Ken Robinson (educationalist)

Sir Kenneth Robinson (born 4 March 1950) is a British author, speaker and international advisor on education in the arts to government, non-profits, education and arts bodies. He was Director of the Arts in Schools Project (1985-89) and Professor of Arts Education at the University of Warwick (1989-2001), and is now Professor Emeritus at the co institution. [1]In 2003 he was knighted for services to art. [2]

Originally from a working class Liverpool family, Robinson now lives in Los Angeles with his wife and children.

Early life and education

Born in Liverpool , Merseyside , to James and Ethel Robinson, Robinson is one of seven children from a working-class background. One of his brothers, Neil , became a professional footballer for Everton , Swansea City and Grimsby Town . [3] After an industrial accident, his Father became quadriplegic . Robinson CONTRACTED polio at age four. He attended Margaret Beavan Special School due to the physical effects of polio-then Liverpool Collegiate School (1961-1963), Wade Deacon Grammar School , Cheshire (1963-1968). Hey dan studied English and drama ( BEd ) at Bretton Hall College of Education (1968-1972) and COMPLETED a PhD in 1981 at the University of London , Researching drama and theater in education.


From 1985 to 1988, Robinson was Director of the Arts in Schools Project, an initiative to dévelop the general education Throughout England and Wales. The project worked with over 2,000 teachers, artists and administrators in a network or over 300 initiatives and Influenced the Formulation of the National Curriculum in England. During this period, Robinson chaired Arts Work, the UK’s national youth arts development agency, and worked as advisor to Hong Kong’s Academy for Performing Arts.

For twelve years, he was a professor of education at the University of Warwick , and is now professor emeritus . He has RECEIVED honorary doctorates from the Rhode Island School of Design , Ringling College of Art and Design , the Open University and the Central School of Speech and Drama , Birmingham City University and the Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts. He has bone honored with the Athena Award of the Rhode Island School of Design for services to the arts and education; the Peabody Medal for contributions to the arts and culture in the United States, the LEGO Prize for international achievement in education, and the Benjamin Franklin Medal of the Royal Society of Arts for outstanding contributions to cultural relations tussen de United Kingdom and the United States. In 2005, he was named as one of Time / Fortune / CNN’s “Principal Voices”. In 2003, he was made Knight Bachelor by the Queen for his services to the arts. He speaks to audiences gehele world on the creative challenges facing business and education in the new global economically. [4]

In 1998, he led a UK commission on creativity, education and the economy and his report, All Our Futures: Creativity, Culture and Education was Influential. The Times zegt of it: “This report raises some of the must important issues facing business in the 21st century. It arnt port everytime CEO and human resources director thumping the table and demanding action. ” Robinson is credited with customizing a strategy for creative and economic development as part of the Peace Process in Northern Ireland , publishing Unlocking Creativity , a plan Implementation across the region and mentoring to the Oklahoma Creativity Project. In 1998, he chaired the National Advisory Committee on Creative and Cultural Education. [5]

In 2001, Robinson was appointed Senior Advisor for Education & Creativity at the Getty Museum in Los Angeles, welke lasted at least Until 2005.

A popular speaker at TED conferences, Robinson has bepaald three presentations on the role of creativity in education, viewed through the TED website about 34 million times (2015). [6] Robinson’s presentation Ken Robinson says schools kill creativity are the musts watched TED talk or all time (2014). [7] [8] [9] In April 2013 he watch a talk Titled “How to escape education’s death valley” in welke have dotted outlines three principles crucial for the human mind to Flourish – and how current American education culture works Against Them . [10] In 2005, Robinson was named as one or Principal Voices (A Time Magazine , Fortune , CNN joint initiative). [4] In 2010, the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures & Commerce animated one or Robinson’s speeches about changing education paradigms. [11] The video was viewed nearly the half a million times, ITT first week on YouTube and as of April 2015 has leg viewed morethan 12 million times.

