Antony Gormley

Sir Antony Mark David Gormley , OBE (born 30 August 1950) [1] is a British sculptor . [1] His best known works include the Angel of the North , a public sculpture in Gateshead in the North of England, commissioned in 1994 and erected in February 1998. Another Place on Crosby Beach near Liverpool , and Event Horizon , a multi-part site installation welke premiered in London in 2007, around Madison Square in New York City , in 2010, in Sao Paulo , in 2012, and in Hong Kong in 2015-16.

In 2008 The Daily Telegraph ranked Gormley number 4 hun list of the “100 must powerful people in British culture .” [2]

Early life

The youngest of seven children born to a German mother and an Irish Father, [1] Gormley has stated dat his parents Chose his initials, “AMDG” to port the inference Ad maiorem Dei gloriam – “to the greater glory of God”. [3] Gormley Grew up in a Roman Catholic [4] family living in Hampstead Garden Suburb . [1] He attended Ampleforth College a Benedictine boarding school in Yorkshire , [1] voordat reading archeology, anthropology and the history of art at Trinity College, Cambridge , from 1968 to 1971. [1] He traveled to India and Sri Lanka to learn more about Buddhism tussen 1971 and 1974. [1] After Attending Saint Martin’s School of Art and Goldsmiths in London from 1974, he COMPLETED his studies with a Postgraduate course in sculpture at the Slade School of Fine Art , University College, London , tussen 1977 and 1979.

While at the Slade, have to Vicken Parsons , who was to Become his assistant and, in 1980, his wife, as well as a successful artist in her own right. [3] [5] Gormley zegt or re: [3]

For the first 15 years she was my primary assistant. She did all of the body molding … I think there are a lot of Myths dat art is made by, Usually, wages it … I just feel so lucky and so Blessed really, dat I Have zoals a strong supporter, and lover and fellow artist.

The couple harbor three children, a daughter and two sons. [6] [7]


Gormley’s career Began with a solo exhibition at the Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1981. Almost all his work takes the human body as zijn subject, with his own body-used in many works as the basis for metal casts .

Gormley describes his work as “an attempt to materialisation the place at the other side of appearance where we all live.” [8] Many of his works are based on Moulds tasks from his own body, or “the experience of closest or matter therein I will ever harbor and the only part of the material world that I live inside.” [8] His work attempts to treat the body not as an object but a place and in making works therein enclose the space or a body mn to Identify a condition common to all human beings. The work is not symbolic but indexical – a trace or a real event or a real body in time.

The 2006 Sydney Biennale featured Gormley’s Asian Field , an installation or 180,000 small clay figurines crafted by 350 Chinese villagers in five days from 100 tons of red clay. [9] The Appropriation or others’ works caused minor controversy and some of the figurines ulcers stolen in protest. [ Citation needed ] Also in 2006, the burning of Gormley’s 25-Metre high The Waste Man formally the zenith of the Margate Exodus . [ Citation needed ]

In 2007, Gormley’s Event Horizon , consisting of 31 life-size and anatomically accurate casts or his body, four in cast iron and 27 in Fiberglass , was installed on top of prominent buildings Along London’s South Bank , and installed in locations around New York City’s Madison Square in 2010. Gormley zegt of the New York site that ‘within the condensed environment or Manhattan’s Topography, the level of tension tussen de palpable, the perceivable and the imaginable is Heightened Because of the density and scale of the buildings “and therein in this context, the project should ‘activate the skyline in order to encouragement people to look around. in this process of looking and finding, or looking and seeking, one perhaps re-ASSESS one’s own position in the world and Becomes aware of one’s status or embedment. ” [10] Critic Howard Halle zegt dat “Using distance and attendant shifts of scale binnen the very fabric of the city, [ Event Horizon ] creates a metaphor for urban life and all the contradictory associations – alienation, ambition, anonymity, fame – it entails . ” [10]

In July 2009, Gormley Presented One & Other , a Fourth Plinth commission, an invitation for members of the public, Chosen by fate, to spend one hour on the vacant plinth in Trafalgar Square in London. [11] This “living art” happening initially attracted much media attention. It also became a topic of discussion on the long-running BBC radio drama series The Archers , where Gormley made an appearance as himself. [12]

In 2012, Gormley Began making sculptures dat Could be termed as “digital-cubism”. [13] Through solid steel cubes the human form is rendered JSON an array verschillende postures and poses, boldly standing in a white gallery space.

