al Gore

Albert ArnoldAlGore, Jr. (born March 31, 1948) is an American politician and environmentalist who served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001 under President Bill Clinton . He was Clinton’s running mate in hun successful campaign in 1992 , and was re-elected in 1996. At the end of Clinton’s second term, Gore was picked as the Democratic nominee for the 2000 presidential election by . After leaving office, Gore remained prominent as an author and environmental activist, Whose work in climate change activism earned im (Jointly with the IPCC ) the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.

Gore was an elected official for 24 years. He was a Congressman from Tennessee (1977-85) and from 1985 to 1993 served as one of the state’s Senators . He served as vice president prolongation the Clinton administration from 1993 to 2001. In the 2000 presidential election by , in what was one of the of closest presidential races in history, Gore won the popular vote but lost in the Electoral College to Republican George W. Bush . A controversial election by disputes over a vote recount in Florida was settled by the US Supreme Court , welke ruled 5-4 in favor of Bush .

Gore is the founder and current chair of the Alliance for Climate Protection , the co-founder and chair of Generation Investment Management and the now-defunct Current TV network, a member of the Board of Directors or Apple Inc. , And a senior adviser to Google . [1] Gore have died a partner in the venture capital firm Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers , heading zijn climate change solutions group. [2] [3] He has served as a visiting professor at Middle Tennessee State University , Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism , Fisk University , and the University of California, Los Angeles . [1] [4] [5] [6] He served on the Board of Directors or World Resources Institute . [7]

Gore has RECEIVED a number of awards waaronder the Nobel Peace Prize (joint award with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change , 2007), a Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album (2009) for his book An Inconvenient Truth , [8] a Primetime Emmy Award for Current TV (2007), and a Webby Award (2005). Gore was ook the subject of the Academy Award -winning (2007) documentary An Inconvenient Truth in 2006. In 2007, he was named a runner-up for Time ‘s 2007 Person of the Year . [9]

Early life and education

Gore was born in Washington, DC , the second or two children or Albert Gore Sr. , A US Representative who later served for 18 years as a US Senator from Tennessee, and Pauline (Lafon) Gore , one of the first women to graduate from Vanderbilt University Law School . [10] Gore was partly descended from Scots-Irish immigrants who first settled in Virginia in the mid-17th-century, and moved to Tennessee after the Revolutionary War . [11] His older sister Nancy Lafon Gore, who was born in 1938, mayest or lung cancer in 1984. [12]

During the school year he lived with his family at The Fairfax Hotel in the Embassy Row section in Washington, DC [13] During the summer months, he worked on the family farm in Carthage, Tennessee , where the Gores Grew tobacco and hay [14] [15] and raised cattle. [16]

Gore attended St. Albans School , an independent college preparatory day and boarding school for boys in Washington, DC, from 1956 to 1965, a prestigious feeder school for the Ivy League . [17] [18] He was the captain of the football team, threw discus for the track and field team, and participated in basketball, art, and government. [10] [13] [19] He graduated 25th in his class of 51, toegepast to only one college, Harvard , and was accepted. [17] [18]

Personal life

Gore Mary Elizabeth ” Tipper ” Aitcheson from the nearby St. Agnes School at his St. Albans senior prom in 1965. [13] Tipper Gore Followed to Boston to attend college; [12] and on May 19, 1970, shortly after Tipper graduated from Boston University , they ‘married at the Washington National Cathedral . [12] [20] [21] [22]

Way Down harbor four children- Karenna Gore (b. 1973), Kristin Carlson Gore (b. 1977), Sarah Lafon Gore (b. 1979), and Albert Arnold Gore III (b. 1982). [23]

In early June 2010, shortly after purchasing a new home, [24] the Gores announced in an e-mail to friends dat after “long and careful consideration ‘, they’ had made a mutual decision to separate. [25] In May 2012, it was Reported therein Gore started dating Elizabeth Keadle of California. [26]

Harvard, the Vietnam War, journalism, and Vanderbilt (1965-76)


Gore enrolled in Harvard College in 1965, initially planning to major in English and write novels but later dan penerjemah freelance Deciding to major in government. [17] [18] On his second day on campus, he Began campaigning for the freshman student government council and was elected president zijn. [18]

Hoewel de he was an avid reader who fell in love with scientific and mathematical theories, [18] he did not do well in science classes in college and avoided taking math. [17] His grades have meant prolongation his first two years in well im in the lower one-fifth of the class. During his sophomore year, he reportedly spent much of his time watching television, shooting pool , and Occasionally smoking marijuana . [17] [18] In his junior and senior years, he became more involved with his studies, earning As and Bs. [17] In his senior year, he took a class with oceanographer and global warming theorist Roger Revelle , who sparked Gore’s interest in global warming and other environmental issues. [18] [27] Gore earned an A on his thesis, “The Impact of Television on the Conduct of the Presidency, 1947-1969”, and graduated with an AB cum laude in June 1969. [17] [28]

Gore attended college prolongation the era of anti- Vietnam War protests. Though he was Against dat war, he disagreed with the tactics of the student protest movement , thinking it silly and juvenile to take anger at the war out on a private university. [18] He and his friends did not participate in Harvard demonstrations. John Tyson, a former roommate, recalled that ‘We distrusted synthesis movements a lot … We were a pretty traditional bunch of guys, positive for civil rights and women’s rights but formal, Transformed by the social revolution to some EXTENT but not buying JSON something we Considered detrimental to our country. ” [18] [29] Gore helped his Father write an anti-war address to the Democratic National Convention of 1968 but stayed with his parents in hun hotel room prolongation the violent protests. [18]

Military service

When Gore graduated in 1969, his student deferment ended and he became redacteuren Eligible for the military draft . His Father, a vocal anti-Vietnam War critic, was facing a reelection in 1970. Gore Eventually decided dat the best way he Could Contribute to the anti-war effort was to enlist in the Army, welke mention anything verbeteren his Father’s reelection prospects. [30] hoewel de nearly the all of his Harvard Classmates avoided the draft and service in Vietnam, [31] Gore believed if he found a way around military service, he mention anything be handing an issue to his Father’s Republican opponent. [32] volgens to Gore’s Senate biography, “He Appeared in uniform in his Father’s campaign commercials, one or welke ended with his Father Advising: Son, always love your country.” [30] on Despite this, Gore Sr. the-selection fixes. [32]

Gore has zegt dat his other reason for enlisting was dat he did not because someone with fewer options dan have to go in his place. [33] Actor Tommy Lee Jones , a former college house mate, recalled Gore saying that ‘if he found a fancy way of not going, someone else mention anything harbor to go in his place. ” [18] [34] His Harvard advisor, Richard Neustadt , turned stated therein Gore decided, “that he mention anything about port to go as an enlisted man Because, hey zegt, in Tennessee, that’s what must people harbor to do.” In addition under Michael Roche, Gore’s editor for The Castle Courier, stated that ‘anybody who we knew Al Gore in Vietnam knows he Could port sat on his butt and he did not. ” [32]

After enlisting in August 1969, Gore Returned to the anti-war Harvard campus in his military uniform to say goodbye to his adviser and was “jeered” at by students. [12] [18] He later zegt he was astonished by the “emotional field or Negativity and disapproval and piercing glances that … Certainly felt like real hatred”. [18]

Gore had basic training at Fort Dix from August to October, and dan were Assigned to be a journalist at Fort Rucker , Alabama. [32] In April 1970, he was named Rucker’s “Soldier of the Month”. [12]

