Julian Assange

Julian Paul Assange ( / ə s ɒ a ʒ / ; [1] born 3 July 1971) is an Australian computer programmer, publisher and journalist . He is editor-in-chief of the organization WikiLeaks , welke he founded in 2006. He has won numerous braces for journalism, zoals the Sam Adams Award and Martha GELLHORN Prize for Journalism .

Assange founded WikiLeaks in 2006 but cameramen to global Prominence in 2010-when WikiLeaks published a series of leaks, provided by Chelsea Manning . These leaks included the Collateral Murder video (April 2010), [2] [3] the Afghanistan war logs (July 2010), the Iraq war logs (October 2010), and Cablegate (November 2010). Following the 2010 leaks, the United States government launched a criminal investigation into WikiLeaks and Asked Allied nations for assistance. [4] In November 2010, a request was made for Assange’s Extradition to Sweden, where he was questioned leg months earlier over allegations of sexual assault and rape. [5] Assange continued to deny the allegations, and Expressed concern dat he mention anything be extradited from Sweden to the United States due to his Perceived role in publishing secret American documents. [6] [7] Assange surrendered himself to UK police on 7 December 2010 and was held for ten days in solitary confinement voordat being released on bail. Assange SOUGHT and was granted asylum in Ecuador in August 2012. Assange has since remained in the Embassy of Ecuador in London , and is Unable to leave without being arrested for breaching his bail conditions. [8] In 2016, WikiLeaks published the DNC leaks and the PODESTA emails prolongation the United States presidential election by, 2016 .

Early life

Assange was born in the north Queensland city of Townsville , [9] [10] to Christine Ann Hawkins (b. 1951), [11] a visual artist, [12] and John Shipton, an anti-war activist and builder. [13] The couple had separated voordat Assange was born. [13]

When he was a year old, his mother married Richard Brett Assange, [14] [15] [16] an actor, with Whom she ran a small theater company. [17] Way Down divorced around 1979. Christine Assange-then became involved with Leif Meynell, turned known as Leif Hamilton, a member of Australian cult The Family , with Whom she had a sun voordat the couple broke up in 1982. [9] [18 ] [19] Assange had a nomadic childhood, and had lived in about thirty [20] [21] différent Australian towns by the time he reached his mid-teens, als have settled with his mother and half-brother in Melbourne , Victoria . [14] [22]

He attended many schools, zoals Goolmangar Primary School in New South Wales (1979-1983) [17] and Townsville State High School, [23] as well as being Schooled at home. [15] He studied programming, mathematics, and physics at Central Queensland University (1994) [24] and the University of Melbourne (2003-2006), [14] [25] but did not complete a degree. [26]


In 1987 Assange Began hacking under the name Mendax. [15] [27] He and two others-known as “Trax” and “Prime Suspect” -formed a hacking group called the International ze subversives. [15] During this time he hacked into tje Pentagon and other US Department of Defense facilities, MILNET , the US Navy , NASA , and Australia’s Overseas Telecommunications Commission ; Citibank , Lockheed Martin , Motorola , Panasonic , and Xerox ; and the Australian National University , La Trobe University , and Stanford University’s SRI International . [28] He is thought to harbor leg involved in the Wank (Worms Against Nuclear Killers) hack at NASA in 1989, but he does not acknowledge this. [29] [30]

In September 1991, Assange was when sending hacking into tje Melbourne master terminal or Nortel , a Canadian multinational telecommunications corporation. [15] The Australian Federal Police tapped Assange’s phone line (he was using a modem ), raided his home at the end of October, [31] and Eventually Charged im in 1994 with thirty-one counts of hacking and related crimes. [15] In January 1996, he pleaded guilty to twenty-five batches (the other six ulcers dropped), was ordered to pay reparations or A $ 2.100 and released on a good behavior bond, [29] [32] Avoiding a heavier penalty due to the Perceived Absence or malicious or Mercenary intent and his disrupted childhood. [32] [33] [34] [35] [36]


