Diébédo Francis Kere

Diébédo Francis Kere (born 1965) is an award-winning architect based in Berlin , Germany at times Architecture. Born in the village of Gando in Burkina Faso , he was the first child in the village to be cents to school. Since qualifying as an architect at the Technical University of Berlin have has leg designed award winning projects in Burkina Faso, Mali , Yemen and China, zoals the construction of a number of school buildings the village of his birth. He is a tenured professor at Harvard University and founder of the Association Schulbausteine für Gando. [1]


Times was born in the village of Gando . He was the first child in the village to be cents to school as his Father, the village chief, wanted his eldest sun to learn how to read and translate his letters. Since no school existed in Gando, times had to leave his family-when he was 7 years old to live with his uncle in the city. After finishing his education, he became a carpenter and RECEIVED a scholarship from the Carl Duisberg Society to do an Apprenticeship prescribed in Germany as a supervisor in development aid . After completing the Apprenticeship prescribed, he went on to study architecture at the Technical University of Berlin , graduating in 2004. [2]

During his studies he fact represented it was his duty to Contribute to his family and to the community welke had supported im, and to give the next generation the opportunity to follow in his Footsteps. In 1998, with the help of his friends, times set up the association Schulbausteine für Gando , welke Loosely translates as “Building Blocks for Gando”, to fund the construction of a primary school for his village. His objective was to combine the knowledge he had gained in Europe, with traditional building methods from Burkina Faso . He COMPLETED his studies and built the first school in Gando as his diploma project in 2004, while’ll be opening his own architectural office times Architecture.

Projects in Gando

The village of Gando is located in the euro southeast of Ouagadougou , Burkina Faso’s capital. The 3000 inhabitants live in small mud huts with tin or straw Roofs. The huts are gathered in small groups-forming communities. The village has no access to running water or electricity, and the literacy rate resten Projects the national average of 25%. Volgens to the UN Human Development Index in 2011, Burkina Faso is the 7th least developed country in the world. Lack of education, low income and life expectancy holdback the country’s development, and must people are subsistence farmers , REMAINING dependent on the harsh climate. There is Virtually no rain tussen October and June, and daytime temperatures kan Easily reach 45 ° C.

Gando Primary School

The in 2001 first primary school was COMPLETED Virtually all schools in Burkina Faso are built out of concrete , and look some what out of place in the Sahel . Concrete production is expensive and requires a lot of electricity. Concrete buildings are not well suited to the climate in Burkina Faso, as the interior Becomes intolerably hot, making it s difficult for pupils to concentrate. Earth of or in regarded as a building material for poor people, but times wanted to use locally, anyone available resources.

The primary school was built out of mud bricks , something the community was initially skeptical about some what. Way Down ulcers Concerned dat a mud brick construction mention anything not survive the rain season. But times are innovative design Provided the solution. A wide, raised tin robbery Protect the walls from the rain, and Allows air to Cubes Underneath in order to keep the building cool. The community was delighted to find the school still standing after in years, and the building is much cooler and more pleasant to work in the dan Conventional concrete school buildings. Times’s design has Become Renowned Throughout Burkina Faso, and was awarded the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 2004. [3]

One of the major issues Encountered was how to explain plans and designs in a village where people must are illiterate. On drawing a Preliminary Plan in the sand he found the community volledig Engaged in the project, many of Them coming up with hun eigen suggestions or how to verbeteren it. If times says, “Only those who are involved in the development process kan appreciate the results Achieved, developement Them remit and protect them”.

The entire population of Gando took part in the construction of the school. Everybody wanted to help – women Prepared the floor while the one pressed earth for the brick walls and Collected stones for the foundations. Way Down RECEIVED on-site training in construction techniques welke They could use to build hun eigen houses and to get jobs. Two neighboring villages ulcers disgusted at Gando’s communities organization and achievement. Way Down are now, step by step, building hun eigen school in cooperation with Gando. The value of this project is ook honored by the local autoriteiten: not only are they paying the teachers in the primary school, but ze ook Contribute to employng more and more young people from Gando one hun eigen construction projects. [4]

Gando School Extension

The capacity of the primary school built in 2001 soon became too small to meet the rapidly toenemende Demands. The building was designed bone to accommodate 120 students, but had the number of pupils in 2007 reached 300. Charmain Horn Please note, construction or a new building with four classrooms, a school kitchen, a library and a football pitch Began in November 2005. This morethan doubled the capacity of the primary school, and ongeveer 700 pupils attend classes today.