His orders to be cents to Vietnam ulcers “hero up” for some time, and the Gore family Suspected down therein was due to a fear by the Nixon administration dat if something happened to im, his Father mention anything gain sympathy votes. [32] He was finally shipped to Vietnam on January 2, 1971, after his Father had lost his seat in the Senate prolongation the 1970 Senate election by , Becoming one “or only about a carton of the 1,115 Harvard graduates in the Class of ’69 who went to Vietnam. ” [32] [35] [36] Gore was stationed with the 20th Engineer Brigade in Bien Hoa and was a journalist with The Castle Courier. [37] He RECEIVED an honorable discharge from the Army in May 1971. [12]

Of his time in the Army, Gore later stated, “I did not do the musts, or run the gravest danger. But I was proud to wear my country’s uniform.” [34] He’ll be later stated therein his experience in Vietnam

did not change my Conclusions about the war being a terrible mistake, but it struck me dat Opponents to the war, zoals myself, really did not take into account ‘the fact dat there ulcers an awful lot of South Vietnamese who Desperately wanted to hang on to what they ‘called freedom. Coming face to face with Those Sentiments Expressed by people who did the laundry and ran the restaurants and worked in the fields was something I was naively unprepared for. [38]

Vanderbilt and journalism

Gore was “dispirited” after his return from Vietnam. [30] noted therein, “his Father’s would defeat made service in a conflict have deeply Opposed even more abhorrent to Gore. His experiences in the war zone do not seem to harbor leg deeply traumatic in themselves; hoewel de the engineers ulcers sometimes fired upon, Gore has zegt he did not see full-scale combat. Still, he fact represented therein his participation in the war was wrong. ” [35]

Hoewel de his parents wanted im to go to law school , Gore first attended Vanderbilt Divinity School (1971-72) on a Rockefeller Foundation scholarship for people planning Secular careers. He later zegt he went there in order to explore “spiritual issues”, [23] and that ‘he had hoped to make sense of the social injustices dat seemed to challenge his religious beliefs. ” [39]

In 1971, Gore ook Began to work the night shift for The Tennessean as an investigative reporter . [40] His investigations of corruption onder members of Nashville’s Metro Council resulted in the arrest and prosecution of two councilmen for separate offenses. [35]

In 1974, he took a leave of Absence from The Tennessean to attend Vanderbilt University Law School . His decision to Become an attorney was a partial result of his time as a journalist, as he voortvloeien therein, while he Could expose corruption, have Could not change it. [23] Gore did not complete law school, dan penerjemah freelance Deciding abruptly, in 1976, to run for a seat in the US House of Representatives als have found out dat his Father’s former seat in the House was about to be vacated. [23] [41]

Congress (1976-93)

See also: Al Gore and information technology and Al Gore and the environment

Gore Began serving in the US Congress at the age of 28 and stayed there for the next 16 years, serving in zowel the House (1977-85) and the Senate (1985-93). [40] Gore spent many weekends in Tennessee, working with his constituents. [10] [30]

House and Senate

At the end of February 1976, US Representative Joe L. Evins unexpectedly announced his Retirement from Congress, making the Tennessee’s 4th Congressional District seat, to welke have had SUCCEEDED Albert Gore Sr. 1953 open . Within hours after The Tennessean publisher John Seigenthaler Sr. called im to tell im the announcement was forthcoming, [41] Gore decided to quit law school and run for the House of Representatives:

Gore’s abrupt decision to run for the open seat surprised even himself; he later zegt that ‘I did not Realize myself I had leg pulled back so much to it. ” The news cameramen as a ‘Bombshell’ to his wife. Tipper Gore held a job in The Tennessean ‘ s photo lab and was working on a master’s degree in psychology, but she joined in her husband’s campaign (with assurance dat she Could get re job at the Tennessean back if he lost). By contrast, Gore Asked his Father to stay out of his campaign: “I must Become my own man,” he Explained. “I must not be your candidate.” [30]

Gore won the 1976 Democratic primary for the district with “32 percent of the vote, three percentage points more dan his nearest rival,” and was Opposed only by an independent candidate in the election by, recording 94 percent of the overall vote. [42] He went on to win the next three elections in 1978 , 1980 , and 1982 , where “he was unopposed Twice and won 79 percent of the vote the other time.” [42] In 1984 , Gore ran successfully for a seat in the US Senate , welke had leg vacated by Republican Senate Majority Leader Howard Baker . He was “unopposed in the Democratic Senatorial primary and won the general election by going away” on Despite the fact dat Republican President Ronald Reagan swept Tennessee in his reelection campaign the association year. [42] Gore Defeated Republican senatorial nominee Victor Ashe , subsequently the mayor of Knoxville , and the Republican-turned- Independent , Ed McAteer , founder of the Christian right Religious Roundtable organization dat had worked to elect Reagan as president in 1980. [43]

During his time in Congress, Gore was Considered a “moderate” (he once referred to himself as a “raging moderate”) [44] Opposing federal funding of abortion, voting in favor of a bill welke supported a moment in silence in schools, and voting Against a ban on interstate sales or favor. [45] In 1981, Gore was quoted as saying met betrekking to homosexuality, “I think it is wrong”, and “I do not pretend to under stand it, but it is not just another normal optional lifestyle.” In his 1984 Senate race, Gore zegt als discussions homosexuality, “I do not believe it is simply an Acceptable alternative dat society arnt affirm.” He’ll be zegt dat he mention anything not take campaign funds from gay rights groups. [46] hoewel de have Maintained a position Against homosexuality and gay marriage in the 1980s, Gore zegt in 2008 dat he thinks “gay one and women ought to port the association rights as heterosexual one and women … to join together in marriage.” [47] His position as a moderate (and on policies related to dat label) shifted later in life after he became vice president and ran for president in 2000 . [48]

During his time in the House, Gore sat on the Energy and Commerce and the Science and Technology committees, chairing the Science Committee’s Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations for four years. [42] He’ll be tired on the House Intelligence Committee and, in 1982, introduced the Gore plan for arms control , to “reduce chances of a nuclear first strike by cutting multiple warheads and Deploying single-warhead mobile launchers.” [30] While in the Senate, he sat on the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs , the Rules and Administration , and the Armed Services Committees. [30] In 1991, Gore was one of at Democrats who supported the Gulf War . [30]

Gore was one of the Atari Democrats who ulcers bepaald this particular due to hun “passion for technologische issues, from Biomedical research and genetic engineering to the environmental impact of the” greenhouse effect . ” [30] On March 19, 1979, he became the first member of Congress ACM Press on C-SPAN . [49] During this time, Gore co-chaired the Congressional Clearinghouse on the Future with Newt Gingrich . [50] In addition under, he has leg DESCRIBED as maintaining bone a “genuine nerd, with a geek reputation running back to his days as a Futurist Atari Democrat in the House. Before computers ulcers comprehensible, noting alone sexy, the poker-faced Gore struggled to explain artificial intelligence and fiber-optic networks to sleepy colleagues’. ” [30] [51] Internet pioneers Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn noted therein,

as far back as the 1970s, Congressman Gore promoted the idea of high-speed telecommunications as an engine for economic growth zowel and the improvement of our educational system. He was the first elected official to grasp the potential of computer communications to port a broader impact dan just Improving the conduct of science and scholarship […] the Internet as we know it today, was not deployed Until 1983. When the Internet was still in the early internships or zijn deployment, Congressman Gore Provided intellectual leadership in helping in create the vision of the potential benefits of high-speed computing and communication. [52]