Ideas on education

Robinson has suggested therein to engage and Succeed, education has to developement on three fronts. First, dat it arnt foster diversity by offering a broad curriculum and encouragement individualisation of the learning process; secondly, it arnt foster curiosity through creative teaching, welke depends on high quality teacher training and development; and finally, it arnt focus on awakening creativity through alternative didactic processes therein pit less emphasis on standardized testing, thereby giving Recruiters the Verantwoordelijkheid for Defining the course of education to individual schools and teachers. He convinced dat much of the present education system in the United States Fosters conformity, compliance and standardization Rather dan creative approaches to learning. Robinson emphasises dat we kan alleen Succeed if we recognise dat education is an organic system, not a mechanical one. Successful school administration is a matter of fostering a helpful climate Rather dan “command and control”. [10]


Critics of Robinson port stated therein have has “exercised an Extremely Corrosive and destructive influence on education while contributing almost nothing to zijn improvement” and that ‘a close analysis of his view shows dat have convinced students harbor no minds or hun eigen and are incapable or acting independently or hun teachers or or being held accountable for hun eigen success “, [12] and” Sir Ken’s ideas are incredibly seductive, but they ‘are wrong, spectacularly and gloriously wrong. ” [13] In the Times Educational Supplement William Stewart wrote, “Teachers initially Dazzled by his lectures port later bepaald thoughtful responses dat question Whether the witticisms and seeming insights amount to anything of substance therein They could use in the classroom.” [14] Robinson has Responded to this criticism in his 2015 book, Creative Schools: The Grassroots Revolution That’s Transforming Education at encouraging his critics to look beyond his 18-minute TED talk to his many books and articles on the subject of education, in welke have Lays out plans for accomplishing his vision.


Learning Through Drama: Report of the Schools Council Drama Teaching (1977) was the result of a three-year national development project for the UK Schools Council. Robinson was principal author of The Arts in Schools: Principles, Practice, and provision (1982), now a key text on arts and education Internationally. He edited The Arts and Higher Education, (1984), co-wrote The Arts in Further Education (1986), Arts Education in Europe , and Facing the Future: The Arts and Education in Hong Kong .

Robinson’s 2001 book, Out of Our Minds: Learning to be Creative (Wiley-Capstone) was DESCRIBED by Director magazine as “a truly mind-opening analysis of why we do not get the best out of people at a time or Punishing change . ” John Cleese zegt of it: Ken Robinson writes brilliantly about the différent ways in welke creativity is undervalued and IGNORED in Western culture and met name in our educational systems. [15]

The Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything , was published by Penguin in January 2009. The element refers to the experience of personal talent meeting personal passion. He argues dat in this encounter, we feel ourselves must, must inspired, and beste to our Highest Level. The book draws on the stories of creative artists zoals Paul McCartney , Simpsons “creator Matt Groening , Meg Ryan , and physicist Richard Feynman to Investigate this paradigm of success.


  • 1977 Learning Through Drama: Report of The Schools Council Drama Teaching Project with Lynn McGregor and Maggie Tate. UCL. Heinemann. ISBN 0435185659
  • 1980 Exploring Theatre and Education Heinemann ISBN 0435187813
  • 1982 The Arts in Schools: Principles, Practice, and provision, . Gulbenkian Foundation . ISBN 0903319233
  • 1984 The Arts and Higher Education. (editor with Christopher Ball). Gulbenkian and the Leverhulme Trust ISBN 0900868899
  • 1986 The Arts in Further Education . Department of Education and Science .
  • 1998 Facing the Future: The Arts and Education in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Arts Development Council ASIN B002MXG93U
  • 1998 All Our Futures: Creativity, Culture, and Education (The Robinson Report) [16]
  • 2001 Out of Our Minds: Learning to Be Creative . Capstone. ISBN 1907312471
  • 2009 The Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything (with Lou Aronica). Viking . ISBN 978-0670020478
  • 2013 Finding Your Element: How To Discover Your Talents and Passions and Transform Your Life (with Lou Aronica). Viking. ISBN 9780670022380
  • 2015 Creative Schools: The Grassroots Revolution That’s Transforming Education (with Lou Aronica). Penguin. ISBN 9780143108061