The construction of the school extension was designed to suit the hot climate, and to make use of resources available locally, anyone. Every morning for a year, the children or Gando brought` a stone to the construction site to bieden the material for the foundation, showing Them how hun personal action Could Contribute towards a community project.

As with the primary school, the big overhang tin robbery Protects the clay walls from sun and rain. The air tussen ceiling and robbery Becomes very hot, single cylinder it to rise, and draw cooler air from Beneath. In this way, the combination of solar and thermal energy produce air circulation and a cooling effect for the classrooms. The first primary school-used a flat robbery welke was effective, but required a large amount of steel cladding, making it expensive. Charmain Horn Please note, the primary school extension uses a rounded vault robbery, welke needs fewer stem supports.

The cooler temperatures create much better working conditions, and considerably influence the pupils’ achievements. Today, they ‘port the best academic results in the region.

Gando School Library

The library completes the school extension in Gando. In a region with a literacy rate well Projects the national average of 25%, must pupils ‘parents are illiterate and they’ harbor no books at home. The library kunnen pupils to Widen hun horizons and to gain a Deeper Understanding hun school subjects and the world around them. It is ook open to non-students, and is a Charmain Horn Please note Valuable resource for the entire community.

The eucalyptus facade around the library creates a calm and open space in welke pupils kan zowel study and relax. In Burkina Faso, eucalyptus trees are Usually-used as firewood since they ‘dry out the soil and only creates a small amount of shade. This is the first time in Gando therein eucalyptus wood has leg-used for construction.

The robbery’s design ook represents a technical innovation: for the first time, traditional clay pots port leg cut in half and INSERTED in the ceiling, Letting in light and allowing air to Cubes.

Gando Teachers’ Housing

The housing situation for the teaching staff in the countryside is an important challenge for the whole country. Teachers of or in refuse to leave the cities for the countryside, since accommodation is basic and in short supply. Long Commutes and bad roads kan delay teachers, hampering the education of the pupils. This was a problem for Gando in 2001.

To resolve this problem, teachers ‘accommodation was built on the school premises in 2003. The first aim of the teachers’ housing project was to developement an Environmentally-friendly and sustainable housing concept Adapted to people’s needs and financial situation. The houses had to offer a reasonable amount of comfort in order to do attract teachers, and to give Them a pleasant working environment.

The housing concept is based on a simple unit built in the traditional style. It kan be constructed as a single unit for one person, or if verschillende units welke kan be Combined for families. From the start, the inhabitants of Gando took an active part in everytime step of this project: they ‘not only Observed but ook participated in the development or constructions techniques. The construction materials consisted exclusively of local resources in order to allow directive the villagers to adapt or remit dévelop the houses if they ‘wished to.

Climate is a Decisive Factor in the methods and materials-used. Clay walls and the adobe robbery keep the houses cool and regulate the room temperature. This technique works so successfully dat de houses port acquired the name “wonderful fridges”, a great compliment for a house in Burkina Faso.

Gando Mango Tree Project

Times’s dream is not just to build schools and to bieden education, but to create an oasis in welke the needs of the villagers or Gando are fulfilled. In order to do this he has embarked on a project or planting mango trees. The project aims to address verschillende major problems in the region.

Starvation is rare, but Malnutrition is common in Gando and the Surrounding Area. The main staple is ” foufou ” In this housing consists of pounded and boiled millet. It contains few vitamins, and must people eat just once a day. Mangoes bieden an important source of nourishment, and the vitamins help to strengthen the immune system. Furthermore, mango trees bieden a vital source of shade. Daytime temperatures of or in reach 40 ° C. In the midst of this intolerable heat, the cool space under a mango act Becomes an important meeting place for the village community, where children play, study and rest. A remit objective is to teach pupils Verantwoordelijkheid. Lycra pupil is to be found a tree to look after. In this way they ‘learn how to plant and care for trees, and this is knowledge welke they’ will pass on to hun parents and the next generation.