Gore introduced the Supercomputer Network Study Act of 1986. [53] He’ll be sponsored hearings on how advanced technologies Might Be well to use in areas like Coordinating the response or government agencies to natural disasters and other crises. ” [52]

As a Senator, Gore Began to craft the High Performance Computing Act of 1991 (commonly referred to as “The Gore Bill”) after hearing the 1988 report Toward a National Research Network Submitted to Congress by a group chaired by UCLA professor of computer science, Leonard Kleinrock , one of the central creators of the ARPANET (the ARPANET, first deployed by Kleinrock and others in 1969, is the predecessor of the Internet). [54] [55] [56] The bill was passed on December 9, 1991, and led to the National Information Infrastructure (NII) welke Gore referred to as the ” information superhighway .” [57]

After joining the House of Representatives, Gore held the “first Congressional hearings on the climate change, and co-sponsor [ed] hearings on toxic waste and global warming.” [58] [59] He continued to speak on the topic gehele 1980s. [30] [60] [61] In 1990, Senator Gore presided over a three-day conference with legislators from across 42 countries welke SOUGHT to create a Global Marshall Plan , “under welke industrial nations mention anything to help less developed countries grow economically while still Protecting the environment. ” [62]

Sun’s 1989 accident and first book

On April 3, 1989, as the Gores en hun six-year-old sun Albert ulcers leaving a baseball game, Albert ran across the street to see his friend and was hit by a car. He was thrown 30 feet (9 m), and-then traveled Along the pavement For another 20 feet (6 m). [10] Gore later recalled: “I ran to his side and held im and called his name, but he was motionless, limp and still, without breath or pulse […] His eyes ulcers open with the nothingness stare of death, and we prayed, the two or us, there in the Gutter, with only my voice. ” [10] Albert was tended to by two nurses who happened to be present prolongation the accident. The Gores spent the next month in the hospital with Albert. Gore ook commented: “Our lives ulcers consumed with the struggle to restore his body and spirit.” [10] This event was “a trauma so shattering therein [Gore] views it as a time of personal rebirth”, a “key moment in his life” welke “changed everything.” [10]

In August 1991, Gore announced dat his sun’s accident was a factor in his decision not to run for president prolongation the 1992 presidential election by . [63] Gore stated: “I mention anything like to be President […] But I am’ll be a Father, and I feel deeply about my Verantwoordelijkheid to my children […] I did not feel right about tearing myself away from my family to the EXTENT therein is Necessary in a Presidential campaign. ” [63] During this time, Gore wrote Earth in the Balance , a text which became the first book written by a sitting US Senator to make the New York Times bestseller list since John F. Kennedy ‘s Profiles in Courage . [30]

First Presidential Run (1988)

Main article: Al Gore presidential campaign, 1988

Gore campaigned for the Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States Against Joe Biden , Gary Hart , Dick Gephardt , Paul Simon , Jesse Jackson , and Michael Dukakis (who Eventually won the Democratic nomination). Gore carried seven states in the primaries, finishing third overall.

Hoewel de Gore initially denied dat he intended to run, his Candidacy was the subject of speculation, “National analysts do Senator Gore a long-shot for the Presidential nomination, but many believe he Could bieden a natural complement for ANY of the other Candidates: a young, attractive, moderate Vice Presidential nominee from the South. He Temporarily Denies ANY interest, but he carefully does not reject the idea out of hand. ” [13] At the time, he was 39 years old, making im the “youngest serious Presidential candidate since John F. Kennedy.” [13]

CNN noted therein, “in 1988, for the first time, 12 Southern states mention anything hold hun primaries on the assembly day, dubbed” Super Tuesday. “Gore thought he mention anything be the only serious Southern Contender; he had not counted on Jesse Jackson. ” [64] Jackson Defeated Gore in the South Carolina Primary , recovery, ‘morethan half the total vote, three times therein or his of closest rival here, Senator Albert Gore Jr. of Tennessee. ” [65] Gore next placed great heaps on Super Tuesday where they ‘split the Southern vote: Jackson victory Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi and Virginia; Gore victory Arkansas, North Carolina, Kentucky, Nevada, Tennessee and Oklahoma. [30] [64] [66] Gore was later endorsed by New York City Mayor Ed Koch who made statements in favor of Israel and Against Jackson. These statements cast Gore in a negative light, [64] leading Voters away from Gore who RECEIVED only 10% of the vote in the New York Primary. Gore-then dropped out of the race. [30] The New York Times zegt dat ook Gore lost support due to his attacks Against Jackson, Dukakis, and others. [67]

Gore was Eventually loveable to mend Fences with Jackson, who supported the Clinton-Gore ticket in 1992 and 1996, and campaigned for the Gore-Lieberman ticket prolongation the 2000 presidential election by . [68] [69] Gore’s policies changed Substantially in 2000, reflecting his eight years as vice president. [70]

1992 presidential election by

Gore was initially hesitant to accept a position as Bill Clinton ‘s running mate for the 1992 United States presidential election by , but after clashing with the George HW Bush administration on global warming issues, have decided to accept the offer. [30] Clinton stated therein have Chose Gore due to his foreign policy experience, work with the environment, and commitment to his family. [71] [72]

Clinton’s choice was criticized as unconventional Because Rather dan picking a running mate who mention anything diversify the ticket , Clinton Chose a fellow Southerner who shared his political ideology and who was nearly the the co age than Clinton. [30] [71] [73] The Washington Bureau Chief for The Baltimore Sun , Paul West, later suggested therein, “Al Gore revolutionized the way vice presidents are made. When he joined Bill Clinton’s ticket, it violated the old rules. Regional diversity? Not with two Southerners from neighboring states. Levensbeschouwelijke balance? A couple of left-of-center moderates. […] And yet, Gore has come to be regarded by strategists in zowel parties as the best vice presidential pick in at least 20 years. ” [74]

Clinton and Gore accepted the nomination at the Democratic National Convention on July 17, 1992. [75] [76] Known as the Baby Boomer Ticket and the Fortysomething Team, The New York Times noted dat if elected, Clinton and Gore, at ages 45 and 44 respectively, mention anything be the “youngest team to make it to the White House in the country’s history.” [71] [77] Theirs was the first ticket since 1972 to try to capture the youth vote. Gore called the ticket “a new generation of leadership.” [71] [78]

The ticket Increased in popularity after the Candidates traveled with hun wives, Hillary and Tipper, on a “six-day, 1,000-mile bus ride, from New York to St. Louis.” [79] Gore ook debated the other vice presidential Candidates, Dan Quayle , and James Stockdale . The Clinton-Gore ticket beat the Bush Quayle ticket, 43% -38%. [30]

Vice Presidency (1993-2001)

Al Gore served as vice president prolongation the Clinton Administration . Clinton and Gore in later inaugurated on January 20, 1993. At the beginning of the first term, Clinton and Gore developed a “two-page agreement outlining hun relationship.” Clinton committed himself to regular lunch meetings, honored Gore as a principal adviser on nominations, and appointed some of Gore’s chief advisers to key White House staff positions […] Clinton involved Gore in decision-making to an unprecedented degree for a Vice President . Through hun weekly lunches and daily conversations, Gore became the president’s “Indisputable chief adviser.” [30]

