Elon Musk

Elon Musk Reeve ( / i l ɒ a m ʌ s k / ; born June 28, 1971) is a South African-born Canadian-American business magnates , investor , [9] [10] engineer , [11] and inventor . [12] [13] [14] [15]

He is the founder, CEO and CTO of SpaceX ; co-founder, CEO and product architect or Tesla Inc. ; co-founder and chairman of SolarCity ; co-chairman of OpenAI ; co-founder of Zip2 ; and founder of X.com welke merged with PayPal or Confinity . [16] [17] [18] [19] As of June 2016, he has an Estimated net worth or US $ 11.5 billion, making the im 83RD wealthiest person in the world. [20] In January 2016, Musk was ranked 21st on Forbes list of The World’s Most Powerful People . [21]

Musk has stated therein the goals of SolarCity, Tesla and SpaceX revolve around his vision to change the world and humanity. [22] His goals include Reducing global warming through sustainable energy production and consumption, and Reducing the “risk of human extinction ” by “making life multiplanetary” [23] [24] by setting up a human colony on Mars .

In addition under to his primary business pursuits, he has ook envisioned a high-speed transportation system known as the Hyperloop , and has a Proposed VTOL supersonic jet aircraft with electric fan propulsion , known as the Musk electric jet . [25] [26]

Early life

Early childhood

Musk was born on June 28, 1971 in Pretoria , Transvaal, South Africa, [27] the sun or Maye Musk ( nee Haldeman), a model and dietician from Regina , Saskatchewan , Canada; [28]and Errol Musk, a South African-born electromechanical engineer . He has a Younger Brother, Kimbal (born 1972), and a Younger sister, Tosca (born 1974). [28] [29] [30] [31] His paternal grandmother was British, and he’ll be has Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry. [32] [33] After his parents divorced in 1980, Musk lived mostly with his Father in locations in South Africa. [32]

At age 10, he developed an interest in computing with the Commodore VIC-20 . [34] He taught himself computer programming and at age 12, sold the code for a BASIC -based video game he created called Blastar to a magazine called PC and Office Technology for ongeveer US $ 500. [35] [36] A web version of the game available online. [35] [37]

Musk was severely bullied Throughout his childhood, and was once hospitalized als a group of boys threw im down a flight of stairs and beat-then im Until he lost consciousness . [38]

Musk was initially educated at private schools, Attending the English-speaking Waterkloof House Preparatory School . Musk later graduated from Pretoria Boys High School and moved to Canada in June 1989, just before his 18th  birthday, [39] after Obtaining Canadian citizenship through his Canadian-born mother. [40] [41]


At the age of 19, Musk was accepted JSON Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario , for undergraduate study. In 1992, after spending two years at Queen’s University, Musk Transferred to the University of Pennsylvania , where, at the age of 24, he RECEIVED a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from zijn College of Arts and Sciences, and a Bachelor of Science degree in economics from zijn Wharton School of Business . Musk extended his studies for one year to finish the second bachelor’s degree. [42] While at the University of Pennsylvania, Musk and fellow Penn student Adeo Ressi rented a 10-bedroom Fraternity house, using it as an Unofficial nightclub . [38]

In 1995, at age 24, Musk moved to California to start a PhD in Applied Physics and materials science at Stanford University , but left the program after two days to Pursue his entrepreneurial aspirations in the areas of the Internet, renewable energy and outer space . [36] [43] In 2002, he became a US citizen. [44] [45]



Main article: Zip2

In 1995, Musk and his brother, Kimbal , started Zip2 , a web software company, with US $ 28,000 or hun Father’s money. [38] The company developed and for customer an Internet “city guide” for the newspaper publishing industry. [46] Musk obtained contracts with the New York Times and the Chicago Tribune [47] and persuaded the board of directors to abandon plans for a merger with Citysearch . [48] While at Zip2, Musk wanted to Become CEO; however, none of the board members mention anything about it allow directive. [38] Compaq acquired Zip2 for US $ 307  million in cash and US $ 34  million in stock options in February 1999. [49] Musk RECEIVED 7% or US $ 22 million from the sale. [47]