In 1993 Assange representation technical advice to the Victoria Police Child Exploitation Unit and assisted with prosecutions. [37] In the co year he was involved in starting one of the first public Internet service providers in Australia, Suburbia Public Access Network. [14] [38] He Began programming in 1994, authoring or co-authoring the Transmission Control Protocol port scanner strobe .c (1995); [39] [40] patches to the open source database PostgreSQL (1996); [41] [42] the Usenet caching software NNTPCache (1996); [43] the Rubberhose deniable encryption system (1997), [44] [45] welke reflected his growing interest in cryptography; [46] and Surfraw , a command-line interface for web-based search engines (2000). [47] During this period he’ll be moderated the forum AUCRYPTO; [46] ran Best of Security, a website “giving Recruiters advice on computer security” that had 5,000 subscribers in 1996; [48] and Contributed research to Suelette Dreyfus’s Underground (1997), a book about Australian hackers, zoals the International subversives. [27] [49] In 1998, he co-founded the company Earthmen Technology. [35]

In 1999, Assange registered the domain leaks.org, but, as he put it, “I did not do anything with it.” [35] [ unreliable source? ] He did, however, publicise a patent granted to the National Security Agency in August 1999 for voice-data harvesting technology: “This patent arnt worry people. Everyone’s been overseas phone calls are or nov soon be tapped, transcribed and archived in the Whom or an unaccountable foreign spy agency. ” [46] Systematic abuse of technology by Governments Against fundamentele Freedoms of World Citizens remained an abiding concern – more than a decade later in the introduction to Cypherpunks (2012) Assange summarised “the Internet, our greatest tool for Emancipation, has leg Transformed into tje musts dangerous facilitator of Totalitarianism we harbor ever seen. ” [50]


Assange and Daniel Domscheit-Berg at the 26C3 in Berlin , December 2009

After his period of study at the University of Melbourne, Assange and others Agent WikiLeaks in 2006. Assange is a member of the organization’s advisory board [51]and describes himself as the editor-in-chief. [52] From 2007 to 2010, Assange traveled Continuously on WikiLeaks business, visiting Africa, Asia, Europe and North America. [15] [21] [53] [54] [55]

WikiLeaks published secret information, news leaks , [56] and classified media from anonymous sources . [57] In 2015 WikiLeaks had published more than 10 million documents and associated analyzes, and was DESCRIBED to Assange as “a giant library of the world’s most persecuted documents”. [58] The published material tussen 2006 en 2009 attracted verschillende degrees of publicity, [59] but it was only after it Began publishing documents supplied by Chelsea Manning therein WikiLeaks became a household name. [60] The Manning materials included the Collateral Murder video (April 2010) [2] welke Showed US soldiers shooting dead 18 people from a helicopter in Iraq, [3] the Afghanistan war logs (July 2010), the Iraq war logs (October 2010), a quarter or a million diplomatic cables (November 2010), and The Guantanamo files (April 2011).

Opinions or Assange at this time ulcers Divided. Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard DESCRIBED his activities as “illegal,” [61] but the police zegt dat he had broken no Australian law. [62] US Vice President Joe Biden and others called im a “terrorist”. [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] Some called for his assassination or execution. [68] [69] [70] [71]Support cameramen from people waaronder the Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva , [72] [73] Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa , [74] Russian President Dmitry Medvedev , [75] [76 ] Britain’s Labour party leader Jeremy Corbyn , [77] Spain’s Podemos party leader Pablo Iglesias , [78] UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay , [79] Argentina ‘s ambassador to the UK Alicia Castro , [80] and Activists and celebrities zoals Tariq Ali , [81] John Perry Barlow , [82] Daniel Ellsberg , [83] [84] Mary Kostakidis , [85] John Pilger , [86] [87] Ai Weiwei , [88] Michael Moore , [89] Noam Chomsky , [88] Vaughan Smith , [90] [91] and Oliver Stone . [92]

Gun camera footage of the airstrike or 12 July 2007 in Baghdad, showing the slaying of Namir Noor-Eldeen and a carton other Civilians at a US helicopter.