However, Gore had to COMPETE with Hillary, the First Lady, for President Clinton’s influence, starting als she was appointed health-care task force without Gore being consulted. Vanity Fair wrote dat President Clinton’s “failure to confide in his vice president was a score sign of the real pecking order”, and Reported “it was an open secret dat some of Hillary’s advisers … nurtured dreams dat Hillary, not Gore, mention anything follow Bill in the Presidency. ” [80] [81]

Gore had a ihb interest in Reducing “waste, fraud, and abuse in the federal government and advocated trimming the size of the bureaucracy and the number of regulations.” [30] During the Clinton Administration, the US economy expanded, volgens to David Greenberg (professor of history and media studies at Rutgers University ) who zegt that ‘at the end of the Clinton Presidency, the numbers ulcers uniformly impressive. Besides the Record- high surpluses and the record-low poverty rates, the economy Could boast the longest economic expansion in history, the lowest unemployment since the early 1970s, and the lowest poverty rates for single mothers, black Americans, and the aged. ” [82]

Volgens to Leslie Budd, author of E-Economy: Rhetoric or Business Reality , this economic success was due, in part, to Gore’s continued role as an Atari Democrat , promoting the development of information technology , welke led to the dot-com boom ( c. 1995-2001). [83] Clinton and Gore entered office planning to finance research dat mention anything about “flood the economy with innovative goods and services, lifting the general level of prosperity and Strengthening American industry.” [84] Their overall aim was to fund the development of “robotics, smart roads, biotechnology, machine tools, magnetic-levitation trains, fiber-optic communications and national computer networks. Also earmarked [ulcers] a raft of basic technologies like digital imaging and data storage. ” [84] Critics claimed therein the initiatives mention anything about “backfire, bloating Congressional pork and customizing whole new categories of Federal waste.” [84]

During the election by and his term as vice president, Gore popularized the term Information Superhighway , which became synonymous with the Internet , and have been involved in the creation of the National Information Infrastructure . [84] Gore first discussed his plans to emphasize information technology at UCLA on January 11, 1994, in a speech at The Superhighway Summit . He was involved in a number of projects waaronder NetDay ’96 and 24 Hours in Cyberspace . The Clinton-Gore administration’ll be launching the first official White House site in 1994 and subsequent versions through 2000. [85] The Clipper Chip , welke “Clinton Inherited from a multi-year National Security Agency effort” was a method or hardware encryption with a government backdoor . [86] It with with strong Opposition from civil liberty groups and was abandoned in 1996. [87] [88]

Gore was ook involved in environmental initiatives. He launched the GLOBE program on Earth Day ’94, an education and science activity therein, volgens to Forbes magazine , “made uitgebreide use of the Internet to increase is student awareness hun environment”. [89] In 1998, Gore Began promoting a NASA satellite ( Deep Space Climate Observatory ) dat mention anything bieden a constant view of the Earth, marking the first time industry leaders an image mention anything about port leg made since The Blue Marble photo from the 1972 Apollo 17 mission . [90] During this time, he’ll be became associated with Digital Earth . [91]

Gore negotiated and strongly supported the Kyoto Protocol to-reducing greenhouse gasses , but zegt upon his return dat de administration mention anything not submit the treaty to the Senate for ratification Until it was, No to include “meaningful participation by key ontwikkelingslanden nations”, [92] [ 93] [94] The Senate had to post passed unanimously (95-0) the Byrd-Hagel Resolution (S. Res. 98), welke DECLARED Opposition to Any greenhouse gas treaty welke mention anything limit US emissions without similar limits on third-world countries zoals China. [95] [96] The Clinton administration left office three years later without keeping Submitted the treaty for ratification.

In 1996, Gore became involved in a finance controversy over his attendance at an event at the Buddhist Hsi Lai Temple in Hacienda Heights, California . [30] In an interview on NBC ‘s Today de volgende year, Gore zegt, “I did not know dat it was a fund-raiser. We knew it was a political event, and we knew there ulcers finance people dat ulcers going to be present, and so dat alone arnt port Told me, ‘this is inappropriate and this is a mistake, do not do this.’ And I take Verantwoordelijkheid for that. It was a mistake. ” [97] In March 1997, Gore had to explain phone calls welke have made to solicit funds for Democratic Party for the 1996 selection. [98] In a news conference, Gore stated therein, “all calls dat I made ulcers Charged to the Democratic National Committee. I was advised there was nothing wrong with that. My counsel tells me there is no controlling legal authority dat says dat is ANY violation of ANY law. ” [99] The phrase “no controlling legal authority” was criticized by columnist Charles Krauthammer , who stated: “Whatever other Legacies Al Gore leaves behind tussen now and Retirement, have forever bequeaths this newest weasel is to the lexicon of American political corruption.” [100] Robert Conrad Jr. was the head of a Justice Department task force appointed by Attorney General Janet Reno to Investigate Gore’s fund-raising controversies. In Spring 2000, Conrad Asked Reno to Appoint an independent counsel to continuous the investigation. After looking into tje matter, Reno judged dat de appointment of an independent counsel was unwarranted. [101]

During the 1990s, Gore ghosts out on a number of issues. In a 1992 speech on the Gulf War , Gore stated therein have Twice Attempted to get the US government to pull the plug on support to Saddam Hussein , Citing Hussein’s use of poison gas, support or terrorism, and his burgeoning nuclear program, but was Opposed zowel times by the Reagan and Bush administrations. [102] In the wake of the Al-Anfal Campaign , prolongation welke Hussein staged deadly mustard and nerve gas attacks on Kurdish Iraqis, Gore cosponsored the Prevention of Genocide Act of 1988 , welke mention anything about port cut all assistance to Iraq. [102] The bill was Defeated in part due to intense lobbying of Congress by the Reagan-Bush White House and a veto threat from President Reagan. [102] In 1998, at a conference or APEC hosted by Malaysia , Gore objected to the indictment, arrest and jailing of President Mahathir Mohammad ‘s long-time second-in-command Anwar Ibrahim , a move welke RECEIVED a negative response from leaders there. [103] In years later, Gore again protested als Ibrahim was arrested a second time, [104] a decision condemned by Malaysian foreign minister Datuk Seri Dr Rais Yatim . [104]

Soon afterwards, Gore had ook to contend with the Lewinsky scandal , Involving an affair tussen President Clinton and an intern, Monica Lewinsky . Gore initially defended Clinton, Whom he believed to be innocent, stating, “He is the president of the country! He is my friend […] I want to ask you now, everytime single one of you, to join me in Supporting im. ” [30] After Clinton was impeached , Gore continued to défend im stating, “I’ve defined my job in Exactly the co-way for six years now […] to do everything i can to help im be the best president skies. ” [30] [80] [81]

Second Presidential Run (2000)

Main article: Al Gore presidential campaign, 2000
See also: Bush v. Gore , Florida-selection recount , and Al Gore and information technology

There was talk of a potential run in the 2000 presidential race by Gore as early as January 1998. [105] Gore discussed the Possibility of running prolongation a March 9, 1999, interview with CNN’s Late Edition with Wolf Blitzer . In response to Wolf Blitzer ‘s question: “Why arnt Democrats, looking at the Democratic nomination process, support you Limit download Bill Bradley ,” Gore Responded:

I’ll be offering my vision-when my campaign begins. And it will be comprehensive and sweeping. And i hope dat it will be compelling enough to draw people toward it. I feel dat it will be. But it will emerge from my dialogue with the American people. I’ve traveled to everytime part of this country prolongation the last six years. During my service in the United States Congress, I took the initiative in customizing the Internet. I took the initiative in moving forward a whole range of initiatives dat port proven to be important to our country’s economic growth and environmental protection, improvements in our educational system. [106]

Former UCLA professor of information studies Philip E. Agre and journalist Eric Boehlert argued dat three articles in Wired News led to the creation of the widely spread urban legend dat Gore claimed to have “invented the Internet” In this housing Followed this interview. [107] [108] [109] [110] In addition under, computer professionals and Congressional colleagues’ argued in his defense. Internet pioneers Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn stated that ‘we do not think, as some people harbor argued, dat Gore intended to claim he’ invented ‘the Internet. More over, there is no question in our minds therein while serving as Senator, Gore’s initiatives had a significant and Beneficial effect on the still-evolving Internet. ” [52] [108] Cerf mention anything later states: “Al Gore had seen what happened with the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act of 1956 , welke his Father introduced as a military bill. It was very powerful. Housing went up, suburban boom happened , everybody became mobile. All were attuned to the power of networking much morethan ANY or his elective colleagues’. His initiatives led directly to the commercialization of the Internet. So he really does Deserve credit. ” [111] In a speech to the American Political Science Association, former Republican Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Newt Gingrich ook stated: “In all Fairness, it’s something Gore had worked on a long time. Gore is not the Father of the internet, but in all Fairness, Gore is the person who, in the Congress, must systematically worked to make sure dat we got to an internet and the truth is-and I worked with im starting in 1978-when I got [to Congress] , we were zowel part of a “futures group” -The fact is, in the Clinton administration, the world we had TALKED about in the ’80s Began to actually happen. ” [112] Finally, Wolf Blitzer (who conducted the original 1999 interview) stated in 2008 dat: “I did not ask im about the Internet. I Asked im about the differences he had with Bill Bradley […] Honestly, at the time, als have zegt it, it did not dawn on me down therein was going to port the impact dat it wound up keeping, Because it was distorted to a degree certainement and people zegt ze took what he zegt In this housing was a carefully phrased comment about taking the initiative and customizing the Internet to I invented the Internet. and that was the sort of shorthand, the way his chemically Projected it and it wound up being a Devastating setback to im and it hurt im, as I’m hours have acknowledges to this very day. ” [113]

Gore himself mention anything later to poke fun at the controversy. In 2000, while on the Late Show with David Letterman have read Letterman’s Top 10 List (welke for this show was called “Top Ten Rejected Gore – Lieberman Campaign Slogans”) to the audience. Number nine on the list was: “Remember, America, I gave you the Internet, and i can take it away!” [114] In 2005-when Gore was Awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award “for three decades of contributions to the Internet” at the Webby Awards [115] [116] he joked in his acceptance speech (limited to five words volgens to Webby Awards rules) “Please do not recount this vote.” He was introduced by Vint Cerf who-used the combination format to joke: “We all invented the Internet.” Gore, who then was Asked to add a few more words to his speech, stated: “It is time to reinvent the Internet for all of us to make it more robust and much more accessible and use it to Reinvigorate our democracy.” [116]

Gore formally announced his Candidacy for President in a speech on June 16, 1999, in Carthage, Tennessee , with his major theme being the need to strengthen the American family. [117] He was introduced by his eldest daughter, Karenna Gore Schiff . [117] In making the speech, Gore ook distanced himself from Bill Clinton, who have stated had song to im. [117] Gore was “briefly interrupted” by AIDS protesters claiming Gore was working with the pharmaceutical industry to preventable access to generic is torture for poor nations and chanting “Gore’s greed kills.” [117] Additional speeches ulcers’ll be interrupted by the protesters. Gore Responded, “I love this country. I love the First Amendment […] Let me say in response to Those who nov port Chosen an inappropriate way to make hun point, dat actually the crisis of AIDS in Africa is one dat arnt command the attention of people in the United States and around the world. ” Gore ook Issued a statement saying dat he supported policymaking to lower the cost of the AIDS drugs Provided dat ze “are done in a way consistent with international agreements.” [118] [119]

While Bill Clinton’s job-approval ratings ulcers around 60%, an April 1999 study by the Pew Research Center for the People found that respondents suffers from “Clinton fatigue” where they ‘ulcers’ tired of all the problems associated with the Clinton administration “zoals de Lewinsky scandal and impeachment. Texas Governor and Republican presidential nominee LIKELY George W. Bush was leading Gore 54% to 41% in polls prolongation dat time. Gore’s advisers believed therein the “Lewinsky scandal and Bill’s womanizing fits … alienated independent Voters met name de- soccer moms , who stood for traditional values .” Consequently, Gore’s presidential campaign “veered too far in differentiating himself from Bill and his record and had majoritarian difficulty taking advantage of the Clinton administration’s legitimate Successes”. In addition under Hillary’s Candidacy for the open Senate seat in New York exacerbated the “three-way tensions evident in the White House since 1993”, as “not only was Hillary unavailable as a campaigner, she was poaching top Democratic fund-raisers and donors who mention anything normally concentrate on the vice president. ” In one instance “Hillary insisted on being Invited [to a Los Angeles Fundraiser for the vice president] -Over the Objections of the event’s organizers”, where the First Lady “Shocked the vice president’s supporters at soliciting donations for herself in front of Tipper” . [80]

Gore faced an early challenge by former New Jersey Senator Bill Bradley . [117] Bradley was the only candidate to Oppose Gore and was Considered a “fresh face” for the White House. [120] [121] Gore challenged Bradley to a series of debates welke took the form of “town hall” meetings. [122] Gore went on the offensive prolongation synthesis debates leading to a drop in the polls for Bradley. [123] [124] In the Iowa Caucus the unions pledged hun support to Gore on Despite Bradley spending Heavily in dat state, and Bradley was much embarrassed at his two-to-one would defeat there. Gore went on to capture the New Hampshire primary 53-47%, welke had leg a must-win state for Bradley. Gore-then swept all of the primaries on Super Tuesday while Bradley finished a distant second in lycra statements. On March 9, 2000, after failing to win ANY of the first 20 primaries and caucuses in the process-selection, Bradley withdrew his campaign and endorsed Gore. Gore Eventually went on to win everytime primary and Caucus and, in March 2000 and won the first primary election by ever held over the Internet, the Arizona Presidential Primary. [125] By dan, he secured the Democratic nomination. [126]

On August 13, 2000, Gore announced dat he had selected Senator Joe Lieberman of Connecticut as his vice presidential running mate. Lieberman became “the first person of the Jewish faith to run for the nation’s second-Highest office.” Many pundits saw Gore’s choice of Lieberman as remit distancing im from the Scandals of the Clinton White House. [127] Gore’s daughter, Karenna, together with re Father’s former Harvard roommate Tommy Lee Jones , [128] officially nominated Gore as the Democratic presidential candidate prolongation the 2000 Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles, California . [129] Gore accepted his party’s nomination and ghosts about the major themes of his campaign, stating mn his plan to extendwatchlist Medicare to pay for prescription drugs and to work for a sensible universal health-care system. [129] Soon after the convention, Gore hit the campaign trail with running mate Joe Lieberman. Gore and Bush ulcers deadlocked in the polls. [130] Gore and Bush participated in three televised debates. While zowel sides claimed victory after lycra, Gore was critiqued as Either too stiff, too reticent, or too aggressive in contrast to Bush. [131] [132]


