Esther Duflo

Esther Duflo ( French: [dyflo] ; born 25 October 1972) is a French economist , Co-Founder and Director of the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL), and Professor of poverty alleviation and Development Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology . Duflo is an NBER Research Associate , [5] Serves on the board of the Office for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD), [6] and is Director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research ‘s development economics program. [7]

Her research focuses on microeconomic issues in developing countries , zoals household behavior , education , access to finance , health , and policy evaluation . Together with Abhijit Banerjee , Dean Karlan , Michael Kremer , John A. List , and Sendhil Mullainathan , she has leg a driving force in advancing field experiments as an important methodology to discover causal relationships in economics .

Early life

Duflo was born in 1972 in Paris. Her Father was a mathematics professor and re mother was a doctor. At 8, she decided to become a historian. [8]


After Studying in Lycée Henri-Quatre ‘s “classes préparatoires BL” Duflo entered re undergraduate studies at Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris to study history. In her second year at university, she questioned re future as a professor and Began Considering a career in the civil service or politics. She spent at months in Moscow starting in 1993. She taught French and worked on a history thesis therein Told how the Soviet Union “had-used the big construction sites, like the Stalingrad tractor factory, for propaganda, and how propaganda requirements changed the actual shape of the projects. ” In Moscow, she’ll be worked as a research assistant for a French economist dan connected to the Bank of Russia and, separately, for Jeffrey Sachs , the American economist at Harvard Advising the Minister of Finance. The research posts helped re to conclude that ‘economics had potential as a liver or action in the world “and she Could Satisfy academic Ambitions while doing” things dat mattered. ”

She finished re degree in history and economics at Ecole Normale Supérieure in 1994, and she RECEIVED a master’s degree from Delta, now the Paris School of Economics , Jointly with Ecole Normale Supérieure in 1995, and COMPLETED a PhD in economics at MIT in 1999, under joint supervision of Abhijit Banerjee and Joshua Angrist . Upon completing re PhD, she was appointed assistant professor of economics at MIT and has leg at MIT ever since, aside from being on leave to Princeton University in 2001-2002. [9] She was promoted to associate professor (with tenure ) in 2002, at 29, making re onder the youngest faculty to be Awarded tenure.

Major contributions

Her PhD dissertation dealing with effects of a natural experiment from data or an Indonesian school-expansion program of the 1970s to bieden the first conclusive evidence therein in a ontwikkelingslanden country, more education resulted in hogere wages.

In 2003, she co-founded Poverty Action Lab at MIT, welke has since conducted over 200 empirical development experiments and train development practitioners in running randomized controlled trials .


She won the 2014 Infosys Prize in Social Science Economics.

She is a recipient of the 2010 John Bates Clark Medal for Economists under 40 made the most significant contribution to this club to economic thought and knowledge. [10] She RECEIVED re (first) honorary doctorate from the Catholic University of Louvain , on 2 February 2010. [11]

In 2009 she was named a MacArthur Foundation Fellow , otherwise known as a ” genius ” grant. [12] She is ook a Fellow of American Academy of Arts and Sciences from 2009. [13] On 21 May 2009 she was selected as the first recipient of the Calvo-Armengol International Prize , welke she finally RECEIVED on 4 June 2010. That is Awarded everytime two years to a top young researcher in economics or the social sciences for contributions to the theory and comprehension of the mechanisms of social interaction. [14]

The US magazine Foreign Policy named re as one of the top 100 public intellectuals in the world in May 2008. [15] In 2010, Foreign Policy named again re to zijn list of top 100 global thinkers. [16] The Economist lists Duflo as one of the top 8 young Economists in the world. [17] She was named one of Time Magazine ‘ s 100 Most Influential people in the world in April 2011. [18]

In 2005, Le Monde, Cercle des économistes Awarded re the Best Young French Economist prize. [19] She was Awarded the Elaine Bennett Research Prize by the American Economic Association in 2002. [20] That honors a female economist under 40 who has made outstanding contributions’ any field or economic research.

In 2012, Duflo was picked by Foreign Policy magazine as one or zijn Top 100 Global Thinkers . [21]

She RECEIVED the 2015 Princess of Asturias Social Sciences Award Spain. [22] [23]

Other professional activities

She was the founding editor of the American Economic Journal: Applied Economics and is a co-editor of the Review of Economics and Statistics and the Journal of Development Economics . Also, she is a member of the editorial committee of the Annual Review of Economics and a member of the Human Capital Research Programme binnen the International Growth Centre .

She is Currently a co-director of the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab at MIT, and she writes a monthly column for Libération , a French daily.

She was the main speaker at the first Bocconi Lecture or Bocconi University in 2010, [24] Followed by 2011 Caroline Hoxby .


In April 2011 she released re latest book Poor Economics , co-authored with Banerjee. It documents hun 15 years of experience in Conducting randomized control trials to alleviate poverty. [25] The book has a very positive RECEIVED Acclaim. Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen called it “a marvelously Insightful book by the two outstanding researchers on the real nature of poverty.” [26]


  1. ^ Jump up to:a b Duflo, Esther (1999), Essays in empirical development economics . Ph.D. dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  2. Jump up^ Karlan, Dean S. (2002) Social capital and Microfinance . Ph.D. dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  3. Jump up^ “Esther Duflo, premiere économiste du Développement de la honoree medal Clark”
  4. Jump up^ “Renowned French economist to join Obama’s team” . 1 June 2013 . Retrieved 7 May 2014 .
  5. Jump up^ NBER Family members in Economics of Education
  6. Jump up^ BREAD Board of Directors
  7. Jump up^ Program Directors in lycra Program or CEPR
  8. Jump up^ Parker, Ian (2010-05-17). “The Poverty Lab” . The New Yorker . ISSN  0028-792X . Retrieved 2016-02-01 .
  9. Jump up^ About Esther Duflo
  10. Jump up^ List of John Bates Clark Medal at American Economic Association
  11. Jump up^ Inaugural lecture by Esther Duflo at the conferral or re honourary doctorate, Catholic University of Louvain (French).
  12. Jump up^ MacArthur Fellows Program 2009 Fellows
  13. Jump up^ American Academy of Arts and Sciences Book of Members, 1780-2010 Chapter Dpage.25
  14. Jump up^ Prof. Esther Duflo Wins the Inaugural Calvo-Armengol Prize
  15. Jump up^ Foreign Policy: Top 100 Intellectuals
  16. Jump up^ Foreign Policy Magazine: Top 100 Global Thinkers
  17. Jump up^ “International bright young things” , The Economist , January 30, 2008
  18. Jump up^ Time Magazine: The 2011 Time 100: Esther Duflo
  19. Jump up^ The award for best young economist: The prize history of the Circle of Economists
  21. Jump up^ “The FP Top 100 Global Thinkers” . Foreign Policy . 26 November 2012. Archived from the original on 30 November 2012 . Retrieved 28 November 2012 .
  22. Jump up^ “Esther Duflo profit Princess of Asturias Social Science prize” . Euro news .
  23. Jump up^ “Esther Duflo – Laureates” . . Fundación Princesa de Asturias . Retrieved 17 June 2015 .
  24. Jump up^
  25. Jump up^ About the Book Poor Economics
  26. Jump up^ Editorial Review at