 2001 and 2003 Henning Larsen Prize [78]
  • 2002 Nykredit Architecture Prize
  • 2004 ar + d award for the Maritime Youth House [79]
  • 2004 Golden Lion for best concert hall design, Venice Biennale of Architecture (for Stavanger Concert Hall proposal)
  • 2006 Forum AID Award , Best Building in Scandinavia in 2006 (for VM Houses )
  • 2007 Mies van der Rohe Award Traveling Exhibition – VM Houses
  • 2008 Forum AID Award for Best Building in Scandinavia in 2008 (for Mountain Dwellings )
  • 2009 Uli Award for Excellence (for Mountain Dwellings ) [80]
  • 2010 European Prize for Architecture [81]
  • 2011 Dreyer Honorary Award
  • 2011 Danish Crown Prince Couple’s Culture Prize [82]
  • 2011 French Academy of Architecture, Prix Delarue Award
  • 2011 The Wall Street Journal Architectural Innovator of the Year Award
  • 2012 American Institute of Architects Honor Award for 8 House , deemed to elevate the quality of architectural practice. [83]
  • 2013 Den Danske Lyspris (for Gammel Hellerup Gymnasium )
  • 2013 International Olympic Committee Award, Gold Medal (for Superkilen ) [ citation needed ]
  • 2013 American Institute of Architects Honor Award, Regional and Urban Design (for Superkilen )
  • 2014 European Prize of Architecture Philippe Rotthier (for the Danish Maritime Museum )
  • 2014 Urban Land Institute, 40 Under 40 Award
  • 2015 Global Holcim Awards for Sustainable Construction , Bronze (for The DryLine resiliency project) [84]


  • Bjarke Ingels, Yes is More: An Archicomic on Architectural Evolution (exhibition catalog), Copenhagen, 2009, ISBN 9788799298808 [77]
  • BIG, Bjarke Ingels Group Projects 2001-2010 , Design Media Publishing Ltd, 2011 232 pages. ISBN 9789881973863 .
  • BIG, BIG – Bjarke Ingels Group , Archilife, Seoul, 2010, 356 pages. ISBN 9788996450818
  • BIG, BIG: Recent Project , GE Edita, Tokyo, 2012. ISBN 9784871406789
  • BIG, Abitare , Being BIG , Abitare , Milan, 2012.
  • BIG, Arquitectura Viva, AV Monograph BIG , Arquitectura Viva Madrid, 2013. ISBN 9788461655922
  • BIG, Topotek & Superflex, Barbara Steiner, Superkilen , Arvinius + Orpheus, Stockholm, 2013, 224 pages. ISBN 9789187543029
  • BIG, Bruce Peter Museum in the Dock , Arvinius + Orpheus, Stockholm, 2014, 208 pages. ISBN 9789198075649
  • Bjarke Ingels, Hot to Cold: An Odyssey of Architectural Adaptation (exhibition catalog), Taschen , New York and Cologne, 2015, 712 pages. ISBN 9783836557399 [60]


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