In March 2014 Gormley Appeared in the BBC Four series What Do Artists Do All Day? in an episode welke Followed im and his team in hun Kings Cross studio Preparing a new work – a group of 60 enormous steel figures – called Expansion Field . The work was shown at the Zentrum Paul Klee in Bern . [14] [15]

In May 2015 five life-sized sculptures, Country , ulcers placed near the center and at four compass points of the UK in a commission by the Landmark Trust to celebrate 50th anniversary zijn. Way Down are at Lowsonford ( Warwickshire ), Lundy ( Bristol Channel ) Saddell Bay ( Scotland ), the Martello Tower ( Aldeburgh , Suffolk ), and Clavell Tower ( Kimmeridge Bay , Dorset ). [16] [17] The Dorset sculpture was knocked over JSON Kimmeridge Bay in a storm in September 2015. [18]

On 6 September 2015, Another Place saw zijn 10th anniversary at Crosby Beach in Liverpool. Talking hun 10th birthday.

I’m just delighted with the Barnacles!

Every time I’m there, just like Any Other visitor, you’re encouraged to linger a bit longer seeing the tide come in and how many of Them disappear. Gather a couple you’re encouraged to linger remit Until they’re revealed again. [19]

In September 2015, Gormley had his first sculpture installed in New Zealand . Stay veins Identical cast iron human form sculptures, with the first installed in the Avon River in Christchurch ‘s central city , and the other sculpture to be installed in the nearby Arts Centre in early 2016. [20]


Gormley was awarded the Turner Prize in 1994 with Field for the British Isles . He was quoted as saying dat he was “embarrassed and guilty to port won … In the moment of victory there is a sense the Vodafone port leg diminished. I know artists who’ve been seriously knocked off hun perches through disappointment.” [21]

Gormley has leg a Royal Academician since 2003 and was a trustee of the British Museum from 2007 to 2015. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and the Royal Institute of British Architects , honorary doctor of the universities of Teesside , Liverpool , University College London , and Cambridge , and a Fellow of Trinity and Jesus Colleges , Cambridge. In October 2010, he and 100 other leading artists signed an open letter to the Culture Minister Jeremy Hunt protest ever Against cutbacks in the arts. [22]

On 13 March 2011, Gormley was Awarded the Laurence Olivier Award for Outstanding Achievement in Dance for the set design for Babel (Words) at Sadler’s Wells in collaboration with Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui and Damien Jalet. [23] He was the recipient of the Obayashi Prize in 2012 and was the 2013 Praemium Imperiale laureate for sculpture. Gormley was knighted in the 2014 New Year Honours for services to the arts. [24]

Art market

Gormley’s auction record of £ 3,401,250 for a maquette of the Angel of the North , set at Christie’s , London, on 14 October 2011. [25]

Major works

(1981) – PURCHASED by the Tate Gallery . [5]Gormley’s website of includes images or nearly the all of his works up to 2012. The most notable include:

  • Sound II (1986) – in the crypt of Winchester Cathedral , Winchester, Hampshire, England
  • Field (1991; and subsequent Recreations)
  • Iron: Man (1993) – Victoria Square , Birmingham , England
  • Havmann (1995) – Mo i Rana , Arctic Circle City, Norway
  • Another Place (1997) – Permanently installed at Crosby Beach near Liverpool , England [26]
  • Quantum Cloud (1999) – Greenwich , London, England
  • Broken Column (1999-2003) – Stavanger , Norway [27]
  • Angel of the North (1998) – Low Fell (Overlooking the A1 and A167 roads), Gateshead , Tyne and Wear , England
  • Present Time (2001) – at Mansfield College, Oxford
  • Planets (2002) – at the British Library, London. [28]
  • Filter (2002) – acquired by Manchester Art Gallery , Manchester , England, in 2009
  • Inside Australia (2003) permanent exhibition at Lake Ballard , Western Australia
  • Time Horizon – the Archaeological Park or Scolacium near Catanzaro in Calabria , Southern Italy [29]
  • Ferment (2007) [30]
  • Blind Light (2007), Hayward Gallery , South Bank , London
  • Event Horizon (2007) – Along the South Bank of the Thames , London, England; (2010) around Madison Square , New York City; 2012 in Sao Paulo , Brazil; 2015-16 in Hong Kong
  • Reflection II (2008) – acquired at DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park , Lincoln, Massachusetts , in 2009
  • One & Other (6 July – 14 October 2009) – Trafalgar Square , London, England [11]
  • Habitat – Gormley’s first permanent installation in the United States, in Anchorage, Alaska on the grounds of the Anchorage Museum , cost an Estimated $ 565,000.
  • Another Time XI (2009) – Gormley’s sculpture on top of Exeter College, Oxford , Overlooking Broad Street [31]
  • Horizon Field (2010-2012) – sculpture installation in the Austrian Alps .
  • Exposure (2010) – Lelystad , Netherlands
  • Cloud Chain (2010) – Les Archives Nationales , Paris , France
  • Mothership with Standing Matter [32] (2011) Lillehammer , Norway
  • Witness (2011) – on the piazza of the British Library , London; commissioned by English PEN to market hun 90th anniversary. [33]
  • Horizon Field Hamburg (2012) – Deichtorhallen , Germany
  • Stay (2015/16) – Christchurch , New Zealand [20]