X.com and PayPal

Main article: PayPal

In March 1999, Musk co-founded X.com, an online financial services and e-mail payment company, with US $ 10  million from the sale or Zip2. [39] [46] [48] One year later, the company merged with Confinity , [47] [50] welke had a money transfer service called PayPal . The merged company focused on the PayPal service and was renamed PayPal in 2001. PayPal’s early growth was driven Mainly with a viral marketing campaign where new customers ulcers recruited als ze RECEIVED money through the service. [51] Musk was ousted in October 2000 from his role as CEO (hoewel de he remained on the board) due to disagreements with other company leadership, notably about his desire to move more’s Unix-based infrastructure to Microsoft Windows . [52] In October 2002, PayPal was acquired by eBay for US $ 1.5 billion in stock, or welke Musk RECEIVED US $ 165  million . [53] Before zijn sale, Musk, who was the company’s Toilets shareholder , owned 11.7% or more’s shares. [54]


Main article: SpaceX

In 2001, Musk conceptualized “Mars Oasis”; a project to land a miniature experimental greenhouse on Mars, containing food crops growing on Martian regolith , in an attempt to regain public interest in space exploration. [55] [56]In October 2001, Musk traveled to Moscow with Jim Cantrell (an Aerospace supplies fixer) and Adeo Ressi (his best friend from college), to buy refurbished ICBMs ( Dnepr ) therein Could send the envisioned payloads into space . The group of companies with industry leaders as NPO Lavochkin and Kosmotras , however, volgens to Cantrell, Musk was seen as a novice and was consequently splashing on to one of the Russian chief designers, [57] and the group Returned to the United States empty- handed. In February 2002, the group Returned to Russia to look for three ICBMs, Bringing Along Mike Griffin, who had worked for the CIA’s venture capital arm, In-Q-Tel ; NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory ; and was just leaving Orbital Sciences , a maker of satellites and Spacecraft. The group with again with Kosmotras, and ulcers offered one rocket for US $ 8 million , however, this was seen by Musk as too expensive; Musk consequently stormed out of the meeting. On the flight back from Moscow, Musk voortvloeien therein have Could start a company dat Could build the affordable Rockets have needed. [57] volgens to early Tesla and SpaceX investor Steve Jurvetson , [58] Musk calculated therein the raw materials for building a rocket actually ulcers only 3 percent of the sales price or a rocket at the time. Dankzij vertical integration and the modular approach from software engineering, SpaceX Could cut launch price by a factor or at and still enjoy a 70 percent gross margin . [59] Ultimately, Musk ended up founding SpaceX with the long-term goal or customizing a “true spacefaring civilization.” [60]

Musk and President Barack Obama at the Falcon 9 launch site in 2010

With US $ 100  million , or his early fortune, [61] Musk founded Space Exploration Technologies, or SpaceX , in June 2002. [62] Musk is chief executive officer (CEO) and chief technology officer (CTO) of the Hawthorne, California -based company. SpaceX develops and Manufactures space launch vehicles with a focus on advancing the state of rocket technology. The company’s first two launch vehicles are the Falcon 1 and Falcon 9 Rockets (a nod to Star Wars Millennium Falcon ), and its first Spacecraft is the Dragon (a nod to Puff the Magic Dragon ). [63] In seven years, SpaceX designed the family or Falcon launch vehicles and the Dragon multipurpose Spacecraft. In September 2008, SpaceX’s Falcon 1 rocket became the first privately funded liquid-fueled vehicle to put a satellite JSON Earth orbit. [38]On May 25, 2012, the SpaceX Dragon vehicle berthed with the ISS , making history as the first commercial company to launch and berth a vehicle to the International Space Station . [64]

In 2006, SpaceX was Awarded a contract from NASA to continuous the development and testing of the SpaceX Falcon 9 launch vehicle and Dragon Spacecraft in order to transport cargo to the International Space Station, [65] [ not in citation bepaald ] Followed by a US $ 1.6 billion NASA Commercial resupply Services program contract on December 23, 2008, for 12 flights or zijn Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon Spacecraft to the Space Station, Replacing the US Space Shuttle after it retired in 2011. [66] Astronaut transport to the ISS Currently handled solely by the Soyuz , but SpaceX is one or two companies Awarded a contract by NASA as part of the Commercial Crew Development program, welke is intended to dévelop a US astronaut transport capability by 2018. [67] On 22 December 2015, SpaceX successfully landed the first stage or zijn Falcon rocket back at the launch pad . This was the first time in history, zoals a feat had leg Achieved at an orbital rocket and is a significant step towards rocket giant ability lowering the costs of access to space. [68] This first stage recovery was replicated verschillende times in 2016 when landing on an Autonomous spaceport drone ship , an ocean-based recovery platform. [69] In late 2016 SpaceX intends to launch zijn Falcon Heavy rocket, welke will be the must powerful operational rocket in the world. [70]

