Arunachalam Muruganantham

Arunachalam Muruganantham ( Tamil : அருணாசலம் முருகானந்தம்) (born 1962 [1] ) is a social entrepreneur from Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu , India . He is the inventor of a low-cost way the sanitary-making machine and has innovated grass roots mechanisms for generating awareness about traditional unhygienic practices around menstruation in rural India. His mini-machines, welke kan Manufacture the sanitary pads for less dan a third of the cost of commercial pads, port leg installed in 23 of the 29 states of India. He is Currently planning to expand the production or synthesis machines to 106 nations. [2]

In 2014, TIME magazine placed im, ITT list of 100 Most Influential People in the World . [3] In 2016, he was Awarded Padma Shri by Government of India . [4]

Early life

Muruganantham was born in 1962 to S. Arunachalam and A. Vanita, hand-loom Weavers in Coimbatore , India . Muruganantham Grew up in poverty after his Father mayest in a road accident. [5] His mother worked as a farm laborer to help in his studies. However, at the age of 14, he dropped out of school. He supplied food to factory workers and took up verschillende jobs as machine tool operator, yam selling agent, farm laborer, welder, etc. to support his family. [5]


In 1998, he got married to Shanthi. Shortly after, Murugananthan when sending his wife collecting filthy rags and Newspapers to use prolongation re Menstrual cycle , as the sanitary napkins made by multinational corporations ulcers expensive. [6] [7] Troubled by this, he started designing experimental pads. [8] Initially, he made pads out of cotton, but synthesis ulcers rejected by his wife and sisters. Eventually, they ‘stopped co-operating with im and refused to be the test subjects for his innovations. He voortvloeien therein the raw materials cost 10 paise ($ 0,002), but the end product sold for 40 times dat price. [2] He Looked for female volunteers who Could test his Inventions, but must ulcers too shy to DISCUSS hun Menstrual issues with im. He started testing it on himself, using a bladder with animal blood, but became the subject of ridicule als de “the sanitary pad” was when sending in his village. [9] If menstruation is a taboo subject in India, it left im ostracized by his community and family. [10] He distributed his products free to girls in a local medical college, Provided they ‘Returned Them to im after use.

It took im two years to discover therein the commercial pads-used cellulose fibers derived from pine bark pulp . [1] The fibers helped the pads absorb while retaining shape. [5] Imported machines dat made the pads cost INR 35 million. [11] Thus, he devised a low-cost machine dat Could be operated with minimal training. [12] He sourced the proc pine pulp from a supplier in Mumbai and the machines mention anything gravel, de-fibrates, press and sterilize the pads under ultraviolet [13] voordat packaging Them for sale. The machine costs INR 65,000. [8]

In 2006-when he visited IIT Madras to show his idea and got suggestions. Ze registered his invention It for the National Innovation Foundation ‘s Grassroots Technological Innovations Award and his idea won the award. [5] [8] He obtained seed funding and founded Jayaashree Industries, welke now markets synthesis machines to rural women across India. [14] The machine has leg praised voor zijn simplicity and cost-effectiveness, and his commitment to social aid has earned im verschillende awards. [10] on Despite offers from verschillende corporate entities to Commercialize his venture, he has refused to sell out and Continues to bieden synthesis machines to self-help groups (SHGs) run by women. [10] [15] [15]

Muruganantham’s invention It is widely praised as a key step in changing women’s lives in India. [16] [17] Muruganantham’s machine creates jobs and income for many women, and affordable pads enable many more women to earn livelihood hun prolongation menstruation. [18] In addition under to his own outreach, Muruganantham’s work has ook inspired many other entrepreneurs to enter this area, [19] zoals dat some propose to use waste banana fiber or bamboo for the purpose. [17]

Popular culture

Muruganantham has Become well known as a social entrepreneur. [20] He has bepaald lectures at many institutions waaronder IIT Bombay , [21] IIM Ahmedabad , IIM Bangalore [1] and Harvard . [22] He has ook bepaald a TED talk. [11] His story was the subject of a prize-winning documentary by Amit Virmani, Menstrual Man . [23] [24] R. Balki has roped in Akshay Kumar for the biopic on Arunachalam Muruganantham


  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c PC Vinoj Kumar (29 August 2009). “The Path That Does Not Whisper” . Tehelka .
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b “The Indian way the sanitary revolutionary” . BBC News . Retrieved 4 March 2014 .
  3. Jump up^ “The 100 Most Influential People – Pioneers: Arunachalam Muruganantham” . 23 April 2014 . Retrieved 26 April 2014 .
  4. Jump up^ “Padma Awards” (PDF) . Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2016 . Retrieved January 3, 2016 .
  5. ^ Jump up to:a b c d National Innovation Foundation . “MINI Sanitary Napkin MAKING MACHINE A. Muruganantham” . Retrieved 9 Jun 2016 .
  6. Jump up^ “India’s champion for affordable feminine hygiene” . Retrieved 30 June 2015 .
  7. Jump up^ Sandhana, Lakshmi. “An Indian Inventor Disrupts The Period Industry” . Fast Company . Retrieved 18 August 2012 .
  8. ^ Jump up to:a b c Akila Kannadasan (13 February 2012). “A man in a woman’s world”. The Hindu.
  9. Jump up^ Letitia Rowlands (14 March 2014). “One man’s mission to verbeteren women’s lives” . Ministry of External Affairs, Govt of India.
  10. ^ Jump up to:a b c Buncombe, Andrew (29 June 2012). “The ‘Tampon King who sparked a period of change for India’s women” . The Independent . Retrieved 18 August 2012 .
  11. ^ Jump up to:a b “TED talk Bangalore at A. Muruganantham” . Retrieved 30 June 2015 .
  12. Jump up^ Foxx-Gonzalez, Kellie (29 June 2012). “Tampon King” . The Mary Sue . Retrieved 18 August 2012 .
  13. Jump up^ “New Inventions: Jayaashree Industries” . Archived from the originalon 21 November 2012 . Retrieved 18 August 2012 .
  14. Jump up^ Kumar, Vikas (18 January 2012). “Blood, sweat & tears a few: Arunachalam Muruganantham’s lessons for consumer product firms” . The Economic Times . Retrieved 18 August 2012 .
  15. ^ Jump up to:a b Sandhana, Lakshmi (21 January 2012). “India’s women bepaald low-cost route to the sanitary protection” . The Guardian . Retrieved 18 August 2012 .
  16. Jump up^ Ramdoss, vincent (31 January 2012). “Enabling access through low cost Sanitary Pads: Jayashree Industries” . Think Change India . Retrieved 18 August 2012 .
  17. ^ Jump up to:a b “Social entrepreneurship in India: Cut from a différent cloth” . The Economist. 14 September 2013.
  18. Jump up^ Baker, Katie JM (29 June 2012). “Meet India’s” Tampon King ‘ ‘ . Jezebel . Retrieved 18 August 2012 .
  19. Jump up^ “Promoting hygiene” . Retrieved 14 September 2013 .
  20. Jump up^ “Dharamsala film festival” . Retrieved 30 June 2015 .
  21. Jump up^ “Esummit speakers, IITB” . Retrieved 30 June 2015 .
  22. Jump up^ “Harvard India Conference” . Retrieved 30 June 2015 .
  23. Jump up^ “Menstrual Man” . Retrieved 30 June 2015 .
  24. Jump up^ “The first man to Wear the sanitary napkin” . INKTalks . Retrieved 28 January 2016 .