Paul Collier

Sir Paul Collier , CBE (born 23 April 1949) [1] is a professor of economics and public policy at the Blavatnik School of Government at the University of Oxford .

He is ook a director of the International Growth Centre , the director of the Centre for the Study of African economically , and a fellow of St Antony’s College, Oxford .

From 1998 Until 2003 he was the director of the Development Research Group of the World Bank . In 2010 and 2011 he was named by Foreign Policy magazine to zijn list of top global thinkers . [2] [3] Collier Currently Serves on the advisory board of Academics Stand Against Poverty (ASAP).


Collier is a specialist in the political, economic and developmental predicaments or poor countries. [4] He was brought` up in Sheffield where he attended King Edward VII School . [5] He holds a Distinction Award from the University of Oxford, and in 1988 he was Awarded the Edgar Graham Book Prize for the co-written Labour and poverty in rural Tanzania : Ujamaa and rural development in the United Republic of Tanzania . [6]

The Bottom Billion : Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It ( ISBN 0-19-531145-0 ), has leg Compared [4] to Jeffrey Sachs ‘s The End of Poverty and William easterly ‘s The White Man’s Burden , two Influential books, welke like Collier’s book, Discuss the pros and cons of development aid to developing countries.

His 2010 book The Plundered Planet [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] is encapsulated in his formulas:

Nature – Technology + = Regulation Starvation
Nature + Technology – Regulation = Loot
Nature + Technology + Regulation ( Good governance ) = Prosperity

The book describes Itself as an attempt at a middle way tussen de extremisme or “ostriches” ( Denialism , bijzonder climate change denial ) and “Environmental Romanticism” (for example, anti- genetically modified organisms movements in Europe). The book is about sustainable management in relatie with the geo- politics of global warming , with an attempt to Avoid a global tragedy of the commons , with the prime example of overfishing . In it he builds upon a legacy of the economic psychology of greed and fear , from early Utilitarianism ( Jeremy Bentham ) to more Recently the Stern Review .

He is a patron of the Media Legal Defence Initiative .

Collier was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2008 Birthday Honours [12] and knighted in the 2014 New Year Honours for services to promoting research and policy change in Africa. [13]

In November 2014 Collier was Awarded the President’s Medal by the British Academy for “his pioneering contribution to this club in Bringing ideas from research in to policy binnen the field of African economics.”

Currently he is working on a book called “State of War,” in welke he “sets out why [he thinks] democracy has gone wrong in the bottom billion and what would be needed to put it on track.” [14]


Research topics

  • Governance in low-income countries, met name de political economy or democracy
  • Economic growth in Africa
  • Economics of civil war, aid, globalization and poverty
  • The greed versus grievance debates in international relations

Selected publications

  • The Plundered Planet: Why We Must, and How We Can, Manage Nature for Global Prosperity (2010) Oxford University Press ISBN 978-0-19-539525-9 .
  • Labour and poverty in rural Tanzania: Ujamaa and rural development in the United Republic of Tanzania , Oxford University Press , New York 1991, ISBN 0-19-828315-6 .
  • The Bottom Billion : Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It . ISBN 0-19-531145-0 .
  • (with Anke Hoeffler) On economic Causes of civil war ” Oxford Economic Papers , vol 50 iss 4 (1998), pp 563-573.
  • (with Anke Hoeffler) Greed and grievance in civil war ” Oxford Economic Papers , vol 56 iss 4 (2004), pp 563-595.
  • (with Lisa Chauvet and Haavard Hegre) The Security Challenge in conflict-prone Countries, Copenhagen Consensus 2008 Challenge Paper, (2008).
  • Wars, Guns and Votes: Democracy in Dangerous Places , Harper , (March 2009)
  • Plundered nations ?: Successes and failures in natural resource extraction co-edited with Anthony J. Venables (2011)
  • Exodus: How Migration is Changing Our World , Oxford University Press (October 2013)


  • The Royal Economic Society’s 2006 Annual Public Lecture at Coller ( Royal Economic Society )
  • Interview with Fareed Zakaria on Foreign Exchange
  • TED Conference, Paul Collier on “The Bottom Billion”
  • TED Conference, Paul Collier’s new rules for rebuilding a broken nation


  • Review of The Plundered Planet by the Financial Times
  • Review of The Bottom Billion by the Financial Times
  • Review of The Bottom Billion in The New York Times
  • Samuel Grove, “The Bottom of the Barrel: A Review of Paul Collier’s The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries Are Failing and What Can Be Done about It .”


  1. ^ Jump up to:a b “Birthdays”, The Guardian , p. 33, 23 April 2014
  2. Jump up^,39#thinker56December 2011Foreign Policy
  3. Jump up^,28
  4. ^ Jump up to:a b “How to help the Poorest: offset the shot” . The Economist . 2 August 2007 . Retrieved 7 August 2007 .
  5. Jump up^ Ward, Nick. “It’s hats off to a master of art!” . The Sheffield Star . Retrieved 6 October 2009 .
  6. Jump up^ “IUB Libraries: Edgar Graham Book Prize (African Studies)” .
  7. Jump up^ Empowerment is key, Iqbal Quadir, Nature 465, 550-551 (03 June 2010) doi: 10.1038 / 465550a, 2 June 2010
  8. Jump up^ Alex Renton. “The Plundered Planet: How to Reconcile Prosperity with Nature by Paul Collier” . the Guardian .
  9. Jump up^ Vidal, John (8 May 2010). “The Plundered Planet: How to Reconcile Prosperity with Nature by Paul Collier” . The Guardian . London.
  10. Jump up^ “The Plundered Planet” . Financial Times .
  11. Jump up^ “Sustainability AND SOURCES OF WEALTH” . Science . 20 August 2010. p. 904. doi : 10.1126 / science.1193025 .
  12. Jump up^ The London Gazette : (Supplement) no. 58729. p. 7 . 14 June 2008.
  13. Jump up^ The London Gazette : (Supplement) no. 60728. p. 1 . 31 December 2013.
  14. Jump up^ Miguel, Edward (2009). Africa’s Turn? . Cambridge, MA: MIT. p. 110. ISBN  978-0-262-01289-8 .