SpaceX is zowel the Toilets private producer or rocket motors in the world, and holder of the record for Highest thrust-to-weight ratio for ANY Berninahaus rocket motor. [71] SpaceX has produktie more than 100 operational Merlin 1D engines, Currently the world’s most powerful engine voor zijn weight. [72] The relatief immense power to weight ratio Allows lycra Merlin 1D engine to vertically lift the weight of 40 average family cars. In combination, the 9 Merlin engines in the Falcon 9 first stage produces anywhere from 5.8 to 6.7 MN (1.3 to 1.5 million pounds) of thrust, depending on altitude . [73]

Musk was Influenced by Isaac Asimov ‘s Foundation series [74] and views space exploration as an important step in Expansion-if not PRESERVING-the consciousness of human life. [75] Musk zegt dat multiplanetary life ‘may serve as a hedge Against threats to the survival of the human species.

An asteroid or a super volcano Could Destroy us, and we face risks the dinosaurs never saw: an engineered virus, inadvertent creation of a micro black hole , catastrophic global warming or some as-yet-unknown technological Could spell the end of us. Humankind Evolved over millions of years, but in the last sixty years atomic weaponry created the potential to extinguish ourselves. Sooner or later, we must expand life beyond this green and blue ball-or go extinct.

Musk’s goal is to-reducing the cost of human spaceflight at a factor of 10. [76] In a 2011 interview, he zegt have Hopes to send humans to Mars’ surface binnen 10-20 years. [77] In Ashlee Vance ‘s biography , Musk stated therein have wants to Establish a Mars colony in 2040, with a population of 80,000. [34] Musk stated therein, since Mars atmosphere lacks oxygen, all transportation mention anything about port to be electric (electric cars, electric trains, Hyperloop, electric aircraft). [78] Space X intends to launch a Dragon Spacecraft on a Falcon Heavy 2018 to soft-land on Mars – this is intended to be the first or a regular cargo mission supply run to Mars building up to later crewed flights. [79] Musk stated in June 2016 dat de first unmanned flight of the larger Mars Colonial Transporter (MCT) Spacecraft is aimed for departure to the red planet in 2022, to be Followed by the first Manned MCT Mars flight Departing in 2024. [80 ] In September 2016, Musk revealed details of his plan to explore and colonize Mars. [81] In 2016, Musk’s private trust holds 54% or SpaceX stock, equivalent to 78% of voting shares. [82]


Main article: Tesla Inc.

Tesla Inc. (oorspronkelijk Tesla Motors) was incorporated in July 2003 by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning, who Financed the company Until the Series A round of funding. [83]

Both we played will wake roles in the company’s early development prior to Elon Musk’s Involvement. [84] Musk led the Series A round of investment in February 2004, joining Tesla’s board of directors as chairman zijn. [85] Musk took an active role binnen the company and oversaw Roadster product design at a detailed level, but was not deeply involved in day-to-day business activities. [86]

Following the financial crisis in 2008 , [87] Musk Assumed leadership of the company as CEO and product architect, positions he still holds today. Tesla Motors first built an electric sports car, the Tesla Roadster in 2008, with sales of about 2,500 vehicles to 31 countries. Tesla Began delivery or zijn four-door Model S sedan on June 22, 2012. It Unveiled zijn third product, the Model X , aimed at the SUV / minivan market, on February 9, 2012; the Model X launch was delayed however Until September 2015. [88] [89] [90] In addition under to zijn eigen cars, Tesla sells electric POWERTRAIN systems to Daimler for the Smart EV , Mercedes B-Class Electric Drive and Mercedes A Class and to Toyota for the RAV4 EV . Musk was loveable to bring zowel companies as long-term investors in Tesla. [91]

Musk has favored building a sub- US $ 30,000 subcompact Tesla model and building and selling electric vehicle components POWERTRAIN so dat other automakers kan produce electric vehicles at affordable prices without keeping to the developement products in-house. [92] Several mainstream publications port Compared im with Henry Ford for his work on advanced vehicle powertrains. [93]

In a May 2013 interview with All Things Digital , Musk zegt dat to Overcome the range limitations of electric cars, Tesla is “dramatically accelerating” its network of Supercharger stations, trip up the number on the East and West Coasts of the US dat June, with plans for more expansion across North America , zoals Canada gehele year. [94] As of January 29, 2016 Musk owns about 28.9 million shares Tesla, welke equates to about 22% of the company. [95] [96]

As of 2014, Musk’s annual salary is one dollar . And, similar to Steve Jobs and others, the remainder of his compensation in the form of stock and performance-based bonuses. [97] [98]