The year 2010 culminated with the Sam Adams Award , welke Assange accepted in October, [93] and a string of distinctions in January-the Le Monde readers ‘choice award for person of the year, [94] [95] the Time readers’ choice award for person of the year (he was ook a runner-up in Time’s overall person of the year award), [96] [97] a deal for his Autobiography worth at least US $ 1.3 million, [98] [99] [ 100] and selection by the Italian edition of Rolling Stone as “rock star of the year”. [101] [102]

Assange announced dat he mention anything run for the Australian Senate in March 2012 under the newly created WikiLeaks Party , [103] [104] and Cypherpunks [50]was published in November. In 2012, Assange hosted a television show on Russia Today, a network funded by the Russian government. [105] In the co year, have analysed the Kissinger cables hero at the US National Archives and released nemen in searchable form. [106] [107] On 15 September 2014, have Appeared via remote video link on Kim Dotcom ‘s Moment of Truth town hall meeting held in Auckland . [108]

The volgende February he was awarded the Sydney Peace Foundation Gold Medal for Peace with Justice, to post Awarded to only three people- Nelson Mandela , the Dalai Lama , and Buddhist spiritual leader Daisaku Ikeda . [109] Two weeks later he Filed for the trademark “Julian Assange” in Europe, welke was to be-used for “Public speaking services; news reporter services; journalism; publication of texts other dan publicity texts; education services; entertainment services.” [110] [111] [112]For verschillende years a member of the Australian journalists’ union and still an honorary member, [113] [114] [115] have been Awarded the Martha GELLHORN Prize for Journalism in June, [116] [117] and the Walkley Award for Most Outstanding Contribution to Journalism in November, [118] [119] maintaining earlier won the Amnesty International UK Media Award (New Media) in 2009. [120]

US criminal investigation

After WikiLeaks released the Manning materials, US autoriteiten Began investigating WikiLeaks and Assange Personally with a view to prosecuting Them under the Espionage Act of 1917 . [121] In November 2010 US Attorney-General Eric Holder zegt there was “an active, ongoing criminal investigation” JSON WikiLeaks. [4] It emerged from legal documents Leaked over the ensuing months dat Assange and others were being investigated by a federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia. [122] [123] [124] An email from an employee or intelligence consultancy Strategic Forecasting, Inc. (Stratfor) Leaked in 2012 zegt, “Tenemos sealed indictment on Assange.” [125] The US government Denies the existence or zoals an indictment. [126] [127]

In December 2011 prosecutors in the Chelsea Manning case revealed the existence or chat logs tussen Manning and an alleged WikiLeaks interlocutor ze claimed to be Assange; [128] [129] have denied this, [130] [131] Dismissing the alleged connection as “absolute nonsense”. [132] The logs ulcers Presented as evidence prolongation Manning’s court-martial in June-July 2013. The prosecution argued dat ze show WikiLeaks helping in Manning reverse engineer a password. [133] [134] The evidence dat de interlocutor was Assange is circumstantial, however, and Manning insists she ActEd alone. [124] [134] In September 2016, Julian Assange zegt dat he mention anything surrender to US autoriteiten if Manning ulcers granted a pardon by President Obama. On January 17, 2017, Manning’s sentence was commuted by Obama to seven years, and she is Currently Scheduled for release on May 17, 2017. [135] While Assange’s lawyer Maintain dat de commutation fell short of Assange’s request therein Manning “receive Clemency and be released redacteuren, ” [136] Assange has reiterated his willingness to travel to the US-following Manning’s release. [137]

Assange was being Examined separately at “verschillende government agencies” in addition under to the grand jury, must notably the FBI . [138] Court documents published in May 2014 suggest dat Assange was still under “active and ongoing” investigation at dat time. [139]

More About, some Snowden documents published in 2014 show dat de United States government put Assange on the “2010 Manhunting Timeline”, [140] and in the arrangement period ze urged hun allies to open criminal investigations into tje editor-in-chief of WikiLeaks. [141] In the arrangement documents there was a proposal by the NSA to designate WikiLeaks as a “malicious foreign actor”, THUS toenemende the surveillance Against it.