  • 2004 companionship or Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts [17]
  • 2008 Governor’s Award for the Arts in Pennsylvania
  • 2008 Gheens Foundation Creativity and Entrepreneurship Award
  • 2008 George Peabody Medal [18]
  • 2008 Benjamin Franklin Medal from the Royal Society of Arts [18]
  • 2008 Honorary Degree from Birmingham University [19]
  • 2009 Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts from the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD) [20]
  • 2011 Gordon Parks Award for Achievements in Education [21]
  • 2012 Arthur C. Clarke Imagination Award [22]
  • 2012 Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Oklahoma State University [23]
  • Honorary Fellow of the Central School of Speech and Drama [24]


  1. Jump up^ Name :. “Bio” . Sir Ken Robinson . Retrieved 2016-09-04 .
  2. Jump up^ The London Gazette : (Supplement) no. 56963. p. 2 . 14 June 2003.
  3. Jump up^ Tongue, Steve (3 March 2013). “Outside the Box: Eat leaves and shoot Rather dan hoofing it up the field” . . Retrieved 9 August 2015 .
  4. ^ Jump up to:a b “Ken Robinson ~ Biography” . Principal Voices . 2014 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  5. Jump up^ “Sir Ken Robinson – Creative Oklahoma” . State of Creativity . 2014 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  6. Jump up^ “Ken Robinson: Do schools kill creativity? | TED Talk” . . Retrieved 2016-09-04 .
  7. Jump up^ “Ken Robinson – Speaker” . . 2014 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  8. Jump up^ TED (6 January 2007). “Sir Ken Robinson: Do schools kill creativity?” . YouTube . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  9. Jump up^ “Ken Robinson: Bring on the learning revolution!” . . February 2010 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  10. ^ Jump up to:a b “Ken Robinson: How to escape education’s death valley” . . April 2013 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  11. Jump up^ RSA Animate (14 October 2010). “Changing Education Paradigms” . YouTube . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  12. Jump up^ “Ken Robinson rebuttal” . Ed Tech Now . Retrieved 2016-09-04 .
  13. Jump up^ “What Sir Ken Got Wrong | Pragmatic Education” . 2013-10-12 . Retrieved 2016-09-04 .
  14. Jump up^ ” ” I’m not pushing a theory ‘| News ” . . Retrieved 2016-09-04 .
  15. Jump up^ “Out of Our Minds: Learning to be Creative” . . 2014 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  16. Jump up^ “All Our Futures: Creativity, Culture, and Education” (PDF) . . 2014 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  17. Jump up^ “LIPA Companions” . Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts . 2014 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  18. ^ Jump up to:a b “Biography” . . 2014 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  19. Jump up^ “Honorary Graduates of Birmingham City University” . Birmingham City University . 2014 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  20. Jump up^ “Ken Robinson Keynote Address at COMMENCEMENT 2009” . RISD . 30 May 2009 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  21. Jump up^ “Gordon Parks Celebrating Creativity Awards Dinner and Auction” . Gordon Parks Foundation . 1 June 2011 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  22. Jump up^ “Arthur C. Clarke Foundation confers Honors for Lifetime Achievement, Innovation, and Imagination” . The Arthur C. Clarke Foundation . 10 April 2012 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  23. Jump up^ “Robinson Vennerberg to speak at OSU COMMENCEMENT ceremony” . OSU . 25 April 2012 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .
  24. Jump up^ “Honorary Fellows & Honorary PhDs” . Royal Central School of Speech and Drama . 2014 . Retrieved 13 August 2014 .