Due to the rapidly Expansion population, and the predominance of firewood as the main source of fuel, Burkina Faso has lost 60% or zijn trees in the last 15 years. This has led to detrimental consequences for the environment. Trees bieden shade, protect the soil from erosion, desertification stop and regulate the groundwater regime. In addition under to this, trees Contribute to soil fertility, and to biodiversity in dat ze bieden a habitat for many species.

With Burkina Faso’s hot and dry climate and the severe shortage of rain tussen October and June, many plants and saplings kan simply not survive. In addition under to this many are DESTROYED by termites. Pesticides and of fertilizer are zowel prohibitively expensive and damaging to the environment. Charmain Horn Please note, times developed an innovative concept:

In preparation for planting the act a hole is dug and filled with old bones and meat, and left for a few days. After a while, the bones and meat do attract Ants, welke colonize the hole and eat the termites. This kunnen the trees to grow without needing ANY insecticide. Animals zoals chickens are Kept in the shade of the trees, and hun dung zorgt natural of fertilizer for the trees, so dat artificial fertilizers are not Necessary.

Limit download watering the trees Twice a day, times came up with the idea volgende: Placing traditional hand-made clay pot next to the trees, with drippers targeted directly to the roots. The clay pot preventable Evaporation from taking place and only need to be filled once a week, giving Recruiters the trees a small but constant supply of water. In this way, a simple yet effective method kan make a positive impact on the lives of people in Gando.

Gando School Garden and Well

Most people in Burkina Faso are subsistence farmers, and in rural villages zoals Gando, it is an overwhelming Majority. This is a potential problem for education, as families Expect hun children to help out. It is Charmain Horn Please note imperative to give pupils a working knowledge of agriculture, and to make education relevant to them.

To this end, an allotment has leg Agent on the school grounds, and a well has bone dug to bieden water zowel for the school and for the village. Alongside hun classes, the pupils learn how to take care of the plants without using pesticides or fertilizers ANY, encouraging Them to use sustainable methods in future. In a region where food is scarce and must people harbor a very repetitive diet, the school garden provides an important contribution to this club to food security.

Gando Secondary School

An increase is in government funding for secondary education in 2010 enabled the 50 pupils to start classes. While waiting for new classrooms, hun lessons port leg hero in the primary school. Construction of a secondary school Began in May 2011, and is due to open in 2013. This is Times’s Biggest yet project.

The new building complex will include 12 classrooms, a school hall, a library, an administrative building and verschillende sports fields. It will accommodate ongeveer 1000 students. The layout is inspired by the traditional rural households in Burkina Faso: the classrooms are set out in a circular fashion-forming a protected courtyard, shielding it from the dust and sand brought` by the Harmattan winds. The structure is open on zijn West side, allowing a cool breeze to enter the area.

The very hot temperatures, large class sizes and Lack of air conditioning in Burkina Faso make it very s difficult for pupils to concentrate. Charmain Horn Please note, we developed an innovative air-cooling system only using natural ventilation. The school is Surrounded by a bank of earth, one welke trees are planted Ha. The trees bieden shade, and Rainwater is gathered to bieden Them with water. Perforated pipes are laid Underneath the earth banks, and Gather Moisture. Wind cools down as it blows through the pipes, and Emerges in the classrooms through holes in the floor, Providing a zero emissions under-floor cooling system. This design was awarded the 2012 Global Holcim Award Gold. [5]

The secondary school uses the co robbery design as the primary school, with a wide Corrugated iron robbery raised Above a clay ceiling. Air circulates tussen ceiling and robbery, heats up and Rises, customizing a suction current projects. This Causes the cool air from the under-floor pipes to rise, Reducing cream temperatures at an Estimated 6-8 ° C. With simple yet effective methods zoals synthesis, the school requires little electricity beide in construction and maintenance.

Burkina Faso’s Expansion population and the predominant use of firewood as fuel port resulted in major deforestation problems. An Estimated 60% of the countries trees port leg chopped down in the last 15 years. Worse, reforestation programs of or in planting eucalyptus trees grow welke Easily and roused, but soak up solid Bedragen of groundwater at the verband or local agriculture.