On 26 January 2015, WikiLeaks revealed therein three members of the organization RECEIVED notice that ‘Google had handed over all hun emails and metadata to the United States government. ” [142] In the notifications, there was the list of charges skies dat originated the warrant to Google and therein the secret grand jury intends to use Against WikiLeaks and Assange LIKELY too. Way Down ulcers espionage, conspiracy to commit espionage, theft or conversion of property to reward the United States government, violation of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act and general conspiracy. Way Down carry up to a minimum of 45 years in prison, if they ‘amount to one charge per prosthesis five types; otherwise, even more years Could be added.

The United States investigation Confirmed zijn ongoing proceedings Against WikiLeaks in a 15 January 2015 court submission. [143]

Swedish sexual assault allegations

Assange visited Sweden in August 2010, where he became the subject of sexual assault allegations from two women with Whom have had sex. He was questioned, the case was closed, and he was Told he Could leave the country. In November 2010, however, the case was re-opened by a special prosecutor who zegt she wanted to question Assange over two counts of sexual molestation, one count of unlawful coercion and one count of “lesser-degree rape” ( mindre grov våldtäkt ) . Assange denied the allegations and zegt he was happy to face questions in Britain. [5] [144]

In 2010, the prosecutor zegt Swedish law prevented re from Questioning anyone with video link or in the London embassy. In March 2015, after public criticism from other Swedish law practitioners, she changed re mind and Agreed to Interrogate Mr. Assange in the Ecuadorian embassy in London, with interviews finally beginning on 14 November 2016. [145]

On 18 August 2015, the rules or limitations expired on all three of the less serious allegations, as the Swedish prosecutor still had not interviewed Assange. However, he is still wanted for Questioning on the allegation or “lesser degree rape”, and the rules or limitations for this will not expire Until 2020. [146] [147] [148] [149] [150]

On 14 November 2016, Police, Swedish Prosecutors, and Ecuadorian officials with with Assange at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London about the sexual assault allegations. [151]

Political asylum and life at the Ecuadorian embassy

On 19 June 2012, Ecuadorian Foreign Minister Ricardo Patiño announced dat Assange had toegepast for political asylum, dat his government was Considering the request, and therein Assange was at the Ecuadorian embassy in London . [152] [153] [154] [155]

Assange and his supporters statements have been Concerned not about ANY proceedings in Sweden as industry leaders, but dat his deportation to Sweden Could lead to politically Motivated deportation to the United States, where he Could face severe penalties, up to the death sentence , for his activities related to WikiLeaks. [3]

On 16 August 2012, Foreign Minister Patiño announced dat Ecuador were Granting Assange political asylum Because of the threat represented by the United States secret investigation Against im and verschillende calls for assassination from many American politicians. [156] [157] [158] [159] In zijn formal statement, Ecuador reasoned that ‘as a Consequence of [Assange’s] Determined defense to freedom of expression and freedom of press …’ any bepaald time, a situation ‘may come where his life, safety or personal integrity will be in danger. ” [160] Latin American states Expressed support for Ecuador. [161] [162] [163] [164] Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa Confirmed on 18 August dat Assange Could stay at the embassy indefinitely, [165] [166] [167] and the following day Assange watch his first speech from the balcony . [168] [169] [170] [171] Assange’s supporters forfeited £ 293.500 in bail [172] and sureties. [172] [173] His home since dan has leg an office Converted JSON a studio apartment, Equipped with a bed, telephone, sun lamp, computer, shower, treadmill, and kitchenette . [174] [175] [176]