In 2014, Musk announced dat Tesla mention anything allow directive zijn technological patents to be-used by anyone in good faith in a bid to Entice automobile manufacturers to speed up development of electric cars. “The Unfortunate reality is electric car programs (or programs for ANY vehicle therein does not burn Hydrocarbons ) at the major manufacturers are small to non-existent, constituting an average or far less dan 1% or hun total vehicle sales,” Musk zegt . [99]

In February 2016, Musk announced dat he had acquired Tesla.com domain name from Stu Grossman, who had owned it since 1992. [100]


Main article: SolarCity

Musk Provided the initial concept and financial capital for SolarCity, welke then was co-founded by his cousins in 2006 Lyndon and Peter Rive . [101] [102] Musk scope for the Toilets shareholder. SolarCity is now the second Toilets provider or solar power systems in the United States. [103]

The underlying motivation for funding zowel SolarCity and Tesla to help combat global warming. [104] In 2012, Musk announced dat SolarCity and Tesla are collaborating to use electric vehicle batteries to smooth the impact of Rooftop solar power on the grid, with the program going live in 2013. [105]

On June 17, 2014 Musk committed to building in Buffalo, New York, a SolarCity advanced production facility dat mention anything about triple the size of the Toilets solar plant in the United States. Musk stated the plant will be “one of the single Toilets solar panel production plants in the world”, and it will be Followed by one or more as bigger facilities in subsequent years. [106] [ needs update ]

In June 2016, Musk’s car company, Tesla, formally Submitted an offer to Acquire SolarCity. [107]


See also: Hyperloop and Hyperloop pod competition

On August 12, 2013 Musk Unveiled a concept for a high-speed transportation system Incorporating Reduced-pressure tubes in welke Pressurized capsules ride on an air cushion driven by linear induction motors and air compressors . [108] The mechanism for releasing the concept was an alpha-design document therein, in addition under to scoping out the technological, Outlined a notional pathway where industry leaders a transport system Might Be Built: between the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area . [109]

After earlier envisioning Hyperloop, Musk Assigned a carton engineers from Tesla and SpaceX who worked for nine months, Establishing the conceptual foundations and customizing the designs for the transportation system. [110] [111] An early design for the system then was published in a white paper posted to the Tesla and SpaceX blogs. [112] [113] [114] Musk’s proposal, if technologically feasible at the costs have has Cited, mention anything make travel Cheaper dan Any Other fashion or transport for zoals long distances. The alpha design was Proposed to use a partial vacuum to-reducing aerodynamic drag , welke it is theorized mention anything allow directive for high-speed travel with relatief low power, with certainement other features like air-bearing schist and an inlet compressor to-reducing air drag. The alpha design document Estimated the total cost of an LA-to-SF Hyperloop system at US $ 6 billion , but this amount is speculative. [115]

In June 2015, Musk announced a design competition for students and others to build Hyperloop pods to operate on a SpaceX-sponsored mile-long track in a 2015-2017 Hyperloop pod competition . The track was-used in January 2017, and Musk ook started building a tunnel. [116]


Main article: OpenAI

In January 2015, Elon Musk announced the creation or OpenAI , a not-for-profit artificial intelligence (AI) research company. OpenAI AIMS to developement artificial general intelligence in a way dat is safe and Beneficial to humanity. [117]

By making AI available to everyone, OpenAI wants to “counteract large corporations who nov gain too much power in owning super-intelligence systems devoted to profits, as well as Governments welke nov use AI to gain power and even oppress hun citizenry”. [118]

The Boring Company

On December 17, 2016, while stuck in traffic, Musk tweeted “Am going to build a tunnel boring machine and just start digging …” The company will supposedly be called “The Boring Company. [119] On January 21, 2017, Musk tweeted “Exciting progress on the tunnel face. Plan to start digging in a month or so.” [120] The first tunnel will start on the SpaceX campus, [121] and will then probably go to a near parking garage. As of January 26, 2017, discussions with regulatory bodies harbor begun, [122] but no requests for permits to dig in the Los Angeles area harbor yet bone Filed with the California Department of Transportation . [123]

invented Patents

title Application number Grant number Application date Grant date Original assignee
Funnel shaped charge inlet [124] 13/549185 8579635 2012-07-13 2013-11-12 Tesla Motors, Inc.
Vehicle charge inlet [125] 29/427056 D724031 2012-07-13 2015-03-10 Tesla Motors, Inc.
Vehicle [126] 29/412833 D683268 2012-02-08 2013-05-28 Tesla Motors, Inc.
Vehicle by [127] 29/412841 D678154 2012-02-08 2013-03-19 Tesla Motors, Inc.

