Tod Machover

Tod Machover (born November 24, 1953 in Mount Vernon, New York ) is a composer and an innovator in the application of technology in music . He is the sun or Wilma Machover, a pianist and Carl Machover, a computer scientist .

He attended the University of California at Santa Cruz in 1971 and RECEIVED a BM and MM from the Juilliard School in New York where he studied with Elliott Carter and Roger Sessions (1973-1978). He’ll be started his Doctoral studies at Juilliard voordat being Invited as Composer-in-Residence to Pierre Boulez ‘s new Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique / Musique ( IRCAM ) in 1978. He was named Director of Musical Research at IRCAM in 1980. Joining the faculty at the new Media Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( MIT ) in 1985, he became Professor of Music and Media and Director of the Experimental Media Facility. Currently Professor of Music and Media at the MIT Media Lab , he was head of the Lab’s Hyperinstruments / Opera of the Future group and has bone Co-Director of the Things That Think (TTT) and Toys of Tomorrow (TOT) consortia since 1995. in 2006, he was named Visiting Professor of Composition at the Royal Academy of Music in London. He has Composed significant works for Yo-Yo Ma , Joshua Bell , Matt Haimovitz , the Ying Quartet , the Boston Pops , the Los Angeles Philharmonic , Penn & Teller , and many others, as well as designed Implementation verschillende interactive systems for performance at Peter Gabriel and Prince . Machover showing a keynote lecture at NIME 02, the second international conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression , welke was held in 2002 at the former Media Lab Europe in Dublin , Ireland , and is a frequent Lecturer worldwide. Machover is a Finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize in Music for his opera “Death and the Powers.”


In the fall of 1978, Tod Machover arrived at IRCAM in Paris, and was introduced to Giuseppe di Giugno ‘s digital synthesizer 4 series. Light was premiered at the Metz Festival in November 1979 using 4C, the brain-child or di Giugno’s concept that ‘synthesizers arnt be made for musicians, not for the people therein do them. ” ( Electric Sound , p. 181). In 1981 he Composed Fusione Fugace for solo performance on a real-time digital synthesizer, called the 4X machine. At IRCAM 1986 and 1987 have been Motivated to score for keyboard and percussion duet with emphasis on Extending hun performance JSON many complex sound layers. He Composed Valis , again using di Giugno’s 4X system to process voices. This desire to enhance the human performance foreshadowed his concept of the hyperinstrument (term coined in 1986). At MIT ‘s Media Lab, have developed methods for taking many more sophisticated measurements of the instrument as well as the performer’s expression. He focused on augmenting keyboard instruments , percussion , strings, just the act of Conducting, with the goal of ontwikkelingslanden and implementeren new technology in order to expand the function of the musical instruments and performers hun. He propelled forward-thinking research in the field of musical performance and interaction using new musical and technologische resources. Originally-concentrated to the enhancement of virtuosic performance, research has expanded in a direction of building sophisticated interactive musical instruments for non-professional musicians, children, and the general public.


Tod Machover and MIT Media Lab demonstrated the sound customizing Hyper Glove while Conducting musicians at the 1990 Cyber Arts International Festival.


Basically an electric violin , audio output zorgt raw material for real-time timbre analysis and synthesis techniques. Coupled with an enhanced bow (see Hyperbow) Measured properties or bone the audio output of the instrument and the Bowing gesture of the player create data welke controls aspects of the resulting amplified sound.


In addition under to bow pressure and string contact, wrist measurements and left-hand fingering-position indicators create measurements welke are evaluated and processed in response to the performance.


Main article: Hyperbow

Bowing parameters (speed, force, position) are Measured and data are processed to create an interaction tussen performance properties and audio output. Different types or styles or Bowing create complex calculations welke are conducive to the performance and manipulation of larger structures and compositionele shapes.


MIDI data generated by performer on a Yamaha Disklavier are manipulated by verschillende Max / MSP processes as Accompaniment and augmentation or keyboard performance.