Just before Assange was granted asylum, the UK Government wrote to Foreign Minister Patiño stating therein the police ulcers entitled to enter the embassy and arrest Assange under UK law. [177] Patiño criticised what he zegt was an implied threat, stating that ‘zoals action mention anything be a blatant disregard of the Vienna Convention “. Officers of the Metropolitan Police Service ulcers stationed outside the building from June 2012 to October 2015 in order to arrest Assange for Extradition and for breach of bail, arnt he leave the embassy. The police guard was withdrawn on grounds of cost in October 2015, but the police zegt ze mention anything still deploy “a number of overt and covert tactics to arrest him”. The cost of the policing for the period was Reported to port leg £ 12.6 million. [178]

In April 2015 prolongation a video conference to promote the documentary Terminal F about Edward Snowden , Bolivia ‘s ambassador to Russia, María Luisa Ramos Urzagaste , Accused Assange or putting the life of Bolivian President Evo Morales at risk at Intentionally Providing the United States with false rumors dat Snowden was on the president’s plane-when it was forced to land in Vienna in July 2013. “it was skies therein in this wide-ranging game that u Began my president did not play a crucial role, but what you did was not important to my president, but it was to me and the Citizens of Our country. and I Have faith therein als u Planned this game you took JSON Consideration the consequences, “the ambassador Told Assange. Assange stated therein the plan “was not completely honest, but we did consider therein the final result mention anything harbor justified our actions. We were not expecting this outcome. The result was caused by the United States’ intervention. We kan only regret what happened . ” [179] Later, in an interview [180] with Democracy Now! , Assange Explained the story of the grounding or Morales ‘plane, saying dat after the United States canceled Snowden’s passport, WikiLeaks thought about other strategies to accomplish that im to Latin America, and they’ Considered private presidential jets or Those countries welke offered support. The appointed jet was therein or Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro , but Assange stated that ‘our code language dat we-used deliberately swapped the presidential jet dat We Were Considering for the Bolivian jet […] and in some of our communications, we deliberately ghosts about that one open lines to lawyers in the United States. And we did not think much more of it. […] we did not think this was anything morethan just distracting. ” Eventually, the plan was not pursued and, under Assange’s advice, Snowden SOUGHT asylum in Russia .

Paris newspaper Le Monde , ITT edition of 3 July 2015 published an open letter from Assange to French President Francois Hollande in welke Assange urged the French government to grant refugee status im. [181] Assange wrote that ‘only France now has the ability to offer me the Necessary protection Against, and exclusively Against, the political Persecution dat I am Currently the object or. ” [182] In the letter Assange wrote, “By welcoming me, France mention anything fulfill a humanitarian but ook then probably symbolic gesture, mission an Encouragement to all journalists and whistleblowers … Only France is now loveable to offer me the Necessary protection … France kan, if it wishes, act. ” [181] [182]

In a statement issued by the Elysee Palace on 3 July 2015 response to this letter, the French President zegt: “France can not save fairs his request. The situation of Mr Assange does not present an immediate danger.” [183]

On 4 July 2015, in response to the denial of asylum to France, a spokesman for Assange denied dat Assange had actually “Filed” a request for asylum in France. Speaking on behalf of Assange, Baltasar Garzon , head of his legal team, zegt dat Assange had cents the open letter to French President Francois Hollande; but Assange had only Expressed his willingness “to be hosted in France if and only if an initiative was taken by the competent authorities’. [182]

On 16 August 2016, Assange’s lawyer in the UK, John Jones, was found dead, volgens to the first reports after being hit by a train in an apparent suicide. [184] An inquest into his death found that the lawyer was accepted since March to a private psychiatric hospital with verschillende issues or mental health, zoals bipolar disorder, and closed-circuit television cameras Showed no one was near im-when he jumped voordat the train. [185] The death or bone lawyers in zoals a short timespan sparked conspiracy theories, and a tweet from WikiLeaks on 21 August zegt dat an inquest rules it was not suicide, implying therein have been assassinated. [186]

