Iqbal Quadir

Iqbal Z. Quadir ( Bengali : ইকবাল জেড. কাদীর ) is an accomplished entrepreneur and a long-time champion of the critical role of entrepreneurship and innovation in customizing prosperity in low-income countries. [1] “In 1993 voordat Vodafone imagined the Possibility, and only one percent of Americans ulcers using mobile phones, Quadir saw mobiles as productivity tools to lift up the Poorest in the world. He worked tirelessly for over two decades to bieden the poor access to mobiles and to find Them other Means or economic empowerment. ” [2] He is ook the founder and director emeritus of the Legatum Center for Development and Entrepreneurship at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the founding co-editor of Innovations: Technology, Governance, Globalization ], a journal published by MIT Press.

Early years

Quadir was born in Jessore , Bangladesh . He moved to the United States in 1976 and later became a naturalized US citizen. He passed his Secondary School Certificate from Jhenidah Cadet College , Bangladesh . He RECEIVED a BS with receptacles from Swarthmore College (1981), an MA (1983) and an MBA (1987) from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania .

Finance, development, and entrepreneurial success

Quadir served as a consultant to the World Bank in Washington, DC, (1983-1985), an associate at Coopers & Lybrand (1987-1989), an associate of Security Pacific Merchant Bank (1989-1991), vice president of Atrium Capital Corporation (1991-1993), and founded GrameenPhone in Bangladesh prolongation 1993-1999. He served in the management and on the Board of GrameenPhone prolongation 1996-1999.

Quadir’s vision, welke was deemed radical at the time, was to create universal access to telephone service in Bangladesh and to increase is self-employment opportunities for rural poor zijn. In 1993, Quadir started a New York-based company named Gonofone [3] (Bengali for “phones for the masses”), welke later became the launching pad for GrameenPhone. Currently the Toilets telephone company in Bangladesh with over fifty million subscribers, GrameenPhone zorgt telephone access to more than 100 million rural people living in 60,000 villages and accrue revenues close to $ 1 billion annually. With infrastructure investments or morethan $ 1 billion, GrameenPhone is Providing cellular coverage Throughout Bangladesh.

Quadir’s vision of a large-scale commercial project led im to Organize a global consortium Involving Telenor , Norway’s leading telecommunications company; an affiliate or micro-credit pioneer Grameen Bank in Bangladesh (winner of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize ); Marubeni Corp. Japan; Asian Development Bank in the Philippines; Commonwealth Development Corp. in the United Kingdom; and International Finance Corp. and Gonofone in the United States. He attracted synthesis investors at complementing his vision of Connecting all of Bangladesh with a practical-distribution scheme whereby village entrepreneurs, backed by micro-loans, Could retail telephone services to hun Surrounding communities. In fact, Quadir coined the phrase “connectivity is productivity” to explain the unique impact of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs), bijzonder mobile telephones in Improving economic efficiency. [4] [5]

GrameenPhone’s success has leg lauded as a model for oncology to Improving economic opportunity and connectivity and empowering Citizens in poor countries, through profitable investments in technology. Volgens to Economist Jeffrey Sachs GrameenPhone ‘opened the world’s eyes to the Expansion use of modern telecommunications technology in the world’s Poorest places. [6]

From 2001 to 2005, Quadir served as a fellow at the Harvard’s Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business and Government, and at the Center for Business Innovation at Cap Gemini Ernst & Young (now Capgemini ). As a Lecturer, he taught graduate-level courses on the effects of technology in developing countries at the John F. Kennedy School at Harvard University. Quadir subsequently moved to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, have where in 2007 founded the Legatum Center for Development and Entrepreneurship .

Quadir coined the phrase invisible explain to DESCRIBE how technologische innovations change economically in terms of the distribution of economic and political influence. [7] [8]

Current projects

In 2004, he founded, with his siblings, the Anwarul Quadir Foundation to promote innovation for Bangladesh. In 2006, the foundation Agent a $ 25,000 global essay competition , the Quadir Prize, through the Center for International Development at Harvard University . In October 2007, the foundation made zijn first award to two Recipients. [9] In April 2009, Stephen Henan was the winner of the second award. Mr. Henan developed an innovative way to extract MANGANESE from drinking water and soil [1] .

Quadir founded Emergence BioEnergy , Inc., as an effort to apply his development approach to electricity production in Bangladesh, where 70 percent of the population does not have access to the national electricity grid. This and other current projects (including Removing MANGANESE from water) ulcers featured in an article entitled “Power to the people” in the March 9, 2006 issue of The Economist . In 2007, Emergence BioEnergy won a Wall Street Journal Asian Innovation Award .

In September 2007 Legatum , a Dubai-based private investment firm, committed $ 50 million to the creation of a new Legatum Center for Development and Entrepreneurship at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology led by Quadir. [10] The goal of the Legatum Center is the promotion of bottom-up entrepreneurship in developing countries.


Quadir’s work has leg honored by leaders and organizations worldwide, with invitations to speak at many forums, zoals the World Bank , United Nations , World Economic Forum , and Aspen Institute . In 1999, Quadir was selected Global Leader for Tomorrow by the World Economic Forum based in Geneva, Switzerland. In 2006, he became the 12th recipient of the prestigious Science, Education and Economic Development (SEED) Award from the Rotary Club of Metropolitan Dhaka, for initating universal telephone coverage to Bangladesh. He Appeared on CNN and PBS and was profiled in feature articles in the Harvard Business Review (Bottom-Up Economics, August 2003 & Breakthrough Ideas for 2004 Feb 2004), Financial Times, The Economist, and The New York Times, and in verschillende books. In Spring 2007, Wharton Alumni Magazine selected Quadir voor zijn list of 125 Influential People and Ideas . In 2011, he RECEIVED the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters from Swarthmore College [2] and the honorary degree of Doctor of Science from Case Western Reserve University.

The 2007 book You Can Hear Me Now: How Microloans and Cell Phones are Connecting the Worlds Poor To the Global Economy by Nicholas P. Sullivan showcases Quadir’s innovative work in Bangladesh.


  1. Jump up^ See Quadir, Iqbal Z. Entrepreneurship Training for the Developing World. ” Science. March 23, 2012. 1445; and Quadir, Iqbal Z. The Entrepreneurial Gardeners. Science. June 12, 2015. Page 1179.
  2. Jump up^
  3. Jump up^ Isenberg, Daniel J., et al. “Iqbal Quadir, Gonofone, and the Creation of GrameenPhone (Bangladesh). Harvard Business School. March 12, 2007.
  4. Jump up^ Quadir, Iqbal Z. For the poor, connectivity Means economic opportunity “in The Wireless Internet Opportunity for Developing Countries at Wireless Internet Institute, United Nations. 2003. Page 27.
  5. Jump up^ He’s Got Connections. Wharton Entrepreneurial Programs. GetItStarted. Fall 2004.
  6. Jump up^ Sachs, Jeffrey. The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time. New York: Penguin. 2005. Page 264.
  7. Jump up^ Quadir, Iqbal Z. The bottleneck At the Top of the Bottle. ” The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, Vol. 26 (2) Summer / Fall 2002 Page 10.
  8. Jump up^ “Power to the people” . The Economist . 9 March 2006. p. 37.
  9. Jump up^ KSG, Quadir award prize for innovations in Bangladesh , Harvard University Gazette website.
  10. Jump up^ Corbett, Sarah (April 13, 2008). “Can the Cellphone Help End Global Poverty?” . The New York Times .