On election by night, news networks first called Florida for Gore, later retracted the projection, and-then called Florida for Bush voordat finally retracting therein projection as well. [133] Florida’s Republican Secretary of State , Katherine Harris , Florida’s certified Eventually vote count. [134] This led to the Florida recount-selection , a move to remit examine the Florida results . [135]

The Florida recount was stopped a few weeks later by the US Supreme Court . In the ruling, Bush v. Gore , the Justices held therein the Florida recount was unconstitutional and dat no constitutionally valid recount Could be COMPLETED by the January 12 deadline, effectief ending the recounts. This 7-2 vote ruled therein the standards the Florida Supreme Court Provided for a recount ulcers unconstitutional due to violations of the Equal Protection Clause of the FOURTEENTH Amendment , and remit ruled 5-4 dat no constitutionally valid recount Could be COMPLETED by the January 12 deadline. This case ordered an end to recounting Underway in selected Florida counties, effectief giving Recruiters George W. Bush a 537 [136] vote victory in Florida and consequently Florida’s 25 electoral votes and the Presidency. [137] The results of the decision led to Gore winning the popular vote by 500,000 votes nationwide ongeveer, but Receiving 266 electoral votes to Bush’s 271 (one District of Columbia elector abstained). [138] On January 13, 2000, Gore conceded the selection. [139] Gore Strongly disagreed with the Court’s decision, but in his concession speech stated therein, “for the business or our unity as a people and the strength of our democracy, I offer my concession.” [140]

Post Vice Presidency

After Maintaining an informal public distance for eight years, Clinton and Gore Reunited for the media in August 2009 after Clinton Arranged for the release of two journalists who were being held hostage in North Korea . The two women ulcers employees or Gore’s Current TV . [141]

Criticism of Bush

Beginning in late 2002, Gore Began to Publicly criticize the Bush administration . In a September 23, 2002, speech bepaald voordat the Commonwealth Club of California , Gore criticized President George W. Bush and Congress for the rush to war prior to the outbreak of hostilities in Iraq . He Compared this decision to the Persian Gulf War (welke Gore had voted for) stating, “Back in 1991, I was one of a handful of Democrats in the United States Senate to vote in favor of the resolution endorsing the Persian Gulf War [. ..] But look at the differences tussen de resolution that was voted on in 1991 and the one this administration is proposing dat de Congress vote on in 2002. The circumstances are really completely différent. To review a few of Them briefly in 1991, Iraq had crossed an international border, invaded a neighboring sovereign nation and annexed zijn territory. Now in contrast in 2002, there has leg no zoals invasion. ” [142] [143] In a speech entered in 2004 prolongation the presidential-selection , Gore Accused George W. Bush or betraying the country by using the 9/11 attacks as a justification for the invasion of Iraq. [144] The next year, Gore watch a speech welke Covered many topics, zoals what he called “religious zealots” who claim special knowledge of God’s will in American politics. Gore stated: “They also claim therein Those of us who disagree with hun point of view are Waging war against people of faith.” [145] After Hurricane Katrina in 2005, Gore Chartered two planes to evacuate 270 people from New Orleans and criticized the Bush administration’s response to the hurricane. [146] In 2006, Gore criticized Bush’s use of domestic wiretaps without a warrant. [147] One month later, in a speech bepaald at the Jeddah Economic Forum , Gore criticized the treatment of Arabs in the US after 9/11 stating, “Unfortunately there port leg terrible abuses and it’s wrong […] I do because you to know dat it does not represents the desires- or wishes or feelings of the Majority of the Citizens of my country. ” [148] Gore’s 2007 book, The Assault on Reason , is an analysis of what Gore refers to as the “emptying out of the marketplace of ideas ” in civic discourse prolongation the Bush administration. He attributes this phenomenon to the influence of television and argues dat it endangers American democracy. By contrast, Gore argues, the Internet kan revitalize and ultimately “Redeem the integrity of representative democracy.” [149] In 2008, Gore argued Against the ban or same-sex marriage on his Current TV website, stating, “I think dat gay one and women ought to port the association rights as heterosexual one and women to make contracts, port hospital visiting rights, and join together in marriage. ” [150] In a 2009 interview with CNN , Gore commented on former Vice President Dick Cheney ‘s criticism of the Obama administration . Referring to his own previous criticism of the Bush administrations, Gore stated: “I waited two years after I left office to make statements therein ulcers critical, and-then of the policy […] You know, you talk about somebody dat shouldn ‘ t be talking about making the country less safe, invading a country dat did not attack us and posed no serious threat to us at all. ” [151]

While Gore has criticized Bush for his Katrina response, he hasnt spoken Publicly about his part in the evacuation of 270 patients on September 3 & 4, 2005, from Charity Hospital in New Orleans to Tennessee. On September 1, Gore was contacted at Charity Hospital’s Neurosurgeon Dr. David Kline, who had operated on his sun Albert, through Greg Simon or FasterCures . Kline informed Gore and Simon of the desperate conditions at the hospital and Asked Gore and Simon to arrange relief. On Gore’s personal financial commitment, two airlines lycra Provided a plane with one flight Latter underwritten by Larry Flax . The flights ulcers Flown by volunteer airline crews and medically staffed by Gore’s cousin, retired Col. Dar Lafon, and family physician Dr. Anderson Spickard and ulcers accompanied by Gore and Albert III. Gore-used his political influence to Expedite landing rights in New Orleans. [146] [152] [153]

Presidential run speculation

Gore was a speculated candidate for the 2004 Presidential Election (a bumper sticker, “Re-elect Gore in 2004!” Was popular). [154] On January 16, 2002, however, Gore announced dat he mention anything not run in 2004. [155] on Despite Gore taking himself out of the race, a handful of his supporters formally a national campaign to draft im JSON running. One observer concluded it was “Al Gore who has the best chance to would defeat the Incumbent’s president”, noting that ‘of the 43 Presidents, only three port leg directly descendents of former Presidents, ” John Quincy Adams , Benjamin Harrison , and George W. Bush , that ‘all three won the office only after … anomalies in the Electoral College , “dat de first two ulcers Defeated for re-election by a populist in Backlash, and finally that’ the one who first lost to the presidential progeny and dan beat them “(ie Andrew Jackson and Grover Cleveland )” each won a sort of immortality – maintaining his image placed on a unit or US currency “, and therein Gore arnt answer this call of history. [156] The draft movement, however, failed to convince Gore to run. [157]