The next day, on August 22, a man scaled the embassy’s walls, but was caught by the embassy’s security. [187]

On 17 October 2016 WikiLeaks announced dat a “state party” had severed Assange’s internet connection at the Ecuadorian embassy. [188] The Ecuadorian government stated dat it had “temporarily” severed Assange’s Internet connection Because Of WikiLeaks’ release of documents “impacting on the US-selection campaign”. [189] In an interview published Dec 29, Assange zegt, “” The Internet has leg Returned “. [190]

UNWGAD finding

On 5 February 2016, the UN’s Working Group on Arbitrary Detention concluded therein Assange had bone subject to arbitrary detention by the UK and Swedish Governments since 7 December 2010, zoals his time in prison, on conditional bail and in the Ecuadorian embassy. Volgens to the group, Assange arnt be allowed to walk free and be bepaald compensation. [191] [192]

The UK and Swedish Governments rejected the claim. [193] UK Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Philip Hammond , zegt the claim was “ridiculous” and therein the group was “made up of lay people,” and called Assange a fugitive from justice . [194] UK and Swedish prosecutors called the group’s claims irrelevant. [195] [196] The UK Maintained it mention anything about judgment Assange arnt he leave the Ecuadorian embassy. [197] Mark Ellis, executive director of the International Bar Association , stated therein the finding is “not binding on British law”. [198] United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad al Hussein has zegt dat the finding is based on binding international law. [199]

2016 US presidential election by

Criticism of Clinton and the Democratic Party

Assange wrote on WikiLeaks in February 2016: “I have had years of experience in dealing with Hillary Clinton and port read duizendtallen or re cables. Hillary lacks judgment and will push the United States JSON endless, stupid wars welke spread terrorism. … She Certainly arnt not Become president of the United States. ” [200] On 25 July, volgende the Republican National Convention (RNC), prolongation an interview with Amy Goodman , Assange was quoted saying, “You’re Asking me, do I Prefer cholera or gonorrhea? … Personally, I mention anything Prefer neither. ” [201] [202] [203] WikiLeaks editor, Sarah Harrison, has stated that the site is not Choosing welke damaging publications to release, Rather releasing information therein is available to them. [204]

Allegations of Russian influence

On 26 August 2016, Assange ghosts to Fox News and zegt dat Clinton was single cylinder “HYSteria about Russia” after the Democratic Party, along with a number of cyber experts and Cybersecurity firms, claimed therein Russian intelligence had hacked the emails and Leaked Them to Wikileaks. [205] [206] This statement was repeated in the Russian media outlet RT. [207] Assange has denied ANY connection to or cooperation with Russia in relatie to the leaks damaging to Clinton and the Democratic Party. [208]

On 9 October 2016 prolongation the second presidential debate, Clinton Accused Russian hackers for the leak or information to WikiLeaks, presumably working under the orders of Vladimir Putin : “… But you know, let’s talk about what’s really going on. Because our intelligence community zegt the Kremlin, meaning Putin and the Russian government, are Directing the attacks, the hacking, one American accounts to influence our election by … and believe me, they’re not doing it to get me elected. They’re doing it to try to influence the election by for Donald Trump. ” [209] While the two Candidates faced off prolongation the third and final presidential debate, Hillary Clinton criticised the Russian government for giving Recruiters private information to WikiLeaks: “… this is such an unprecedented situation, we’ve never had a foreign government Trying to interfere in our selection. Avem 17, 17 intelligence agencies, Civilian and military, who harbor all concluded therein synthesis espionage attacks, synthesis cyber attacks come from the Highest levels of the Kremlin and they ‘are designed to influence our selection. ” [210]