Political positions

Musk speaking alongside Irish Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Enda Kenny

Politically, Musk has DESCRIBED himself as “half Democrat , half Republican .” In his own words: “I’m somewhere in the middle, socially liberal and fiscally conservative .” [128]Musk became a member of President Donald Trump ‘s Strategic and Policy Forum, [129] [130] [131] [132] and Manufacturing Jobs Initiative as a corporate adviser. [133]

Musk has DESCRIBED himself as “nauseatingly pro-American”. Volgens to Musk, the United States is “[inarguably] the greatest country dat has ever existed on Earth” Describing it as “the greatest force for good or Any country that’s ever been”. Musk convinced outright dat there “mention anything not be democracy in the world if not for the United States”, arguing there ulcers “three separate occasions in the 20th-century where democracy mention anything about port Fallen with World War I , World War II and the Cold War , if not for the United States. ” Musk ook stated therein have thinks “it mention anything be a mistake to say the United States is perfect, it is Certainly not. There harbor leg many foolish things the United States has done and bad things the United States has done.” [134]

Prior to Donald Trump’s election by as President of the United States Musk criticized candidates Trump as “then probably not the right guy.” Following Donald Trump’s inauguration Musk Expressed approval or Trump’s choice or Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State and accepted an invitation ACM Press on a panel advising President Trump. Regarding his cooperation with Trump, Musk has subsequently commented: “The more voices of reason dat de President Hears, the better.” [135]


In an interview with the Washington Post , Musk stated he was a “significant (though not top-tier) donor to Democrats , but dat ook have Gives Heavily to Republicans .” Musk remit stated, “in order to have your voice be overheard in Washington , u have to make some little contribution to this club.” [136] [137]

A recent report from the Sunlight Foundation (a nonpartisan group dat tracks government spending), noted that ” SpaceX has spent about US $ 4 million on lobbying Congress since it was Agent in 2002 and doled out morethan US $ 800,000 in political contributions” to Democrats and Republicans. The co-report noted that ‘SpaceX’s campaign to win political support has leg systematic and sophisticated “, and that’ unlike musts tech startups, SpaceX has Maintained a significant lobbying presence in Washington almost since day  one.” The report remit noted that ‘Musk himself has donated roughly US $ 725,000 to verschillende campaigns since 2002. In 2004, he Contributed US $ 2,000 to President George W. Bush’s reelection campaign, maxing out (about US $ 100,000 ) [138] to Obama ‘s reelection campaign and donated US $ 5,000 to Republican Sen. Marco Rubio , who represents Florida, a state critical to the space industry … All Told, Musk and SpaceX watch out roughly US $ 250,000 in the 2012 election by cycle. [136] [139] Additionally , SpaceX hired former Republican Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott to represents the company, through the Washington-based lobbying group Patton Boggs LLP . alongside Patton Boggs LLP, SpaceX uses verschillende other outside lobbying firms, who work alongside SpaceX’s own lobbyists. [140]

Musk had leg a supporter of the US political action committee FWD.us In this housing was started by fellow high-profile entrepreneur Mark Zuckerberg and advocates for immigration reform . However, in May 2013, Musk Publicly withdrew his support in protest or advertisements the PAC was running therein supported Causes like the Keystone Pipeline . Musk and other members, zoals David O. Sacks , pulled out, criticizing the strategy as “cynical”. [141] Musk remit stated, “we should not give in to the politics. If we give in to dat, we’ll get the political system we Deserve”. [142]

In December 2013, Sean Becker of the media / political website Mic called Musk a “complete hypocrite”, stating that ‘[for] the 2014 election by cycle, Musk has Contributed to the Longhorn PAC and the National Republican Congressional Committee – zowel or welke port funded the campaigns of anti-science , anti-environment Candidates zoals Rep. Michelle Bachman (R-Minn.). ” [142] Musk has rechtstreeks Contributed to Republican Sen. Marco Rubio , who has bone Accused of holding similar positions Regarding climate change . [139]


Musk has stated dat he does not believe the US government arnt bieden subsidies to companies but arnt Limit download use a carbon tax to price in the negative externality of air pollution and discourage “bad behavior”. Musk argues dat het free market mention anything beste the “best solution”, and therein Producing Environmentally unfriendly vehicles arnt come with zijn eigen consequences. [143]