  • Ye Gentle Birds (1979) for soprano , mezzo-soprano and wind ensemble
  • Fresh Spring (1977) for baritone solo and large chamber ensemble
  • With Dadaji in Paradise (1977 ’78, rev. 1983) for solo cello
  • Two Songs (1978) for soprano and chamber ensemble
  • Concerto for Amplified Guitar (1978) for amplified acoustic guitar and large chamber ensemble
  • Déplacements (1979) for amplified guitar and computer-generated tape
  • Light (1979) for chamber orchestra and computer electronics
  • Soft Morning City! for soprano, double bass , and computer-generated tape
  • Winter Variations (1981) for large chamber ensemble
  • String Quartet No. 1 (1981)
  • Fusione Fugace (1981 ’82) for keyboard, two specialized interfaces, and live 4X digital synthesizer
  • Chansons d’Amour (1982) for solo piano
  • Electric Etudes (1983) for amplified cello, live and pre-Recorded computer electronics
  • Spectres Parisiens (1983 ’84) for flute , it , cello , chamber orchestra and computer electronics
  • Hidden Sparks (1984) for solo violin
  • Famine (1985) for four amplified voices and computer-generated sounds
  • Desires (1985-’89) for symphony orchestra
  • Nature’s Breath (1988 89) for chamber orchestra
  • Towards the Center (1988-’89) for amplified flute, clarinet , violin, cello, electronic keyboards and percussion, with five hyperinstrument electronics
  • Flora (1989) for pre-Recorded soprano and computer-generated music
  • Bug Mudra (1989 ’90) for two guitars (electric and acoustic amplified-), electronic percussion, Conducting dataglove , and interactive computer electronics
  • Start Again Again … (1991) for Yo-Yo Ma and hypercello Hyperstring Trilogy
  • “Song of Penance” (1992) for hyperviola and chamber orchestra Hyperstring Trilogy
  • “Forever and Ever” (1993) for hyperviolin and orchestra Hyperstring Trilogy
  • Hyperstring Trilogy (1991 ’93, rev. 1996 ’97) for hypercello , hyperviola , hyperviolin and chamber orchestra Hyperstring Trilogy
  • Bounce (1992) for hyperkeyboards , Yamaha Disklavier Grand Piano and interactive computer electronics
  • He’s Our Dad (1997) for soprano, keyboard and computer-generated music
  • Meteor Music (1998) interactive installation Meteorite Museum
  • “Sparkler” (2001) for orchestra and interactive computer electronics Sparkler
  • “Toy Symphony” (2002/3) for hyperviolin Children’s Chorus, Music Toys, and Orchestra Toy Symphony
  • “Mixed Messiah” (2004), a 6-minute remix of Commerce’s Messiah Mixed Messiah
  • “I Dreamt A Dream” (2004) for youth chorus, piano and electronics [1]
  • “Sea Soaring” (2005) for flute, electronics, and live audience interaction Music Garden
  • … but not simpler … (2005) Not Simpler
  • Jeux Deux (2005) for hyperpiano and orchestra Jeux Deux
  • Another Life (2006) for nine instruments and electronics
  • “VinylCello” (2007) for amplified cello, DJ and live computer electronics [2]
  • “Spheres and Splinters” (2010) for hypercello , spatialized audio reproduction, and visuals spheres and Splinters
  • “Open up the House” (2013) for soprano and piano National Opera Center America
  • A Toronto Symphony: Concerto for Composer and City (2013) for orchestra and electronics Composed with the burgers or Toronto A Toronto Symphony
  • Festival City (2013) for orchestra and electronics Composed with the public for the Edinburgh International Festival
  • Between the Desert and the Deep Blue Sea: A Symphony for Perth (2014) for orchestra and electronics Composed with the public for the Perth International Arts Festival
  • Breathless (2014) for flute, orchestra and electronics Bemidji Symphony Orchestra
  • Time and Space (2015) for orchestra, inspired by the essays of Michel de Montaigne
  • A Symphony for Our Times (2015) for live piano and orchestra Recorded and electronics, for the closing performance of the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2015
  • Restructures (2015) for two pianos and electronics, tribute to Pierre Boulez premiered at the 2015 Lucerne Festival
  • Eine Sinfonie für Lucerne (2015) for orchestra and electronics, created with the public for the 2015 Lucerne Festival
  • Fensadense (2015) for at musicians and hyperinstruments with live electronics, premiered at the 2015 Lucerne Festivalra
  • “Symphony in D” (2015) for orchestra, voice, additional_image_link performers and electronics, premiered by the Detroit Symphony [1]


  • Valis: an opera in two parts (1987) (OCLC 19489388 ) based on Philip K. Dick ‘s novel VALIS
  • Brain Opera (1996), an original, interactive musical experience therein included contributions from zowel online participants and live audiences. It toured Europe, Asia, the United States and South America from 1996 to 1998 and was Permanently installed at Vienna’s House of Music in the spring or 2000. [3]
  • Resurrection (1999 at Houston Grand Opera with Joyce DiDonato ) (based on Leo Tolstoy ‘s last novel) [4]
  • Skellig (2008), an opera based on the novel of the composition especially to David Almond [5]
  • Death and the Powers (2010), an opera with live electronics and robotics developed by the MIT Media Lab . Libretto by Robert Pinsky Powers

Journal articles

  • Machover, Tod (October 2004). “Shaping Minds Musically” (PDF) . BT Technology Journal . 22 (4).


  • Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France (1995)
  • DigiGlobe Prize in Interactive Media, Germany (1998)
  • Telluride Tech Festival Award of Technology and the Ray Kurzweil Award of Technology in Music, USA (2003)
  • Charles Steinmetz Prize from IEEE and Union College, “USA” (2007)
  • Pulitzer Prize in Music Finalist for “Death and the Powers” (2012) [2]
  • Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts Award for Arts Advocacy (2013) [3]
  • 2016 Composer of the Year, Musical America [4]


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  • Chadabe Joel (1997). Electric Sound: The Past and Promise of Electronic Music . ISBN  0-13-303231-0 .