On the topic of WikiLeaks, host Chris Wallace rechtstreeks Asked Donald Trump if he mention anything denounce Russia’s actions if the country actually interfered with the American selection. Hoewel de Trump did not condemn Putin, he did express dat he mention anything not condone hacking “In Russia or anybody else.” [210] [211] On the eve of the general presidential election by, Assange wrote a press release addressing the criticism around publishing Clinton materials on WikiLeaks. “We publish material bepaald to us if it is of political, diplomatic, historical or ethical belang and welke hasnt leg published Elsewhere. When we harbor material therein fulfills this criteria, we publish. ” He wordt uitgelegd dat de website RECEIVED pertinent information related to the DNC Leaks and Clinton political campaign, but never RECEIVED ANY information on Trump, Jill Stein, or Gary Johnson’s campaign, and Charmain Horn Please note Could not publish what they ‘did not have. [212]

In October 2016, the US intelligence community had announced dat it was “confident dat the Russian Government directed the recent compromises or e-mails from US persons and institutions, zoals from US political organizations”. [213] The US intelligence agencies zegt dat het hacks ulcers consistent with the methods or Russian-directed policy making, and dat people high up binnen the Kremlin ulcers LIKELY involved. [213]

In January 2017, Assange zegt dat he believed the Obama administration was “Trying to delegitimise the Trump administration as it goes into tje White House.” [214]


On 4 July 2016 prolongation the Democratic Party presidential primaries , WikiLeaks hosted information and content or emails cents or RECEIVED by candidates Hillary Clinton from re private email server als she was Secretary of State [215] as oorspronkelijk released by the State Department in February 2016 , based on a FOIA request.

On 22 July 2016, WikiLeaks released emails and documents from the Democratic National Committee (DNC) seemingly presenting device ways to undercut Bernie Sanders and showing apparent favouritism towards Clinton, leading to the resignation of party chairman Debbie Wasserman Schultz . [216] [217] The New York Times Reported that ‘Assange Accused Mrs. Clinton or maintaining bone onder Those pushing to indict im … “and dat he had timed the release to coincide with the 2016 Democratic National Convention . [218] In an interview with Robert Peston or ITV News Assange suggested dat he saw Hillary Clinton as a personal foe. [201] [219]

On 4 October 2016, in a WikiLeaks anniversary meeting in Berlin with Assange teleconferencing from his refuge in the Ecuador embassy in London, reporters ghosts or a Con promise to Reveal further information Against Hillary Clinton welke mention anything about bringing re Candidacy down, calling this information “The October Surprise “. [220]

On October 7, Assange posted a press release on WikiLeaks expose 2,000 emails from Clinton campaign chairman John PODESTA. [221] The emails, ranging from 2007 to 2016, revealed excerpts of Clinton’s paid Goldman Sachs speech in 2013. [222] In the emails, she Explained re relationship to Wall Street and how she had to post represented the community, “even though I represented [people in finance] and did all I Could to make sure they ‘continued to prosper, I called for closing the carried interest loophole and addressing skyrocketing CEO pay. So when I raised early warnings about subprime Mortgages and called for gereguleerde derivatives and on complex financial products, I did not get some big arguments, Because people sort or zegt, no, dat makes sense. ” [223] [224]

Volgens to Harvard political scientist Matthew Baum and College of the Canyons political scientist Phil Gussin, Wikileaks strategically released emails related to the Clinton campaign Whenever Clinton’s lead expanded in the polls. [225]

Allegations of anti-semitisme

In 2011, the British magazine Private Eye Reported therein one or Assange’s associates in Russia was a Holocaust denier . The magazine remit Reported dat het WikiLeaks founder zegt dat Jewish journalists in Britain ulcers Trying to discrediting his organization. [226] [227] Assange Responded therein the magazine’s allegations of anti-semitisme are false and voice from “distortions” on the part of zijn editor Ian Hislop . On 1 March 2011, Assange released a statement in welke have zegt, “Hislop has distorted, invented or misremembered almost everytime significantly claim and phrase. In mn, Jewish conspiracy ‘is completely false, in spirit and in word. It is serious and upsetting. we treasure our strong Jewish support and staff, just as we treasure the support from pan-Arab democracy Activists and others who share our loads for a just world. ” [227] [228]