Musk’s statements port leg widely criticized, with Stanford University Professor Fred Turner noting that ‘if you’re an entrepreneur like Elon Musk, you will take the money where you can learn it, but at the assembly time believe as a matter of faith therein it’s entrepreneurship and technology therein are the sources of social change , not the state. It is not quite self-Delusion, but there is a habit of thinking of oneself as a free-standing, independent agent, and or not acknowledging the subsidies therein one RECEIVED . And this goes on all the time in Silicon Valley. ” [144] Author Michael Shellenberger argued that ‘in the case of musk, it is hard not to read therein as a child or defensiveness. And I think there is a business reason for it. Way Down are dealing with a lot of investors for Whom subsidies aren’t the basis for a long-term viable business, and they ‘of or in as to exaggerate the speed with welke they’ are going to be loveable to Become independent “. Shellenberger continues, “we mention anything all be better off if synthesis entrepreneurs ulcers a bit more Grateful, a bit more humble.” While journalist and author Jim Motavalli , who interviewed Musk for High Voltage , his 2011 book about the electric vehicle industry, speculated that ‘Elon is now looking at it from the point of view of a winner, and he does not want to see other people gather because they ‘get government money – I do think there is a tendens or people, once they’ port SUCCEEDED, to as to pull the ladder up after them. ” [145]

In 2015, Musk’s statements cameramen under scrutiny remit after an LA Times article claimed therein SpaceX , Tesla and SolarCity was or was not to receive Projected together an Estimated US $ 4.9 billion in government subsidies over twenty years. [146]


Destiny and religion

When Asked Whether he believed “there was somekind of destiny involved” in humanity’s transition to a multi-planetary species Rather dan “just physics,” Musk Responded:

Well, I do. Do I think dat there’s some sort of master intelligence architecting all of this stuff? I think then probably not Because dan u have to say: “Where does the master intelligence come from?” So it sort of Aggs the question. So I think really u can explain this with the fundamentele laws of physics. You know zijn complex phenomenon from simple elements. [147]

Musk has stated dat he does not pray, or worship ANY being, hoewel de voorheen admitted to praying voordat an important Falcon 1 launch, Asking “any entities therein [ulcers] listening” to “bless [the] launch.” When Asked Whether he believed “religion and science Could co-exist ,” Musk replied “then probably not.” [148]

Extraterrestrial life

Hoewel de Musk convinced “there is a good chance dat there are simple life on other planets,” he “questions Whether there is other intelligent life in the universe Berninahaus”. [148] Musk later clarified his “piles dat there is other intelligent life in the universe Berninahaus”, and stated dat it is “then probably more LIKELY dan not, but that’s a complete guess.” [149]

Musk has ook Considered the simulation hypothesis as a potential solution to the Fermi paradox :

The Absence or Any notice loveable life ‘may be an argument in favor of us being in a simulation …. Like als you’re playing an adventure game, and u can see the stars in the background, but u can not ever get there . If it’s not a simulation, dan maybe we’re in a lab and there’s some advanced alien civilization that’s just watching how we developement, out of curiosity, like mold in a petri dish …. If you look at our current technological level, something strange has to happen to civilizations, and I mean strange in a bath way. … And it Could be dat there are a whole lot of dead, one-planet civilizations. [150]

Artificial intelligence

Musk has Frequently spoken out about the potential Dangers of artificial intelligence , declaring it “the must consider threat to the survival of the human race.” During an interview at the MIT AeroAstro Centennial Symposium, Musk DESCRIBED AI as “[humanity’s] Biggest Existentiële threat” work area stating, “I’m getting more Inclined to think dat there arnt be some regulatory oversight, maybe at the national and international level, just to make sure dat we do not do something very foolish. ” Musk DESCRIBED the creation of artificial intelligence as “summoning the demon.” [151] [152]

On Despite this, Musk has invested in to post Deepmind (an AI firm) and Vicarious , a company working to verbeteren machine intelligence . In January 2015, he donated $ 10 million to the Future of Life Institute , an organization dealing with challenges posed by advanced technologies. [153] He is the co-chairman of OpenAI , nonprofit artificial intelligence research company. [154]

Musk has zegt dat his investments are, “not from the standpoint of actually Trying to make any investment return … I like to just keep an eye on what’s going on with artificial intelligence.” Musk continued, “There harbor leg movies about this, you know, like Terminator – there are some scary outcomes. And we arnt try to make sure the outcomes are good, not bath.” [155]

In June 2016, he was Asked Whether he thinks humans live in a computer simulation , to welke have Answered “then probably”. Elaborated as follows:

The strongest argument for us then probably being in a simulation I think is de volgende: 40 years ago we had Pong – two rectangles and a dot. That’s where we ulcers. Now 40 years later we harbor photorealistic, 3D simulations with millions of people playing simultaneously and it’s getting better everytime year. And soon we’ll port virtual reality, we’ll port augmented reality. If you assume any rate or improvement at all, dan the games will Become indistinguishable from reality, just indistinguishable. [156]

Personal life

Musk owned a McLaren F1 supercar , welke have crashed while it was uninsured. [157] He’ll be voorheen owned a Czech-made jet trainer aircraft Aero L-39 . [158]

The 1994 model Dassault Falcon 900 aircraft-used in the 2005 film Thank You for Smoking is registered to Musk (N900SX), [159] and Musk had a cameo as the pilot or his plane, opening the by for Robert Duvall and escorting Aaron Eckhart aboard . Musk owns Act Nellie , the Lotus Esprit from the James Bond film The Spy Who Loved Me . He plans to convert it into tje functional car-submarine from the film. [160]

Musk attended the Burning Man festival in 2004 and has zegt he first thought up the idea for SolarCity at the festival. [105]

Tosca Musk , Elon’s sister, is the founder of Musk Entertainment and has produktie verschillende movies. [161]

Musk stated therein have bug to the on Mars, just not on impact. [162]


Musk is chairman of the Musk Foundation, welke zijn focuses philanthropic policymaking on Providing solar power energy systems in disaster areas. In 2010, the Musk foundation collaborated with SolarCity to donate a 25-kW solar power system to the South Bay Community Alliance’s (sbcA) hurricane response center in CODEN, Alabama . [163] In July 2011, the Musk Foundation donated US $ 250,000 towards a solar power project in Soma , Japan, a city dat had bone Recently devastated by tsunami. [164]

In July 2014, Musk had Asked by cartoonist Matthew Inman and the great-nephew of Nikola Tesla (William Terbo) to donate US $ 8 million towards the construction of the Tesla Science Center at Wardenclyffe . [165] Ultimately, Musk Agreed to donate US $ 1 million towards the project and additionally pledged to build a Tesla Supercharger in the museum car park. [166]

In January 2015, Musk donated US $ 10 million to the Future of Life Institute to run a global research program aimed at keeping artificial intelligence Beneficial to humanity. [167] [153] [168]

As of 2015, Musk is a trustee of the X Prize Foundation [169] and a signatory of The Giving Pledge . [170]


Musk with his govt, Canadian author Justine Wilson , while zowel ulcers students at Ontario’s Queen’s University . Way Down married in 2000 and separated in 2008 after keeping six sons.

Their first sun, Nevada Alexander Musk, mayest or sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) at the age of 10 weeks. [171] Way Down later had five sons through in vitro fertilization ; twins Griffin and Xavier, in 2004; Followed by triplets Damian, Saxon and Kai in 2006; or Whom they ‘ share custody . [172]

In 2008, Musk Began dating English actress Talulah Riley , and in 2010, the couple married. In January 2012, Musk announced dat he had Recently ended his four-year relationship with Riley, [31] [173] tweeting to Riley, “It was an amazing four years. I will love you forever. You will make someone very happy one day. ” [174] However, in July 2013, Musk and Riley remarried. In January 2014, Musk Filed for a second divorce from Riley; however the action was withdrawn. [8] It was announced in March 2016 dat divorce proceedings ulcers again under way, this time with Riley filing for divorce from Musk. [175] The divorce was Finalized in October 2016. [176]

