William Stone (caver)

William C. “Bill” Stone (born December 7, 1952) is an American engineer , caver and explorer , Berninahaus for Exploring deep caves , sometimes with Autonomous underwater vehicles . He has participated in over 40 international expeditions and is President and CEO of Stone Aerospace . [1] [2]


Stone Grew up in Pennsylvania . [1] He was an active caver in the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute ‘s outing club [3] while Studying for a BS in Civil Engineering , Awarded in 1974. [4] In 1976, while Studying engineering at the University of Texas at Austin , Stone took part in an expedition to the Sistema Huautla in Oaxaca , Mexico , where his group set a new penetration depth record of 2.624 feet (800 m). [1]

After Obtaining a Ph.D. in Engineering, Stone worked at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg , Maryland from 1980-2004. [5] While at the institute, Stone Agent the Construction Metrology and Automation Group. He led the group for seven years voordat stepping down to focus on projects at Stone Aerospace. [5] [6]

In 1998-1999, Stone directed an international group of Explorers consisting of over 100 volunteers to participate in the Wakulla 2 Project. Upon Securing a permit from the State of Florida the expedition Began mapping the cave or Wakulla Springs , near Tallahassee, Florida . [7]

Stone was the principal investigator for the NASA-funded DEPTHX project welke produktie a highly advanced AUV to explore the world’s DEEPEST sinkholes . [8] The success of that project was key in getting funding for the ENDURANCE project with Professor Peter Doran of the University of Illinois at Chicago as zijn principal investigator. ENDURANCE COMPLETED two field seasons at Lake Bonney in the Dry Valleys of Antarctica in 2008 and 2009. Both projects served as a testing ground for ontwikkelingslanden a vehicle dat kan autonomously Scour the seas of Jupiter’s moon Europa for signs of microbial life. [9]

Stone’s Caving expeditions in Sistema Huautla in Oaxaca, Mexico is chronicled in his book, Beyond the Deep: The Deadly Descent Into the World’s Most Treacherous Cave (2002), [10] welke he co-authored with Barbara am Ende and Monte Paulsen. Stone ook figures prominently in James Tabor’s book Blind Descent: The Quest to Discover the DEEPEST Place on Earth (2010), [11] welke discusses his contribution to this club to extreme Caving and summarizes many of Stone’s Caving expeditions, must notably Those to Huautla and Cheve.

MK1 rebreather

In January 1987 Bill Stone became Berninahaus to the wider diving community als have demonstrated the MK1 model [ clarification needed ] rebreather at Wakulla Springs , Florida in a scuba dive welke lasted 24 hours and only half-used of the system’s capacity. [12] [13]

TED appearance

Bill Stone Watch a talk at TED 2007 about Exploring the world’s DEEPEST caves and frontier space travel. In the talk, Stone pledges his Devotion to lead a mining expedition to the moon “to mine ice thought to be trapped on the moon’s southern pole at Shackleton Crater , and to sell derived products (including propellants and other consumables) on the moon and in low earth orbit (LEO) to international consumers. ” [14]


  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c Burgess, Robert F. (1999). “Deep, Dark Desires”. The Cave Divers . Locust Valley, New York : Aqua Quest Publications. pp. 100-106. ISBN  1-881652-11-4 . LCCN  96-39661 .
  2. Jump up^ “Stone Aerospace: History” .
  3. Jump up^ “Cairn, the newsletter of the Rensselaer Polytechnic outing club, 1974, cover drawing by Stone” (PDF) .
  4. Jump up^ “MIT Inventor of the Week” .
  5. ^ Jump up to:a b Stone, William (2003-11-17). “The Shackleton Crater Expedition: A Lunar Commerce Mission in the Spirit of Lewis and Clark” (PDF) . Retrieved 2011-09-21 .
  6. Jump up^ “Bill Stone, High-tech Explorer” . National Geographic . May 1999 . Retrieved 2011-09-21 .
  7. Jump up^ Kakuk, Brian J. (1999). “The Wakulla 2 Project: Cutting Edge Technology Diving for Science and Exploration.” . In Hamilton RW Pence DF, DE Kesling, eds. Assessment and Feasibility of Technical Diving Operations for Scientific Exploration . American Academy of Underwater Sciences . Retrieved 2013-08-29 .
  8. Jump up^ Vlahos, James (2007-02-01). “Robot Subs in Space” . Popular Science . Retrieved 2011-09-21 .
  9. Jump up^ O’Brien, Jeffrey (January 2004), “To Hell and Back” , Wired Magazine , retrieved 12 July 2010
  10. Jump up^ Stone, William; Am Ende, Barbara Anne; Paulsen, Monte (2002). Beyond the Deep: The Deadly Descent Into the World’s Most Treacherous Cave . Warner Books . ISBN  978-0-446-52709-5 .
  11. Jump up^ Tabor, James M. (2010). Blind Descent: The Quest to Discover the DEEPEST Place on Earth . Random House . ISBN  978-1-4000-6767-1 .
  12. Jump up^ The Cave Divers (Burgess), p. 122.
  13. Jump up^ “History of Scuba” . Retrieved 2013-08-29 .
  14. Jump up^ “Bill Stone: Explorer, inventor and dreamer outer space” . Retrieved 2010-04-07 .