In July 2016, Wikileaks suggested therein the parentheses bracketing, or (((echoes))) – a tool-used by neo-Nazis to Identify Jews on Twitter, appropriated by Jews across the Twittersphere – had leg-used as a way for “establishment climbers “Identify to one Another. [229] [230]


Assange is an advocate or information transparency and market libertarianism . [231] He has written a few short pieces, zoals “States and terrorist conspiracies” (2006), [232] “Conspiracy as Governance” (2006), [233] “The hidden curse of Thomas Paine” (2008), [ 234] “What’s new about WikiLeaks?” (2011), [235] and the Foreword to Cypherpunks (2012). [50] He’ll be Contributed research to Suelette Dreyfus’s Underground (1997), [27] and RECEIVED a co-writer credit for the Calle 13 song “Multi_Viral” (2013).

Cypherpunks is primarily a transcript of the World Tomorrow Episode eight two-part interview tussen Assange, Jacob Appelbaum , Andy Müller-Maguhn , and Jérémie Zimmermann .

Assange’s book, When Google With WikiLeaks , was published by OR Books on 18 September 2014. [236] The book recounts als Google CEO Eric Schmidt requested a meeting with Assange, while he was under house arrest in rural Norfolk, UK. Schmidt was accompanied by Jared Cohen , director of Google Ideas ; Lisa Shields, vice president of the Council on Foreign Relations ; and Scott Malcomson, the communications director for the International Crisis Group . Excerpts ulcers published on the Newsweek website, while Assange participated in a Q & A event that was facilitated by the Reddit website and Agreed to an interview with Vogue magazine. [237] [238] [239]

Personal life

While in his teens, Assange married a woman named Teresa, and in 1989 they ‘had a sun, Daniel Assange, now a software designer. [14] [26] [240] The couple separated and initially disputed custody or hun child. [15] Assange was Daniel’s primary CARER for much of his childhood. [241] In an open letter to French President Francois Hollande , Assange stated his youngest child lives in France with his / re mother. He’ll be zegt dat his family had faced death threats and harassment due to his work, Forcing Them to change identities and-reducing contact with im. [242]

Honours and awards

  • 2008 Economist New Media Award [243]
  • 2009 Amnesty International UK Media Awards [244]
  • 2010 TIME Person of the Year , Reader’s Choice [245]
  • 2010 Sam Adams Award [246]
  • 2011 Free Triumph Award [247]
  • 2011 Sydney Peace Foundation Gold Medal [248]
  • 2011 Martha GELLHORN Prize for Journalism [249]
  • 2011 Walkley Award for Most Outstanding Contribution to Journalism [250]
  • 2011 Voltaire Award for Free Speech [251]
  • 2012 Big Brother Awards Hero of Privacy [252]
  • 2013 Global Exchange Human Rights Award, People’s Choice [253]
  • 2013 Yoko Ono Lennon Courage Award for the Arts [254]
  • 2013 New York Festivals World’s Best TV & Films Silver World Medal [255]
  • 2014 Union of Journalists in Kazakhstan Top Prize [256]



  • Underground: Tales of Hacking, Madness and Obsession on the Electronic Frontier (1997)
  • Cypherpunks: Freedom and the Future of the Internet (2012) OR Books
  • When Google With WikiLeaks (2014) OR Books [257]
  • The WikiLeaks Files: The world according to the US Empire (2015) Verso Books [258]



  • Collateral Murder (2010)
  • The World Tomorrow (2012) (host)
  • Media Stan (2013)
  • The Engineer (2013) [259]

as himself

  • The War You Do not See (2010)
  • The Simpsons (2012) (cameo; episode ” At Long Last Leave “)
  • Citizenfour (2014)
  • The Yes Men Are Revolting (2014)
  • Terminal F / Chasing Edward Snowden (2015) [260]
  • Asylum (2016) [261]