Atul Gawande

Atul Gawande (born November 5, 1965) is an American surgeon, writer, and public health researcher. He practices general and endocrine surgery at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts . He is a professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health and the Samuel O. Thier Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School . In public health, he is executive director of Ariadne Labs, a joint center for health systems innovation, and chairman of Lifebox, a nonprofit dat works on Reducing deaths in surgery globally. [2]

He has written extensively on medicine and public health for The New Yorker and Slate , and is the author of the books complications , Better , The Checklist Manifesto , and Being Mortal.

Early years and education

Gawande was born in Brooklyn , New York, to Indian immigrants to the United States, zowel doctors. [3] His family soon moved to Athens, Ohio , where he and his sister Grew up, and he graduated from Athens High School in 1983. [4]

Gawande earned an undergraduate degree in biology and political science from Stanford University in 1987. [5] As a Rhodes Scholar , he earned an MA in Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) from Balliol College, Oxford in 1989. [6] He graduated with a Doctor of Medicine from Harvard Medical School in 1995 and earned a Master of Public Health from the Harvard School of Public Health in 1999. [7] He COMPLETED his general chirurgische residency training again at Harvard from 1995 to 2003.

Political career

As an undergraduate, Gawande was a volunteer for Gary Hart ‘s campaign. After graduating, he joined Al Gore ‘s 1988 presidential campaign. He worked as a health-care researcher for Rep . Jim Cooper ( D – TN ), who was author of a “managed competition” health care proposal for the Conservative Democratic Forum. He entered medical school in 1990 – leaving after two years to Become Bill Clinton ‘s healthcare lieutenant prolongation the 1992 campaign. He later became a senior adviser in the Department of Health and Human Services after Clinton’s inauguration. He directed one of the three committees of the Clinton Health Care Task Force , Supervising 75 people and defined the benefits packages for Americans and subsidies and requirements for Employers. [8] He Returned to medical school in 1993 and earned a medical degree in 1995. [9]


Soon after he Began his residency , his friend Jacob Weisberg , editor of Slate , im Asked to Contribute to the online magazine. His pieces on the life of a chirurgische resident caught the eye of The New Yorker welke published verschillende pieces by im voordat making im a staff writer in 1998.

A June 2009 New Yorker essay by Gawande Compared the healthcare or two towns in Texas to show why health care was more expensive in one town Compared to the other. Using the town of McAllen, Texas , as an example, it argued dat a corporate, profit-maximizing culture (welke kan bieden Substantial Bedragen or Unnecessary care ) was an important factor in driving up costs, unlike a culture of low-cost high- quality care as provided by the Mayo Clinic and other efficient health systems. [10]

The article “made waves” [11] and was Cited by President Barack Obama prolongation Obama’s attempt to get health care reform legislation passed by the United States Congress . Volgens to Senator Ron Wyden , the article “AFFECTED [Obama’s] thinking dramatically”, and was shown to a group of senators to Obama, who effectief zegt, “This is what we’ve got to fix.” [12] After reading the New Yorker article, Warren Buffett ‘s long-time business partner Charlie Munger mailed a check to Gawande in the amount of $ 20,000 as a thank-you to Dr. Gawande for Providing something as socially useful. [13] Gawande donated the $ 20,000 to the Brigham and Women’s Hospital Center for Surgery and Public Health. [14]

In addition under to his popular writing, Gawande has published studies on topics waaronder military surgery techniques and error in medicine, included in the New England Journal of Medicine . He is the director of the World Health Organization ‘s Global Patient Safety Challenge. His essays port Appeared in The Best American Essays 2003 , The Best American Science Writing 2002 , The Best American Science Writing 2009 and Best American Science and Nature Writing 2011 .

In 2012, he watch the TED talk “How Do We Heal Medicine?”. The talk has leg viewed over one million times. [15]


Gawande published his first book, complications: A Surgeon’s Notes on an Imperfect Science , in 2002. It was a National Book Award finalist, and has leg published in over one hundred countries. [16]

His second book, Better: A Surgeon’s Notes on Performance , released in April 2007. It was discusses three Virtues therein Gawande considers to be musts important for success in medicine: diligence, doing right, and ingenuity. Gawande offers examples in the book of people who harbor world embodied synthesis Virtues. The book strives to present multiple sides of contentious medical issues, zoals malpractice law in the US, physicians’ role in capital punishment, and treatment variation tussen hospitals.