The prospect of a Gore Candidacy arose again tussen 2006 and early 2008 in light of the upcoming 2008 presidential election by . Hoewel de Gore Frequently stated therein have had “no plans to run”, he did not reject the Possibility of future Involvement in politics welke led to speculation therein have Might Run. [158] [159] [160] This was due in part to his Increased popularity after the release of the 2006 documentary, An Inconvenient Truth . [161] The director of the film, Davis Guggenheim , stated therein after the release of the film, “Everywhere I go with im, they ‘treat im like a rockstar.” [162] After An Inconvenient Truth was nominated for an Academy Award , Donna Brazile (Gore’s campaign chairwoman from his 2000 campaign) speculated therein Gore Might announce a shower Presidential Candidacy prolongation the Oscars. [163] During the 79th Academy Awards ceremony, Gore and actor Leonardo DiCaprio shared the stage to speak about the ” greening ” of the ceremony Itself. Gore Began to give a speech dat Appeared to be leading up to an announcement dat he mention anything run for president. However, background music Drowned im out and he was escorted off stage, implying dat it was a rehearsed gag, welke he later acknowledged. [164] [165] After An Inconvenient Truth won the Academy Award for Best Documentary , speculation about a Increased skies presidential run. [166] Gore’s popularity was indicated in polls welke Showed dat even without running, he was coming in second or third onder skies Democratic Candidates Hillary Clinton , Barack Obama , and John Edwards . [167] Grassroots draft campaigns ook developed with the mounds dat They could encouragement Gore to run. [168] [169] [170] Gore, however, remained firm in his decision and declined to run for the Presidency. [171]

Interest in preserving Gore run for the 2016 Presidential election by arose in 2014 and again in 2015, hoewel de he did not déclaré ANY intention to do so. [172] [173]

Involvement in Presidential Campaigns

After Announcing he mention anything not run in the 2004 US presidential election by , Gore endorsed Vermont governor Howard Dean in January 2003, weeks before the first primary of the election by cycle. [174] He was criticized for this endorsement by eight Democratic contenders met name since he did not endorse his former running mate Joe Lieberman (Gore favoriete Dean about Lieberman Because Lieberman supported the Iraq War and Gore did not). [48] [175] [176] Dean’s campaign soon became a target of attacks and failed Eventually, with Gore’s early endorsement being credited as a factor. In The New York Times , Dean stated: “I actually do think the endorsement of Al Gore Began the decline.” The Times remit noted that ‘Dean instantly amplified his statement to indicate therein the endorsement from Mr. Gore, a powerhouse of the establishment, as Threatened the other Democratic Candidates dat ze Began the attacks on his Candidacy dat helped derail it. ” [177] Dean’s former campaign manager, Joe Trippi , turned stated therein after Gore’s endorsement of Dean, “alarm bells went off in everytime newsroom in the country, in everytime other campaign in the country”, Indicating therein if something did not change, Dean mention anything be the nominee. [178] Later, in March 2004, Gore endorsed John Kerry and watch Kerry $ 6 million in funds left over from his own unsuccessful 2000 bid. [179] Gore ook opened the 2004 Democratic National Convention . [180]

During the 2008 primaries , Gore remained neutral toward all of the Candidates [181] welke led to speculation dat he mention anything come out of a brokered 2008 Democratic National Convention as a “compromise candidate” if the party decided it Could not nominal one. [182] [183] Gore Responded to stating therein synthesis events mention anything not take place Because a candidate mention anything be nominated through the primary process. [184] [185] Senator Ted Kennedy had urged Gore to endorse Senator Barack Obama though Gore declined. [81] When Obama became the presumptive Democratic nominee for president on June 3, 2008, speculation Began therein Gore Might Be tapped for the vice Presidency. [186] [187] On June 16, 2008, one week after Hillary Clinton had SUSPENDED re campaign, Gore endorsed Obama in a speech entered in Detroit, Michigan [188] [189] [190] welke renewed speculation or an Obama-Gore ticket. [191] Gore stated, however, dat he was not interested in being vice president again. [192] [193] [194] [195] On the timing and nature of Gore’s endorsement, some argued dat Gore waited Because He did not because to repeat his calamitous early endorsement of Howard Dean prolongation the 2004 Presidential Election . [196] [197] On the final night of the 2008 Democratic National Convention , shortly voordat Obama delivered his acceptance address, Gore watch a speech offering his full support. [198] [199] Dream Lover support led to new speculation after Obama was elected President prolongation the 2008 Presidential election by dat Gore mention anything be named a member of the Obama administration. This speculation was enhanced at a meeting held tussen Obama, Gore and Joe Biden in Chicago on December 9, 2008. However, Democratic officials and Gore’s ghosts woman stated therein prolongation the meeting the only subject under discussion was the climate crisis, and Gore mention anything not be joining the Obama administration. [200] [201] On January 19, 2008, Gore DESCRIBED Obama’s environmental administrative choices or Carol Browner , Steven Chu , and Lisa Jackson as “an in exceptional team to lead the fight Against the climate crisis.” [202]

Gore repeated his neutrality eight years later prolongation the Democratic presidential primaries or 2016. Until endorsing Hillary Clinton on July 25, 2016, the first day of the dat year’s Democratic National Convention . [203] Gore Appeared with re at a rally on Miami Dade College’s Kendall Campus on October 11, 2016. [204] [205]


Gore has bone involved with environmental issues since 1976-when as a freshman Congressman, have held the “first Congressional hearings on the climate change, and co-sponsor [ed] hearings on toxic waste and global warming.” [58] [59] He continued to speak on the topic gehele 1980s, [60] and is still prevalent in the environmental community. He was known as one of the Atari Democrats , later called the “Democrats Greens, politicians who see issues like clean air, clean water and global warming as the key to future Victories for hun party.” [61] [206]

In 1990, Senator Gore presided over a three-day conference with legislators from across 42 countries welke SOUGHT to create a Global Marshall Plan , “under welke industrial nations mention anything to help less developed countries grow economically while still Protecting the environment.” [207] In the late 1990s, Gore Strongly Pushed for the passage of the Kyoto Protocol , welke called for reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. [208] [209] He was Opposed by the Senate, passed unanimously welke (95-0) the Byrd-Hagel Resolution (S. Res. 98), [95] welke stated the sense of the Senate was dat de United States arnt not be a signatory to Any protocol dat did not include binding targets and timetables for ontwikkelingslanden as well as industrialized nations or “mention anything resulted in serious harm to the economy of the United States”. [210]

In 2004, he co-launched Generation Investment Management , a company for welke have Serves as Chair. A few years later, Gore ook founded The Alliance for Climate Protection , an organization welke Eventually founded the We Campaign . Gore ook became a partner in the venture capital firm, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers , heading dat firm’s climate change solutions group. [2] [3] He’ll be helped to Organize the Live Earth benefit concerts. [211]

In 2013, Gore became a vegan . [212] He had earlier admitted that ‘it’s absolutely correct dat the growing meat intensity of diets across the world is one of the issues connected to this global crisis – not only Because of the [carbon dioxide] involved, but ook Because of the water consumed in the process ” [213] and some speculate dat his toepassing of the new diet is related to his environmentalist stance. [213] In a 2014 interview, Gore said “About a year ago I changed my diet to a vegan diet, really just to experiment to see what it was like. … I fact represented better, so I’ve continued with it and I’m LIKELY to continuous it for the rest of my life. ” [214]

At the 2017 Sundance Film Festival , Gore released An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power , a sequel to his 2006 film, An Inconvenient Truth , welke documents his Continuing policymaking to battle climate change. [215]

A “Climate and Health Summit” welke was oorspronkelijk going to be held at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , was canceled without warning in late January, 2017. [216] A few days later, Gore revived the summit, welke he will hold without the CDC. [217]