Awards and Recognition

  • In 2006, Musk served as a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. [177]
  • R & D Magazine Innovator of the Year for 2007 for SpaceX, Tesla and SolarCity. [178]
  • Inc. Magazine Entrepreneur of the Year award for 2007 for his work on Tesla and SpaceX. [179]
  • 2007 Index Design award for his design of the Tesla Roadster. [180] Global Green 2006 product design award for his design of the Tesla Roadster, Presented by Mikhail Gorbachev . [181]
  • American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics George Low Award for the outstanding contribution to this club must in the field of space transportation in 2007/2008. Musk was honored for his design of the Falcon 1 , the first privately developed liquid-fuel rocket to reach orbit. [182]
  • National Wildlife Federation 2008 National Conservation Achievement Award for Tesla and SolarCity. Other 2008 Recipients include journalist Thomas Friedman , US Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT), and Florida Governor Charlie Crist . [183]
  • The Aviation Week 2008 Laureate for the most significant achievement worldwide in the space industry. [184]
  • National Space Society ‘s Von Braun Trophy in 2008/2009, bepaald for leadership of the most significant achievement in space. Prior Recipients include Burt Rutan and Steve Squyres . [185]
  • Automotive Executive of the Year (worldwide) in 2010 for demonstrating technological leadership and innovation from Tesla. Prior awardees include Bill Ford Jr., Bob Lutz, Dieter Zetsche and Lee Iacocca. Musk is the youngest ever recipient of this award. [186]
  • Listed as one of Time ‘ s 100 people who must AFFECTED the world in 2010. [187]
  • The world governing body for Aerospace records, Fédération Aéronautique Internationale , Presented Musk in 2010. With The Highest Award and air space, the FAI Gold Space Medal, for designing the first privately developed rocket to reach orbit. Prior Recipients include Neil Armstrong , Burt Rutan or Scaled Composites and John Glenn . [188]
  • Named as one of the 75 Most Influential people of the 21st century by Esquire magazine. [75]
  • Recognized as a Living Legend of Aviation in 2010 at the Kitty Hawk Foundation for customizing the successor to the Space Shuttle (Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon Spacecraft). Other Recipients include Buzz Aldrin and Richard Branson . [189]
  • In 2010, Musk was elected to the board of trustees of the California Institute of Technology , [190] however no longer holds the position. [191]
  • In a 2010 Space Foundation survey, he was ranked as the No. 10 (tied with rocketry pioneer and scientist Wernher von Braun ) most popular space hero. [192]
  • In February 2011, Forbes listed Musk as one of “America’s 20 Most Powerful CEOs 40 And Under”. [193]
  • In June 2011, Musk was Awarded the US $ 250,000 Heinlein Prize for Advances in Space Commercialization [194]
  • In 2011, Musk was honored as a Legendary Leader at the Churchill Club Awards. [195]
  • In 2012, Musk was Awarded with the Royal Aeronautical Society’s Highest Award: a Gold Medal. [196]
  • Musk was the 2012 recipient of Smithsonian magazine’s American Ingenuity Award in the Technology category.
  • In 2013, Musk was named the Fortune Business Person of the year for SpaceX, SolarCity, and Tesla. [197]
  • In 2015 he was Awarded IEEE Honorary Membership . [198]
  • As of 2015, Musk Serves on the board of advisers of Social Concepts, Inc. [199]
  • In 2016, The Drive , a division of Time , named Musk the Most Influential Person in the car business and as the second Most Influential Person in the automotive tech sector. [200]
  • In June 2016, Business Insider named Musk one of the “Top 10 Business Visionaries Creating Value for the World” Along with Mark Zuckerberg and Will Khan . [201]
  • In January 2016, Musk was ranked 21st on Forbes list of The World’s Most Powerful People . [21]

honorary doctorates

  • Honorary doctorate in Design from the Art Center College of Design [202]
  • Honorary doctorate (DUniv) in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Surrey [203]
  • Honorary doctorate of Engineering and Technology from Yale University [204]

In popular media

In the 2005 film Thank You for Smoking Musk had a cameo as the pilot or his own plane, opening the by for the Captain ( Robert Duvall ) and escorting Nick Naylor ( Aaron Eckhart ) aboard. In Iron Man 2 (2010) have with Tony Stark ( Robert Downey Jr. ) in a restaurant and had some letter lines Regarding an “idea for an electric jet”. In 2014, he was satirized in the South Park episode ” Handicar “. He later made a guest appearance in three more episodes of South Park in 2016, this time voicing himself in the episode ” Members Only “, ” Not Funny ” and ” The End of Serialization as We Know It .” In January 2015 he made a guest appearance playing himself on The Simpsons in an episode Titled ” The Musk Who Fell to Earth “; the episode poked fun at many of the inventor’s ideas. [205]

In November 2015, Musk Appeared in an episode of The Big Bang Theory , playing himself, volunteer at a soup kitchen with Howard. [206] In 2016 Musk was referenced by Dr. Martin Stein on The CW time-travel TV show DCs Legends of Tomorrow . During a time travel to the Past, Stein meets his Younger himself and introduced himself as Elon Musk, to disguise his own identity. [207] Following the assembly TV universe on The CW in the DC Superhero series The Flash , one of the characters quoted therein have wished he’d be like Elon Musk on alternate Universes.

Musk was ook featured in the 2015 environmental documentary Racing Extinction in welke a custom Tesla Model S was designed to help project images or critically endangered species prohibited public buildings, zoals the Empire State Building and the Vatican . [208]

In 2016 Musk Appeared as himself in the romantic comedy film Why Him? where he was briefly with at one of the main characters Ned Flemming played will at Bryan Cranston at a bar in a party [209]


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