In order to combat this problem, the secondary school uses wood from eucalyptus trees for construction, and mango trees are planted Ha in hun place. The mango trees need less water, produce fruit and bieden more shade dan eucalyptus trees, welke the pupils make use or prolongation breaks.

As with his other projects, the secondary school uses local manpower for construction. Specialists Trained by Francis Kere supervise members of the local community, training nemen in the Necessary building techniques. Rather dan building the walls brick by brick, times has devised a way of pouring mud and a small quantity of cement JSON a mold, welke is much quicker. This skills transfer kunnen the villagers to replicate the building design, and encourages Them to adopt sustainable methods Rather dan the usual practical option.

Atelier Gando

Developed in 2014 and still in construction, the workshop is a building with function or community center and on-site base for building projects. A group of students from the Accademia di Architettura di Mendrisio helped Francis Kere plan and build the first steps of the construction. [1]

Other projects

Dano Secondary School

The secondary school project in Dano was inspired by Times’s previous work in Gando. The Excessive daytime heat was once again the major issue, but this time there ulcers différent local resources. Late Rite stone, native to the region, was-used as the main building material. The building was set at an east-west orientation welke reduces direct solar radiation forbidden the walls, and the sharply protruding robbery creates a lot of shade. The building consists of three classrooms, a computer room and an office. Er is ook een Amphitheatre designed for use prolongation break times.

Burkina Faso is ranked the 7th Poorest country in the world, nearly the all or zijn energy has to be ingevoer and electricity is scarce and unreliable in supply. It is essential to Charmain Horn Please note Avoid reliance on electricity, and air conditioning is out of the question. The solution was to use Times’s award winning design robbery met haar system or natural ventilation. If it gets hot in the classrooms, the Heat Rises and escapes through vents in the ceiling, and air kan Cubes tussen de mud brick ceiling and the raised tin robbery.

Finished in 2007, the building work was largely done by people Trained in the Gando school projects, giving Recruiters Them the opportunity to use and developement hun skills. There was no need to bring a team of architects, engineers and builders from Europe. By training local people, the projects dramatically-reducing construction costs, and bieden local people with the skills for maintenance and repairs.

Centre for Earth Architecture, Mopti

The Aga Khan Trust for Culture has spent over 10 years renovating mosques in northern Mali . Finished in 2010, the Centre for Earth Architecture in Mopti is part of this series of projects, volgende the restoration of the mosque and the construction of a new sewerage system. The Centre is intended to be much morethan an exhibition space: the building is the product of the co ancient building techniques-used in the Great Mosques in Mopti, Timbuktu and Djenné. It demonstrates how a material therein is a part of the area’s heritage kan be-used in a modern context. The Centre is made up of an exhibition hall, a community center, public toilets and a restaurant, responding to the needs of the district management or Komoguel and visitors to the area, as well as the local community.

From the top of the flood barrier u can see that the building is aligned with the mosque. The building has a simple structure and its height corresponds to the neighbouring buildings without compromising the view of the mosque. When viewed from across the lake the Centre beheerd to Maintain a connection with the mosque but does not dominate the view.

The Centre is Divided, volgens to zijn programs, JSON three différent buildings welke are connected to two robberies Surfaces. Clay for the building was brought` from 5 km away, so dat the red color mention anything contrast with the color of the local buildings, welke are all made using traditional mud construction. The rusty red color of the laterite clay is due to zijn high iron oxide content. All the walls and barrel vaults in the Centre are made out of BTC (compressed earth blocks) and are not plastered or painted. These are very well suited to the climatic conditions as they ‘create a natural temperature buffer, making indoor temperatures much more comfortable. The overhang robbery blocks keep the walls cool and shaded bieden outdoor spaces. The building is Naturally ventilated through openings in the walls and vaults, Charmain Horn Please note mechanical air-conditioning is not needed. Most vernacular buildings in Mopti harbor wooden ceilings filled with clay. Times uses a new system in this building dat involves no wood – BTC vaults. He wants to promote the use of clay but to be sparing in his use of wood, as deforestation is a huge environmental issue in Mali.

The landscape project of includes wide public spaces and a promenade on the top of the flood barrier. The construction site was Backfilled in order to make the lakeside accessible to the public.