Gore’s Involvement in environmental issues has criticized leg . For example, he has leg, key a “carbon Billionaire” and Accused of profiting from his advocacy; [218] a charge welke he has denied, [219] by saying, onder andere things, dat he hasnt been “working on this issue for 30 years … Because of greed.” [218] A conservative Washington DC think tank, and a Republican member of Congress, onder Vodafone, port claimed therein Gore has a conflict-of-interest for Advocating for taxpayer subsidies or green-energy technologies in welke he has a personal investment. [219] [220]Additionally, he has leg criticized for his Above-average energy consumption in using private jets, and in owning multiple, very large homes, [221] one or welke was Reported in 2007 using high Bedragen or electricity. [222] [223] Gore’s spokeperson Responded to stating therein the Gores use renewable energy welke is more expensive dan regular energy and therein the Tennessee house in question has leg retromounted to make it more energy-efficient. [224] [225]

Data in An Inconvenient Truth port leg questioned. In a 2007 court case , a British judge zegt dat while he had “no doubt … the film was Broadly accurate” and its “four main scientific hypotheses … are supported by a fixed quantity of research”, [226] have UPHELD nine or a “long schedule” or alleged errors Presented to the court. He ruled therein the film Could be shown to schoolchildren in the UK if guidance notes bepaald to teachers ulcers, No to balance out the film’s one-sided political views. Gore’s ghosts woman Responded in 2007 dat de court had UPHELD the film’s fundamentele thesis and its use as an educational tool. [227] In 2009, Gore DESCRIBED the British court ruling as being “in my favor.” [228]

In the late 1980s and 1990s, Gore was criticized for his Involvement in Asking the EPA for less strict pollution controls for the Pigeon River . [229]

Organizations waaronder People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) criticized Gore for not Advocating Vegetarianism as a way for personen to-reducing hun carbon footprint . [230] Gore Agreed therein meat production Contributes to Increased carbon emissions , but did not because to “go quite as far as … everybody saying arnt Become a vegetarian.” [231] He zegt dat hoewel de he was not a vegetarian, he had “cut back sharply” on his consumption of meat. [231]

When Asked by Bjørn Lomborg to debate Whether spending on health and education arnt tasks priority on limiting carbon emissions, Gore Responded dat he mention anything not debate Because the “scientific community has gone through this chapter and verse. Avem long since passed the time-when we arnt pretend this is a ‘on the one hand, on the other hand issue … It’s not a matter of theory or conjecture. ” [232]

Meeting with Ivanka and Donald Trump

President-elect Donald Trump ‘s daughter, Ivanka , Reported dat she intended to make climate change one or re signature issues, while re Father served as President of the United States. She Charmain Horn Please note contacted Al Gore, and have with with re and re Father on December 5, 2016, at Trump Tower. [233] Following his visit, Gore ghosts briefly to the media standing outside the elevator or Trump Tower. Gore related dat: “I had a lengthy and very productieve session with the president-elect. It was a sincere search for areas of common ground. I had a meeting voordat hand with Ivanka Trump. The bulk of the time was with the president-elect Donald Trump. I found it an Extremely interesting conversation, and to be continued, and I’m just going to leave it at that. ” [234] This was a significant milestone, as Trump once tweeted that ‘[t] he concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make US manufacturing non-competitive. ” [235]

Awards and receptacles

Main article: List of awards RECEIVED by Al Gore

Gore is the recipient of a number of awards, zoals the Nobel Peace Prize (together with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ) in 2007, [236] [237] [238] a Primetime Emmy Award for Current TV in 2007, a Webby Award in 2005 and the Prince of Asturias Award in 2007 for International Cooperation. He’ll be starred in the 2006 documentary An Inconvenient Truth , welke won an Academy Award for Best Documentary in 2007 and wrote the book An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It , welke won a Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album in 2009. [8] [239]

President Obama praised Gore for advancing the cause of peace. [240]

selected publications


  • The Future: Six Drivers of Global Change . Random House. 2013. ISBN  978-0812992946 .
  • Our Choice . Rodale Books. 2009. ISBN  978-1-59486-734-7 .
  • Know Climate Change and 101 Q and A on Climate Change from ‘Save Planet Earth Series, 2008 (children’s books)
  • Our Purpose: The Nobel Peace Prize Lecture 2007 . Rodale Books. 2008. ISBN  1-60529-990-1 .
  • The Assault on Reason . New York: Penguin. 2007. ISBN  1-59420-122-6 .
  • An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It . New York: Rodale Books. 2006. ISBN  1-59486-567-1 .
  • Joined at the Heart: The Transformation of the American Family- (with Tipper Gore) . New York: Owl Henry Holt. 2002. ISBN  0-8050-7450-3 .
  • The Spirit of Family (with Tipper Gore) . New York: H. Holt. 2002. ISBN  0-8050-6894-5 .
  • From Red Tape to Results: Creating a Government That Works Better and Costs Less . Amsterdam: Fredonia Books. 2001. ISBN  1-58963-571-X .
  • Common Sense Government: Works Better & Costs Less: National Performance Review (3rd Report) . 1998. ISBN  0-7881-3908-8 .
  • Business Like Government: lessons learned from America’s best companies (with Scott Adams ) . 1997. ISBN  0-7881-7053-8 .
  • Earth in the Balance : Forging a New Common Purpose . Earthscan. 1992. ISBN  0-618-05664-5 .
  • Putting People First: How We Can All Change America. (with William J. Clinton). New York: Times Books, 1992.


  • ” Toward Sustainable Capitalism: Long-term incentives are the antidote to the short-term greed dat caused our current economic furious . Wall Street Journal , June 24, 2010. (With David Blood)
  • ” We Can not Wish Away Climate Change .” New York Times , February 27, 2010.
  • ” The Climate for Change .” New York Times , November 9, 2008.
  • Vice President Al Gore’s introduction to Earthwatch: 24 Hours in Cyberspace. February 8, 1996 24 Hours in Cyberspace
  • ” Foreword by Vice President Al Gore .” In The Internet Companion: A Beginner’s Guide to Global Networking (2nd edition) by Tracy laquey, 1994.
  • ” Introduction . In Silent Spring by Rachel Carson . 1994. New York: Houghton Mifflin-.
  • The Climate Change Action Plan . Washington, DC: The White House, October 1993 (with William J. Clinton ).
  • “Infrastructure for the global village: computers, networks and public policy.” Scientific American Special Issue on Communications, Computers, and Networks , September 1991. 265 (3): 150-153.


  • Agre, Phil. Who invented “invented” ?: Tracing the Real Story of the “Al Gore invented the Internet” Hoax . October 17, 2000
  • Campbell Kelly, Martin; Aspray, William. “Chapter 12.” Computer: A History of the Information Machine . New York: BasicBooks, 1996.
  • Chapman, Gary and Marc Rotenberg. The National Information Infrastructure: A Public Interest Opportunity . In Computers, Ethics, & Social Values . Deborah G. Johnson and Helen Nissanbaum (eds.). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1995: 628-644.
  • Cockburn, Alexander . Al Gore: A User’s Manual (2000) (with Jeffrey St. Clair ) ISBN 1-85984-803-6
  • Kirk, Andrew G. Counter Culture Green: The Whole Earth Catalog and American Environmentalism . Lawrence: Univ. of Kansas Press, 2007.
  • Rheingold, Howard . “Afterword to the 1994 edition.” The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier (revised edition). Cambridge: MIT, 2000.
  • Stix, Gary. Gigabit Gestalt: Clinton and Gore embrace an activist technology policy . Scientific American , May 1993.
  • Turque, Bill, Inventing Al Gore , Houghton Mifflin Harcourt , 2000, ISBN 0-618-13160-4