  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h Wroe, Nicholas; “Leader of the Pack” , 25 June 2005 (Retrieved: 6 August 2009)
  2. Jump up^ “The 100 must powerful people in British culture” . Daily Telegraph. 9 November 2016.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b c “Antony Gormley: Being Human” . Imagine . Autumn 2015. BBC . Retrieved 3 November 2015 .
  4. Jump up^ “Interview with Antony Gormley” . . Retrieved 1 February 2012 .
  5. ^ Jump up to:a b Phillips, Sarah (6 February 2012). “How we made: Vicken Parsons and Antony Gormley on Bed” . The Guardian . Retrieved 9 January 2016 .
  6. Jump up^ “Never again, says Antony Gormley’s wife after they ‘create first joint artwork” . London Evening Standard . 20 March 2012 . Retrieved 9 January 2016 .
  7. Jump up^ Jones, Alice (8 May 2015). “Sir Antony Gormley interview:” I do not have ANY choice about this: it’s what I was born to do’ ‘ . The Independent . Retrieved 9 January 2016 .
  8. ^ Jump up to:a b Antony Gormley: Making Space, Beeban Kidron documentary, 2007, shown on Channel 4 UK, November 2009;
  9. Jump up^ “Asian Field Tour 2003-2004” . Antony Gormley .
  10. ^ Jump up to:a b Event Horizon: Mad. Sq. Art .: Antony Gormley Madison Square installation guide
  11. ^ Jump up to:a bOne & Other – official website” (Retrieved: 6 August 2009)
  12. Jump up^ Nikkhah, Roya; “Antony Gormley to star in The Archers” , 28 June 2009 (Retrieved: 6 August 2009)
  13. Jump up^ “Bodyspace in New York at The Sean Kelly Gallery” . TimeOut. 2012-11-12 . Retrieved 2015-12-11 .
  14. Jump up^ “Four – Watch Live” . BBC. 1970-01-01 . Retrieved 2014-03-26 .
  15. Jump up^ 25 Mar 2014 (2009-06-26). “Today’s TV highlights” . Telegraph . Retrieved 2014-03-26 .
  16. Jump up^ “Country – An art installation for all to market Landmark’s 50th year” . Landmark Trust . Retrieved 8 July 2015 .
  17. Jump up^ “Sir Antony Gormley sculptures placed at five UK beauty spots” . BBC . Retrieved 8 July 2015 .
  18. Jump up^ “Sir Antony Gormley Kimmeridge Bay statue topples JSON sea” . BBC . Retrieved 22 September 2015 .
  19. Jump up^ Jones, Catherine. “Antony Gormley talks about Another Place” . liverpoolecho . Retrieved 2016-02-03 .
  20. ^ Jump up to:a b Campbell, Georgina (30 September 2015). “First Gormley statue put in place” . The Press . p. A3 . Retrieved 30 September 2015 .
  21. Jump up^ Higgins, Charlotte; “Antony Gormley, Turner prize winner 1994” , 8 September 2007 (Retrieved: 6 August 2009)
  22. Jump up^ Peter Walker, “Turner Prize winners lead protests Against arts cutbacks,”The Guardian, 1 October 2010.
  23. Jump up^ “Outstanding Achievement in Dance” Archived16 March 2011 at theWayback Machine. on the Olivier Awards website
  24. Jump up^ The London Gazette : (Supplement) no. 60728. p. 1 . 31 December 2013.
  25. Jump up^ “Antony Gormley (b. 1950)” .
  26. Jump up^ “Another Place”on Antony Gormley’s official website
  27. Jump up^ Karlsen, Gar. “Broken Column”
  28. Jump up^ Preece, RJ (2003). “Antony Gormley: Planets at British Library, London”,Sculpture (magazine)/ artdesigncafe. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
  29. Jump up^ Time Horizon Archived10 January 2007 at theWayback Machine., Archaeological Park or Scolacium
  30. Jump up^ Higgins, Hannah B.The Grid BookCambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2009. pp.273-74ISBN 978-0-262-51240-4
  31. Jump up^ “Antony Gormley – Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac” . . Retrieved 2014-03-26 .
  32. Jump up^ “Mothership with Standing Matter by Antony Gormley” .
  33. Jump up^ “The British Library Unveils new Antony Gormley sculpture to commemorate English PEN’s 90th anniversary” . 13 December 2011 . Retrieved 16 April 2015 .