Gawande released his third book, The Checklist Manifesto : How to Get Things Right , in 2009. It discusses the belang or organization and pre-planning (such as thorough checklists ) in zowel medicine and the larger world. The Checklist Manifesto reached the New York Times hardcover bestseller list Nonfiction in 2010. [17]

Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End was released in October 2014. It discusses end-of-life choices about assisted living and the effect of medical procedures on terminally ill people, and challenges many Traditionally held notions about the role of medicine. The book was the basis of a documentary for the PBS television series “Frontline” and was first broadcast on February 10, 2015. [18] [19]

Awards and receptacles

In 2006, Gawande was named a MacArthur Fellow for his work investigating and articulating contemporary chirurgische practice and medical ethics. [20] In 2007, he became director of the World Health Organization ‘s effort to chirurgische-reducing deaths, [21] and he in 2009 was elected a Hastings Center Fellow. [22]

In 2004, he was named one of the 20 Most Influential South Asians at Newsweek . [23] In the 2010 Time 100 , have been included (fifth place) in Thinkers Category. [24] The composition year, he was named by Foreign Policy magazine to zijn list of top global thinkers. [25]

In 2014 he Presented the BBC’s Reith Lectures , Delivering a series of four talks Titled The Future of Medicine . These ulcers delivered in Boston , London, Edinburgh and Delhi . [1] [26]

He is the winner of two National Magazine Awards , AcademyHealth’s Impact Award for Highest research impact on healthcare, and the Lewis Thomas Prize for writing about science. [2] [27]

In November 2016, he was one of three Recipients of the prestigious Massachusetts Governor’s Award in the Humanities for his contributions to Improving civic life in Massachusetts. [28]

Personal life

Gawande lives in Newton, Massachusetts , with his wife, Kathleen Hobson, en hun three children: Walker, Hattie, and Hunter. He enjoys reading. [29]


  1. ^ Jump up to:a b Dr. Atul Gawande – 2014 Reith Lectures. BBC Radio 4 . Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b “About” . Atul Gawande . Retrieved 2015-12-05 .
  3. Jump up^ “Atul Gawande on the Secrets of a Puzzle-Filled Career” . Medscape . Retrieved 2015-12-05 .
  4. Jump up^ “AHS alum a national player in medical arena” . The Athens NEWS . Retrieved 2015-12-05 .
  5. Jump up^ “accomplished Alumni – School of Humanities and Sciences” . . Retrieved 2015-12-08 .
  6. Jump up^ “Atul Gawande – Ariadne Labs” . . Retrieved 2015-12-08 .
  7. Jump up^ “Home | Atul Gawande | Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health” . . Retrieved 2015-12-04 .
  8. Jump up^ Horvitz, Paul F. (May 30, 1994). “Former Policy Maker Opts for Hands-On Healthcare” . The New York Times . ISSN  0362-4331 . Retrieved 2015-12-05 .
  9. Jump up^ “Human Endeavor” . Guernica / A Magazine of Art & Politics . Retrieved 2015-12-03 .
  10. Jump up^ “The Cost Conundrum” . The New Yorker . Retrieved 2015-12-04 .
  11. Jump up^ Bryant Furlow (October 2009). “US reimbursement systems encouragement fraud and overutilisation”. The Lancet Oncology . 10 (10): 937-938. doi : 10.1016 / S1470-2045 (09) 70297-9 . PMID  19810157 .
  12. Jump up^ Pear, Robert (June 8, 2009). “Healthcare Spending disparities Stir a Fight” . The New York Times . ISSN  0362-4331 . Retrieved 2015-12-06 .
  13. Jump up^ “New Yorker Writer Gets $ 20,000 Check From Warren Buffett’s partner”. Business Insider . Retrieved 2015-12-06 .
  14. Jump up^ “Atul Gawande, New Yorker Writer: I Did not Accept Warren Buffett’s partner’s $ 20,000 check” . The Huffington Post . Retrieved 2015-12-06 .
  15. Jump up^ “How do we heal medicine?” . . Retrieved 2015-12-05 .
  16. Jump up^ Gawande, Atul. “About Atul Gawande” . Retrieved May 31, 2011 .
  17. Jump up^ “Hardcover Nonfiction Books – Best Sellers” . The New York Times . March 7, 2010 . Retrieved 2015-12-06 .
  18. Jump up^ Fink, Sheri (November 6, 2014). “Atul Gawande’s” Being Mortal ‘ ‘ . The New York Times . ISSN  0362-4331 . Retrieved 2015-12-04 .
  19. Jump up^
  20. Jump up^ “Atul Gawande – MacArthur Foundation” . . Retrieved 2015-12-06 .
  21. Jump up^ “Q & A with Atul Gawande, Part 2” ArchivedMarch 20, 2012, at theWayback Machine. H & HN. June 30, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  22. Jump up^ “The Hastings Center” . . Retrieved 2015-12-06 .
  23. Jump up^ “Power and Influence” . Newsweek . March 22, 2004 . Retrieved February 3, 2010 .
  24. Jump up^ “The 2010 Time 100: Atul Gawande” . April 29, 2010.
  25. Jump up^ “The FP Top 100 Global Thinkers” . Foreign Policy . Retrieved 2015-12-06 .
  26. Jump up^ “Why Do Doctors Fail ?, Dr. Atul Gawande: The Future of Medicine, The Reith Lectures – BBC Radio 4” . BBC . Retrieved 2015-12-06 .
  27. Jump up^ “Surgeon and writer Atul Gawande Awarded Lewis Thomas Prize | Newswire” . Retrieved 2015-12-05 .
  28. Jump up^ “2016 Governor’s Awards in the Humanities” .
  29. Jump up^ “The Unlikely Writer” . Harvard Magazine . Retrieved 2015-12-05 .