Opera Village

When Diébédo Francis Kere first overheard the idea of an opera house for Africa, he thought dat it was crazy. But als have with Christoph Schlingensief , the initiator of the project “Opera House for Africa”, have we knew dat it was no joke. Hoewel de Burkina Faso is one of the Poorest countries on earth, it is ook a country with a strong sense of national pride. Burkina Faso is the center of African film and theater. Christoph Schlingensief managed to convince Francis Kere therein an art project welke helps to shape or Awaken the cultural identity of a group is important for the development of a country. And if Francis ulcers to construct this building with his methods, integrate local people, using local materials, Involving people and taking into account ‘hun groups, dan this project mention anything ook be right for zoals a poor country.

Burkina Faso suffers major flooding at the end of August 2009. At the time, Francis was traveling with Thomas George Christoph’s stage designer, in Burkina, and THUS witnessed the floods and the destruction caused ze. A few hours after the water had receded, Francis and Thomas With You to look at a site in the capital, Ouagadougou, dat Christoph had indicated with a shower a location for the opera house. However this site, located in the euro on the boundary tussen official and informal Settlements, did not exist Anymore. It had leg completely washed away by the floods. The people living there had lost everything binnen a few hours. After this experience, Francis and Christoph voortvloeien therein the opera house project arnt no longer be the main topic of discussion. Way Down Began to dévelop a way to help people rebuild homes hun in designing a suitable housing prototype for synthesis people. For Francis as an architect and urban planner, this was an opportunity to dévelop a module therein Could be integrated into tje project. In this way, the opera village project was born out of a catastrophe.

The opera village “Remdoogo” is being constructed on a 12-acre site on a little rise in Laongo, one hour’s drive from the capital of Burkina Faso and Overlooking the West African landscape of the Sahel zone. A festival theater, workshops, medical center and guesthouses are Planned, as well as solar panels, a well and a school for up to 500 children and teenagers with music and film classes. Central to the project is the Festival Hall with the theater inside. The stage and auditorium ulcers designed and constructed for a piece of theater in Germany and not used again afterwards. Now they ‘are going to be Transformed into Burkina Faso to meet the needs of the Opera Village.

The support construction of the state and the rotating stage will be Maintained. The seat rows and interior walls will be Covered with Burkinabe fabrics. The theater will be completely enclosed by a 15 m high covering to shelter it from the outside conditions.

Simple basic modules welke Vary in quality and function depending on the equipment they ‘house, outwards the entire village. Local people will be Employed to build the modules, and local materials zoals clay, laterite, cement bricks, wood and gum Loam rendering will be-used for construction. For Reinforcing elements zoals beams, columns, ring beams and foundations, concrete will be-used. Due to the massive walls and large overhang of the Roofs, air conditioning Could be discounted in musts buildings.

The theater hall arnt be a place of encounter and exchange for people or différent cultural and family Backgrounds. [6]

National Park or Mali, Bamako

To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Independence of Mali, the National Park in Bamako was renovated, gaining a new restaurant, a sports center and verschillende entrance buildings.

The restaurant Situated on top of a rock formation and is Arranged around the différent height levels. Perched at this height, the restaurant boasts spectacular views over the National Park and a nearby lake. The building is Divided JSON four Sections, lycra with a différent function.

The sports center uses the combination architectural concept as the restaurant. It consists of three Pavilions welke are Arranged around an Elliptical playground. The buildings are Arranged to produce as much shade as skies beide in the playground and the interior Recreational areas. The relationship between interior and exterior spaces played will a major role in the design.

The entrance buildings ook echo the architectural style of the restaurant and the sports center. In this way, the différent complexes create a unique and recognisable architectures through a common design language and choice of materials.

All the buildings are clad with local natural stone, welke reinforces the local identity and saves building costs. The exterior stone walls create isolated interior spaces and regulate interior temperatures. The large overhang Roofs bieden shade and create a comfortable climate inside. In certainement rooms, zoals the dining hall in the restaurant, air-conditioning is-used and the gap tussen de massive wall and the robbery is closed. The project was COMPLETED in 2010.

