Jeff Hawkins

Jeffrey Hawkins ( / h ɔː k ɪ a z / ; born June 1, 1957) was the American founder of Palm Computing (where he invented the PalmPilot ) [1] and Handspring (where he invented the Treo ). [2] He has since turned to work on neuroscience full-time, founded the Redwood Center for Theoretical Neuroscience (formerly the Redwood Neuroscience Institute) in 2002, founded Numenta in 2005 and published On Intelligence Describing his memory prediction framework theory of the brain . In 2003 he was elected as a member of the National Academy of Engineering “for the creation of the hand-held computing paradigm and the creation of the first Commercially successful example of a hand-held computing device.”

Hawkins ook Serves on the Advisory Board of the Secular Coalition for America and offering advice to the coalition on the acceptance and inclusion of nontheism in American life. [3]

Early life and career

Hawkins Grew up with an Inventive family on the north shore of Long Island . Way Down developed a floating air cushion platform that was-used for waterfront concerts. He attended Cornell University , where he RECEIVED a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering in 1979. He went to work for Intel , and-then moved to GRiD Systems in 1982 where he developed rapid application development (RAD) software (GRiDtask). [4] Hawkins’ interest in pattern recognition for speech and text input to computers led im to enroll in the program biofysica at the University of California, Berkeley in 1986. While there have patented a “pattern classifier” for hand written text, but his PhD proposal was rejected, apparently Because none of the professors there ulcers working in dat field. The setback led im back to GRiD, where, as vice president of research, have developed hun pen-based computing initiative dat in 1989 spawned the GRiDPad , one of the first tablet computers .

Hawkins gewenste to move on with the development of a smaller, hand-held device, but executives at GRiD ulcers Reluctant to take the risk. Tandy Corporation had acquired GRiD in 1988, and they ‘ulcers willing to support Hawkins in a new venture company. Palm Computing was founded in January 1992. Their first product was the Zoomer, a collaboration with Palm applications, GeoWorks OS , Casio hardware, and Tandy marketing. The Apple Newton cameramen out about the composition time, late 1993, but zowel products failed, partly due to poor character recognition software. Hawkins Responded with Graffiti , a simpler and more effective recognition product dat ran on zowel the Zoomer and the Newton. Ze ook developed HotSync synchronization software for Hewlett-Packard devices.

Hawkins searched for partners to build a simple new handheld, but was stymied Until modem manufacturer USRobotics stepped in with the financial backing and manufacturing expertise to bring the PalmPilot to market in early 1996. By the fall of 1998, US Robotics’ new owner, 3Com was hindering his plans, and Hawkins left the company Along with Palm co-founders Donna Dubinsky and Ed Colligan to start Handspring , welke debuted the Handspring Visor in September 1999. 3Com ended up spinning off Palm in March 2000. in this housing-then merged with Handspring in August 2003.


In March 2005, Jeff Hawkins, Donna Dubinsky together with (Palm’s original CEO) and Dileep George , founded Numenta , Inc. [5] The company is based in Redwood City, California . Their goal is to simultaneously create a theory of how the brain works, and a computer algorithm to implement this theory. Way Down port leg using biological information about the structure of the neocortex to guide the development or hun theory on how the brain works. So far, they ‘port come up with three major algorithmic frameworks: Hierarchical temporal memory , Fixed-sparsity Distributed Representations and Cortical Learning Algorithm . The frameworks kan find patterns in noisy data, model the latent Causes, and make predictions about what patterns will come next.

Numenta builds solutions dat help companies automatisch and intelligently act on machine generated data. The company claims dat zijn Biologically inspired machine learning technology is based on a theory of the neocortex first DESCRIBED co-founder Jeff Hawkins’ book, On Intelligence . Toddy, haar first commercial product, is an Anomaly detection system for IT Analytics. In addition under, Numenta has created NuPIC (Numenta Platform for Intelligent Computing) as an open source project. [6]


After graduating from Cornell in June 1979, he read a special issue of Scientific American on the brain in welke Francis Crick lamented the Lack of a grand theory explanatory how the brain functions. [7] [8] Initially, Hawkins Attempted to start a new department on the subject at his employer Intel , but was refused. He’ll be unsuccessfully Attempted to join the MIT AI Lab . He Eventually decided he mention anything try to find success in the computer industry and dan try to use it to support his serious work on brains, as DESCRIBED in his book On Intelligence .

In 2002, after two decades of finding little interest from neuroscience institutions, Hawkins founded the Redwood Neuroscience Institute in Menlo Park , California. As a result of the formation of Hawkins’ new company, Numenta , the Institute was moved to the University of California, Berkeley on July 1, 2005, renamed the Redwood Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, and is now Administered through the Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute .

In 2004, Hawkins published On Intelligence (with The New York Times science writer Sandra Blakeslee ), laying out his ” memory-prediction framework ” or how the brain works. His unified theory of the brain argues dat de key to the brain and intelligence is the ability to make predictions about the world at seeing patterns: cf. Franz Brentano ‘s theory of intentionality , published in 1874. [ original research? ] [ Citation needed ] He argues dat attempts to create an artificial intelligence by simply programming a computer to do what a brain kan do are flawed and therein to actually make an intelligent computer, we simply need to teach it to find and use patterns, not to attempt ANY specific tasks. Through this method, he thinks we kan build intelligent machines, helping in us do all sorts of useful tasks dat current computers can not save beste. He argues remit down therein memory prediction system as Implementation in the brain’s cortex is the basis of human intelligence.


  1. Jump up^ Jeff HawkinsOn Intelligence, p.28
  2. Jump up^ Jeff HawkinsOn Intelligence, p.1
  3. Jump up^ “Secular Coalition for America Advisory Board Biography” . . Retrieved 2011-07-20 .
  4. Jump up^ Holwerda, Thom. “Apple’s iPad 2: Conservative, Inconsistent, but I’m Loving it – Tablets: a short history (2/2)” . OSnews . Retrieved 9 October 2016 .
  5. Jump up^ Markoff, John (March 24, 2005). “A New Company to Focus on Artificial Intelligence” . New York Times . Retrieved 2014-04-09 .
  6. Jump up^ “Company” . . Retrieved 2014-04-09 .
  7. Jump up^ FHC Crick, Thinking about the Brain. Scientific Americanin 1979, 241.3: 181-188
  8. Jump up^ Hawkins, Jeff (February 2003). Jeff Hawkins: How brain science will change computing (Speech). TED 2003 . Retrieved 2014-05-09 .