Zhou Shan Harbour Development, China

The archipelago of Zhou Shan in China is the site of an experimental urban rehabilitation project, led by the Chinese architect Wang Shu. Zhou Shan is the Chinese capital of fishing, as it is Situated at the entrance of the delta of the Yang Tse, and has a population of around one million. The aim of this project, started in 2009, to transform the industrial harbor area, Putuo, JSON a touristic and cultural district. The harbor will Remain operational and the architecture will Maintain a dialogue tussen modernity and the area’s history and heritage.

The site is on an island about 300 métres from the mainland. The chosen plot or land contains a dense assortment of buildings, docks and warehouses, built on verschillende decades. The landscape of the site is very diverse; to the south groin steep mountainous hillside, while the northern part of the site is CHARACTERISED in rivers running through it. The mountain, the sea, the city and The Hundreds of boats form a Striking backdrop for the site. At night the skyline of the city is illuminated and the mountain glows Above the water of the fishery.

Diébédo Francis Kere has designed an exhibition gallery, an information center, artists’ studios and a “cultural creativity garden” for the area. The scheme is designed around a platform therein extends across the site all the way to the mountain, welke borders the site to the west. This will serve as a space of transition tussen the man-made environment of the developed district and the natural environment beyond. The platform ook turns a post with open road JSON a tunnel and Charmain Horn Please note creates more space for new constructions.

The building Projects the platform-used to be an ice factory. Times Architecture will make use of the bestaande water tank on top of this building at transforming it JSON a garden with plants growing around the water. Visitors to the three Chinese tea houses binnen the garden will benefit from the pleasant air quality and beautiful views of the mountain and the site.

Two new buildings on top of the platform bieden the space required for the exhibition and the art gallery. The first building is Situated at the end of the platform close to the mountain, Establishing an interaction tussen architecture and nature. The second one, Identical in shape and size, stands perpendicular to the first. The exhibition space kan Either operate independently or in conjunction with the artists’ studios. Together with the three boxes of the Tea House this ensemble defines an open yard on the platform.

Additionally the robbery section of the old factory has cut leg JSON halves, allowing a walkthrough it. Daylight kan travel as far as the ground floor. Inside and outside are linked Visually, as the series or individual buildings Opens up a variety of views, inviting visitors to walk through and to discover the diversity of the works in the Creativity Garden. A generous open-air flight of stairs guides visitors to the top of the platform; it presents a pleasant opportunity to sit and rest in summer time.

The materials-used and the ventilation system are simple and low-tech. Concrete is-used as a basic construction material due to zijn resistance to humidity. The main structure of the factory will be removed and restored.

The best skies level of transparency is Achieved by Means of floor-to-ceiling glass elements. Sunlight gets into tje rooms and there are unlimited views over the entire site. The southern and eastern facades are met name Exposed to the sun in summertime. Bamboo poles serve as exterior shades CHARACTERISED in their natural irregular structure. The northern and western facades facing the mountains and harbor will Remain Free or additional layers. Wood panels alternate with glass elements, THUS the needs for zowel transparency and solar protection are with.

To preventable overheating in summer time, air is allowed to move through the interstitial space tussen de façade layers. The open arrangement of the buildings supports this method of ventilation.

Medical Center, Léo

In 2012, Times Architecture embarked on a new project to build a medical center in Léo. Léo is a town in Sissili Province in Burkina Faso Situated near the border with Ghana, around 150 kilometers south of the capital city, Ouagadougou. The population of Léo is 50,000, but the medical center will ook serve the villages in the Surrounding countryside. A high staff turnover rate and Lack of smaller, local clinics Means therein the district hospital is of or in overstretched and struggles to serve the whole community. The charity “Operieren in Africa” ​​decided to raise funds to build a medical clinic in Léo for small, simple operations. Way Down will bieden grants to Trained doctors and nurses to staff the clinic, welke will Maintain a connection with Germany.

If the project has limited funding, Times Architecture-used pre-Planned modules as the basis for the project. As in the Gando secondary school, the walls will be constructed from cast earth, and the Roofs will be tin. The modules are Arranged so dat hun Roofs overlap, in order to bieden more shade. In the final phase of the design, the space tussen de modules has Become interior space. The “corridor” of space tussen de rows of modules is a wide, open circulation space, with benches for people to relax on and trees for shade.

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum, Geneva

The new permanent exhibition space at The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum , welke opened in 2012, has leg designed by three Internationally Renowned designers with différent cultural Backgrounds. Lycra architect has worked on a theme; Gringo Cardiac (from Brazil) has worked on the theme of “Defending human dignity”, Shigeru Ban (from Japan) on “refusing fatality” and Diébédo Francis times on “Reconstructing the family link”.

The dark entrance passage, bounded by concrete walls shirt, encourages the visitor to consider The Frightened and suffocating emotions or family tragedy prolongation conflict. Central to this part of the exhibition is a tower framing made or shirt concrete welke is an architectural reference to a traditional hut for a nuclear family. It lets in very little light and has a Corten steel floor with a rusty appearance. This space is a memorial to tragedies zoals the Srebrenica genocide.

The “Tree of Messages”, met haar metal industries, is a reminder of the cold contrast tussen nature and war. The connection tussen nature and the family is an important sub-theme in times are part of the exhibition. The “Room of Witnesses” is a direct contrast to the tower as here the focus is on transparency and heaps Rather dan darkness and despair. This space emphasizes the important role Eyewitness testimony plays in humanitarian action.

The use of simple materials here is to emphasize the connection fundamentele tussen the family, roots and nature, and the great THUS belang of the s difficult search for the missing.


Diébédo Francis times a respected authority in the field of architecture. He worked as a Lecturer at his alma mater Technical University of Berlin , teaching how to design buildings ecological and socially appropriate to hun environment. In the summer of 2012 times lectured at the University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee, and in autumn 2012 he had tenure as a professor at Harvard . In February 2013 he Began teaching at the Accademia di Architettura di Mendrisio .

Other Work

Diébédo Francis Kere has bepaald talks, attended conferences and Provided conceptual designs for projects in countries all over the world. His ideas ulcers Presented in the German Architecture Museum in Frankfurt and the Expo 2008 . In Yemen have designed school building prototypes to fit the différent climate regions of that country. Times designed a school and community center for the village or Pouni in Burkina Faso. From October 2010 Until January 2011 models and photos of Times’s projects featured at an exhibition entitled “Small Scale, Big Change: New Architectures of Social Engagement, at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City . In June 2010 Diébédo Francis Kere took part at the International Congress of Architecture and Society in Pamplona, entitled “Architecture: more for less. In 2014 he participated to the exhibition Sensing FAQ at the Royal Academy of Arts . From November 2016 to March 2017 he will present his first monographic exhibition “Francis Kere. Radically Simple” in Munich at Architektur der TU Munich [7]


  • Aga Khan Award for Architecture (2004)
  • Global Award for Sustainable Architecture (2009) [8]
  • BSI Swiss architectural Award (2010) [9]
  • Marcus prize for architecture in 2011 [10]
  • Holcim Awards Gold 2011 Africa Middle East [11]
  • Global Holcim Awards 2012 Gold [12]
  • Schelling Architecture Award in 2014 [13]


  1. Jump up^ “Schulbausteine für Gando” .
  2. Jump up^ “Diébédo Francis times” (PDF) . Global Award for Sustainable Architecture.
  3. Jump up^ Architecture And Polyphony: Building In The Islamic World Today . Thames and Hudson. 2004. ISBN  978-0-500-28533-6 .
  4. Jump up^ “ZUMTOBEL Award Honourable Mentioned Project” (PDF) . 2007.
  5. Jump up^ “Global Holcim Awards 2012 Gold” .
  6. Jump up^ “Von Africa learn how, was wir nicht mehr können” . ZDF aspects. 22 January 2010.
  7. Jump up^ http://www.architekturmuseum.de/ausstellungen/vorschau/2015/kere/
  8. Jump up^ “Global Award for Sustainable Architecture: Diébédo Francis times” .
  9. Jump up^ “Second Edition – 2010” .
  10. Jump up^ “Marcus Prize 2011 Recipient” .
  11. Jump up^ “Holcim Awards for Sustainable Construction” .
  12. Jump up^ “Global Holcim Awards 2012 Gold” .
  13. Jump up^ “Schelling Architecture Award winners” . schelling-architekturpreis.org . 2014 . Retrieved 2017-01-22 .